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bmw i3 3 phase charging

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Singapore banks push for EVs, property developers to install EV charging points

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New Chinese EV spotted in Malaysia, DFSK Glory EV3 charging at Sunway

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Is the road tax actually cheaper for electric cars in Malaysia?

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All-electric BMW 5 Series coming soon as BMW ramps up its electrification line-up

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2020 BMW iX3 debuts: 286 PS, 400 Nm, 460 km range

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I need to install a home charger for the I-Pace and our BMW i3. Will the I-Pace support 3 phase 11kW charging?

I calculated that doing 12,000 miles a year with home charging in a new BMW i3 would raise average domestic elecricity consumption from ~3700kWh to ~6700kWh.The mains infrastructure will need upgrading to cope, and pragmatically needs full 3 phase coverage for fast chargers.

To all car manufacturers developing EV’s: please equip your (near) future models with a 3-phase AC on-board charger. 1-phase is not convenient enough. Renault Zoe, Tesla, BMW i3 and smart proof that 3-phase AC charging provides drivers so much more flexibility! @volvocars

Its like they think the infrastructure to support fully electric cars will suddenly appear

bmw i3 3 phase charging Q&A Review

What do you think of the new Faraday Future FF 91?

Electric car, defining the future, redefining the automobile, fully connected to the world at large — there are probably half a dozen such companies announced per year, and sooner than later they all show their true, vaporware colors. It’s no secret that a most of top automakers are making – or plan to make – all-electric cars. Tesla Motors Inc. and Toyota Motor Corp.’s Prius are arguably the most prominent among the crowd. But Nissan Motor Co. Ltd., Ford Motor Co., Chevrolet, BMW, and others are currently manufacturing all electric cars and have big plans for better cars with longer ranges. However, there’s a new player on the horizon – one that you would have probably never heard of until CES-2017 . That’s because it’s a strange combination of public, yet secretive information. Faraday Future, is an American start-up technology company, backed by Chinese investors and focused on the development of intelligent electrical vehicles. Faraday Future has reported that it has built a team from former Tesla, GM, Ferrari, Lamborghini, BMW, Audi, Apple, SpaceX, and Hulu employees. Main body: Nick Sampson — Product Architect, former Vehicle and Chassis Engineering for Tesla Model S Richard Kim — Head Design, former BMW i8 Concept, BMW i3 Concept Silva Hiti — Sr. Dir. of Powertrain, former lead powertrain at Chevy Volt Pontus Fontaeus — Interior Design, former Lambhorgini, Ferrari, Land Rover Page Beermann — Exterior Design Chief, former Creative Director at BMW Porter Harris — Batteries, former SpaceX In January 2017 the company presented its latest technology at the CES in Las Vegas, claiming that ,their car makes all other cars redundant,. FF 91 - A vehicle with the horsepower of a Ferrari and the driving range of a Tesla? Design FF 91 is built upon company’s ,Variable Platform Architecture (VPA),, it’s a new breed of electric mobility that provides user with super car performance but the comfort of ultra luxury vehicle. VPA tech will allow Faraday to build new vehicles on the same platform architecture, dramatically reducing time to market for future vehicles. This solution consists of a modular wheelbase, modular battery infrastructure, and modular motor configurations. it’s capable of several potential battery and motor configurations. The flexible powertrain features a monocoque vehicle structure where the chassis and body are a single form, giving measurable improvements in overall vehicle rigidity, safety, and handling. The all-wheel drive system provides greater traction, control, and of course, precise power distribution. The rear wheels also have a few degrees of left and right movement, dramatically reducing the FF 91’s turning radius despite its long 126-inch wheelbase. Depending on the configuration, the all-electric drivetrain utilizes either two or three electric motors to deliver up to 1,050 hp, and the heavy battery packs give the FF 91 a very low center of gravity (zero gravity mode). They are all 3-phase permanent magnet motors. According to Faraday, that’s enough power to propel the FF 91 from 0 to 60 mph in just 2.39 seconds. There is no production car that fast on the road today. Even after Tesla pushes out a planned update to Ludicrous Mode on the Model S P100D, its 0 to 60 time will improve to 2.4 seconds. From the front fascia to the signature “UFO line” that runs down the mid section of the car, the ,exterior design is driven by aerodynamics,. But Faraday innovated beyond the shape of the car. Take the “active wheels,” which automatically rotate an inner disc to seal off the gaps between spokes and further improve aerodynamics at high speeds. All of the bodywork is said to have been designed with aerodynamics in mind first, resulting in a drag coefficient of just 0.25. BATTERY It will have 15 percent higher specific energy than a Tesla Model S 85 kW-hr pack. That works out to 98 kW-hr. The company is aiming for the highest energy density which allows for larger crumple zones than on the Tesla Model S. Single or groups of cells can be replaced. It’s a multi-cell solution (like Tesla’s), in a single cell, thermal-runaway fault tolerant (will not propagate to other cells) Module designed for mass production, utilizing new processes and technologies Same battery design to be used in all vehicles with only a change in capacity (no change in voltage. The new car, called the Faraday Future FF 91, is claimed to be capable of 0-60mph in 2.39sec – potentially making it the quickest electric car in production. Approximately 4.5 hours to charge the battery from 50% to full, using a 240V home charger system included in the purchase of the car Autonomous Yes, the FF 91 unsurprisingly features self-driving modes, including ‘,driverless valet,’, whereby the driver can leave the car to park itself, by introducing a, fully retractable 3D lidar solution (first ever car with this feature),, working together with 13 long- and short-range radar sensors, 10 high-definition cameras, and 12 ultrasonic sensors. Full self-driving is still a bit far off in the future, but at launch the FF 91 will already support several autonomous modes. However, it shows embarrassing failure in the CES show., Futuristic Interior and Features Dozens of screens ,of all shapes and sizes replace traditional instrument panels and controls, unlike single great big touchscreen in Teslas. Dozens of individual screens surround the driver and the front and rear passengers, presenting information and providing interfaces for controls. There are even screens in the pillars on the outside of the car, welcoming the driver by name as he or she approaches the vehicle. But the best part about Faraday’s system is that it’s tied to a profile. ,It doesn’t need a key,, but the face. Car starts on, facial recognition,. All of your settings and preferences will automatically be adjusted by the vehicle. Beyond the screens, interior cameras offer security and facial recognition (and even by detecting expression and moods) to, automatically adjust settings, and in addition with the help of antennas, it receive and process data, share route plans, media and other data remotely, with the car remembering seating positions, music and movies, climate control settings, Quad-zone climate control, heating and cooling seats, seat massage settings, recline angle of the rear ,zero gravity seats, and so on when they next climb aboard. There are no door handles. Instead, buttons open and close ,motorized coach doors,, fitted with sensors. FF 91 offers the, next generation connectivity,. The company has teamed up with LeEco, a global internet company that blends content, devices, application, and distribution to a first-of-its kind ecosystem. FF EcoSystem integrates your digital lives into FF 91, learning about your preferences over time and becoming smarter. Future Faraday FF 91 is designed with ,panoramic roof, smart dimming glass technology,, and is operated by users tapping on the glass, and the in-house hybrid connectivity solution ,keeps the car and mobile devices within connected to the internet via multiple wireless carriers and multiple network technologies. Dual roof-mounted antennas that also broadcast Wi-Fi to connect passengers’ mobile devices. There are ,no mirrors,. High-definition displays replace the rear view and side view mirrors, and HD cameras positioned around the vehicle provide a far wider range of view than any traditional mirrors. Exterior vehicle lighting, has changed a great deal over the past two decades,the “FF” logo pattern lighting in place of a front grille and on the lower side panels. This lighting not only illuminates the ground when passengers enter and exit the car, but also glows and pulses when the vehicle is in autonomous mode. Once learned, this communicates to nearby pedestrians that the vehicle is driving itself, by changing pattern. Market Strategy However, they didn’t have denounce the actual price yet, but online booking has been started. A ,$5,000 refundable deposit reserves, your place in line, and the first 300 reservations will have the option to ,upgrade their orders to a special FF 91 Alliance Edition, this coming March. The company hasn’t yet clarified what special features will be included on the Alliance Edition model. In short, FF91 is no less than a futuristic car obviously. It has not been launched yet, and is likely to be in the market next year. Apparently Faraday Future has suggested just a concept so far, and even may be failure (easier said than done). But the ideas they have implemented in the concept, was even beyond many movie makers. It surely will encourages more competition in vehicle industry, however I highly doubt on it own success because of the instability of the company. ,Because- On January 4, 2016, at the US Consumer Electronic Show (CES-2016), they revealed their 1,000 hp (750 kW), 200 mph (320 km/h), single seat race-car concept, with many smart features. No specific details were given for these potential car designs other than the race-car concept. But with too much hype, sooner they expressed disappointment that the only design shown was of a high end concept race-car that would never actually be produced, instead of a production car for the everyday driver. The press quickly dismissed the car as vapor. Multiple key management figures, including acting CEO Ding Lei and ex-Ferrari North America chief Marco Mattiacci, reportedly left the company in December 2016. The company has been going through financial/funding controversies. Also, It is still unclear who the CEO of Faraday Future is. Work on its new factory in Las Vegas was halted by the company constructing it, reputedly over unpaid invoices. A year full of turmoil with Faraday’s main financier, lawsuits filed by vendors alleging millions in unpaid bills. Also, It was an embarassing failure while demonstrating the driverless parking in CES event. Also, I personally being an Elon Musk fan, I doubt if Faraday Future would be able to rule the market any soon when your competitors are Tesla Motors with Elon Musk being CEO. As many of the employee in FF are ex employee of TESLA, Faraday might be targeting the high-end electric car market, which Tesla has had to itself so far. On the other hand, Tesla has long been known to eye the broader market, so perhaps Faraday intends to go after that market. But that would require its mega plant to be as efficient as the existing ones of competitors which can assemble more than 5,00,000 cars per year (that too if it plans to make a car for common people, and not just for wealthy). Tesla’s gigantic factory Faraday Future reveals Nevada megafactory it hopes will topple Tesla ‘Despite all the naysayers and the sceptics we will persist,’ said Faraday Future’s senior vice president Nick Sampson at the FF 91’s launch. SOURCE, : http://www.carmagazine.co.uk/car-news/motor-shows-events/consumer-electronics-show-ces/2017/faraday-future-ff-91-super-quick-super-complicated-ev-revealed-at-ces-2017/ https://www.yahoo.com/tech/farady-ff-91-feels-future-031052033.html http://bgr.com/2017/01/04/faraday-future-ff-91-most-innovative-features/

It is a fact that Electric cars are the future cars. How soon we can see them in India?

There is a quiet revolution already taking place. Electric cars will arrive in two phases: “Hybrid” electric cars - which have both petrol as well as electric motors. Full electric cars - which do not have any petrol motor at all. Hybrid cars are already here and have been selling for some time. The Toyota Camry has been available in both petrol as well as hybrid form since the last 3–4 years. Almost everyone bought the hybrid, even though it was more expensive, as it was more fuel-efficient. Recently, Toyota has discontinued the petrol only model, and the hybrid is the only one available and is selling well. The next model of the Toyota Corolla Altis is also expected to be available in hybrid form, and if the Camry experience gets repeated, then the hybrid version should outsell the petrol-only version. The Honda Accord is also available only as a hybrid model. The petrol-only model is no longer available. Thus hybrid technology has already been introduced and accepted in the larger cars - almost all the Lexus models, as well as the larger Toyota (Camry) and Honda (Accord) models. The next step is to make it available in medium size models like the Toyota Corolla and Honda Civic, maybe even the Honda City, which should happen soon. Till now, these have all been “self-charging” hybrids, wherein the petrol motor is the main driving force as well as being the battery charging source, and the major gain is in fuel efficiency. Here, the spare energy is stored in the battery when the car is braking or idle, to be used during acceleration, when the electric motor kicks in, thus reducing fuel consumption by the petrol motor. The next level are the “plug in” hybrids, which you can charge at home, and which will run on this charge most of the time, but have a petrol motor on board which kicks in when charge runs out (or temporarily when extra acceleration is required). An example of this is the BMW i3, which has already been spotted testing in India and cars of this type should start arriving soon, perhaps by next year. The last type, of course, are the full electric cars. The most talked about example, of course, is the Tesla, introduction of which in India is still about 3–4 years away. Some smaller versions of full electric vehicles are already available, notably the Mahindra E2O, but these leave much to be desired in terms of space, comfort and safety. Tesla of course will be available in medium and full sized models and even as an SUV, but requires charging infrastructure to be in place before it can be a success. Thus electric technology in cars will arrive in a “trickle down” method, where more and more new cars bought will have either part of full electric technology, and older, petrol/diesel-only cars will slowly get phased out, until most cars on the road will be either hybrid or full electric. This entire process should take around 10–15 years by my reckoning. The next revolution will be “Self-driving” or “driver-less” electric cars, but that is a whole other story. It’s going to be a brave new world!

In case we need to replace a Tesla Model S (415 HP, 85 kW) battery with an electrical generator (kW) to directly operate the 3-phase motor, what should be the power (in kW, volts) of that generator?

I do not see replacing the battery with a generator as a viable possibility. I would think that approach would be along the lines of replacing the motor with an ICE and a traditional dive line. If you look at the BMW I3 range extender you will find that adding a generator to charge the battery may be a better alternative. I would think you would need about 100 HP generator to feed the 240-volt charger. The problem would be can the charger run while the car is in motion. It would work if you parked the car and used the generator to feed the car charger. 100HP or 75000-watt generator should be able to keep a week battery alive as you drive. When you see what a 75kW generator looks like you will see that just buying a new Tesla is a much better deal. ,75 kW/94 kVA Portable Generator - 120/240V - 170 Gallon Fuel Capacity You may need more power than a Model S can provide to pull it. In any case, messing with the elegant design that Telsa’s engineering staff has come up with is not going to be productive unless you have the talent that they have.

Which is the best electric cars in India?

Please study the following first before opting for any EV: Real time (preferably all weather) range of the vehicles,: Kona (international Lite edition): 385 Km real range for a Mumbai based resident; best car you can buy. MG ZS EV: Not as efficient as the Kona (does less range on a bigger battery pack, 300 km city range, 277 Km highway range. Check Motoroctane’s 1550 Km Mumbai to Delhi travel on this vehicle. Tata Nexon EV: the most affordable product from Tata house after Tigor EV. This one provides 200–250 Km real time range. Get to know some hidden truths from the designer of Nexon Electric from this video: Review of Nexon electric: Price point offered,: You cannot afford BMW i3, Jaguar iPace, EQC, Audi e-Tron. They are very very expensive unless you are earning a lot of money. Try the others, may be you can go for them. Miscellaneous points: Home AC wall charger needs a 3 phase connection, (min 5 kW, 415 V) at your garage or wherever you would be parking. So get this connection points drawn by your electricity company. ,If you do not wish to use the wall charger, at least get a 16 Ampere single phase (3 pin) socket installed with its own miniature circuit breaker,, designed to trip if excess current is drawn from the plug. The MCB should have allowance to trip at over current condition not exceeding 5% above rated input current of charger. Mahindra e2o Plus has been discontinued as it does not meet crash test norms. It has been replaced with e-KUV 100. ,The KUV 100 electric has a very bad range for an EV; at 120 km real time, and is now available for commercial consumers at 8.25 Lakhs ex-sh. ,Add another 1.5 Lakhs for personal consumer as subsidy is not offered under FAME - II scheme., It can meet your city requirement if you can fully charge the battery twice or thrice a week. As a city or ,second car,, both e-verito and Tigor EVs make a good choice, with ,Tigor EV being the better among the two,, since real time range of e-verito is around 150 Km at best in city, but it is 200–210 Km for Tigor EV. ,The facelifted Tigor EV is slightly more costlier than pre-facelift version., The Tigor EV pre-facelift edition comes between 10.47 Lakhs to 10.75 Lakhs ex-sh in India, and e-verito is a little dearer. Availability of DC fast chargers or nearby showroom, of company where AC or DC fast charger may be available, go for that maker having the better showroom network advantage. And keep track of showrooms, because until infra develops you will need them as a paid service during longer trips. If you don’t have fast chargers, then go for electric two wheelers, where lot of options are available. Driving requirement,: Go electric only when you tend to drive more, that is when you make greater savings. This is due to the fact that the more you drive an electric the more you save compared to a oil guzzler. After-sales service,: This needs to be readily available. In short: A. If you drive in city, choose either of e-verito or e-KUV 100. They are good second cars. B. If you are environment conscious, and need to drive mostly in city, go for the Tigor EV. C. If you have greater requirement of driving; like more than 2000 Km per month, then any of the other electric cars can very well replace a diesel car. Else if you need a car, go for petrol or electric two wheeler. D. If you don’t have easy fast charger access, go for electric two wheeler; if that is preferable. Electric two wheelers do not need fast chargers. A simple 5 (or 6 Amp) socket is enough. E. If you have solar rooftop connection, definitely go for electric and you SHOULD replace your oil guzzler with that.

What is the difference between driving an electric car and a combustion car?

I’ve only owned mine for about 2 months and have put around 500 miles on it. But maybe my answer might give some insight into what it’s like owning a more “normal” or rather less expensive vehicle than a Tesla model S/X. I’ll try to keep it general and not so much a review on my specific vehicle. Be warned this is going to be a long post but feel free to skim through the section titles for the tl;dr version. My Situation: My daily was a 1976 Toyota Corolla, which is rear-wheel drive has virtually no safety features and is carbureted so cold starts are a pain. With winter approaching the PNW I needed to look for a more suitable car. So i began researching EV’s when I saw several Nissan Leafs with low mileage available for around $10k with a little bit of warranty left on them. So now I am leasing a 2017 Kia Soul EV+ for roughly $250/month. Of all the cars in this price range (Nissan Leaf, BMW i3, Fiat 500e) to me the Soul was the most normal looking of the bunch and a good balance between interior and exterior size and range. And if you’re keen on being more frugal they had the base model available for leasing at a whopping $99/month* but YMMV. Also in my state I paid no sales tax because of EV incentives, which probably saved me at least $1,500. Although my lease is for 3 years it’s still pretty hard to beat Kia’s 10 year warranty which also covers the battery. On a full charge it is rated for 107 mile range,. Which is affected by several factors including running heat or A/C and wether cruising at highway speeds or city/stop-and go traffic. My commute is about 17 miles each way, so I can relatively safely travel to and from work the two times a week without experiencing any ,range anxiety,. For me this is perfect since I work from home twice a week. But everyone’s situation is different. Pros Low Center of Gravity - Because the batteries are generally placed along the floorboard, EV’s tend to have a low center of gravity which helps in cornering and general vehicle agility. Even though the Soul is categorized as a sub-compact crossover (mini SUV?) combined with the instant torque, it still “feels” somewhat sporty. Virtually no maintenance - My first recommended maintenance is supposed to be done at 7,500 miles and that is for a tire rotation and cabin filter change, cost should be roughly $60. I’m still not sure if I can (am allowed) to do this myself or if the dealer requires me to have them do it but it’s roughly about the same cost I paid for oil changes on my Subaru, and that was at roughly each 3–5k miles. No oil, no spark plugs, no belts, no fluids (beyond windshield washer), no air filters, no transmission or gears to wear down, longer lasting brake pads (more on this later). Charging convenience - The car came with a level-1 charger. Which is the slowest charge you can achieve and just plugs into a standard outlet. The Soul EV allows for creating a charging schedule i’m sure other EV’s do as well. Which means when I get home, I pull into the garage and plug the vehicle in, then it will charge automatically overnight until it reaches 100% or it hits my cut-off time. Supposedly rates are lower at night, but I’ve yet to see how much charging will effect my electricity bill. Level 2 chargers can also be purchased for home use. This requires you have the wiring installed for a a higher output 240v, similar to a clothes dryer outlet but with a different prong configuration. Level-2 chargers generally charge up to twice as fast as a level-1 and cost around $400–800+. A level-3 (DC charger) will bring up my battery to about 80% in 30 minutes. I’m not sure how feasible it is to have one of these installed in your house. The dealership mentioned that they are aware of some people who do have them in their homes, but then again Seattle is home of Microsoft and Amazon… so yeah I believe it. Luckily I have one pretty close to where I live and have used it on one occasion. It cost me around $12 for that session ($5 of it was a fee for simply using the charger, the rest was calculated per minute.) For comparison, that same $12 would have got me around 4 gallons of gasoline (here in the Pacific Northwest at around $3/gallon the last time i paid for gas.) You can calculate how many miles you might have achieved with those 4 gallons, but lets just say 25/MPG * 4 gallons = 100miles. That just barely beats my estimated range of about 90 miles but it also took me 30 minutes to obtain that range. The dealership where I leased the vehicle has a level-3 charger available 24/7 at no cost to me but they’re a little out of the way, but hard to beat free “fuel”. When’s the last time you had access to “unlimited” “free” fuel? Unless, you know, you have solar panels at home. There’s also many public chargers available at shopping malls and other B&M shopping locations. Some of these available free, but most require you are part of a charging network like ,Blink,. It works kind of like a bus pass. You register and link your credit card then when you go to charge you “boop” your RFID card and your card gets charged for whatever you electricity use. With sites like ,PlugShare, finding an open and functioning charger (yes, even residential chargers) becomes convenient rather than a hassle. Environmentally Friendly - Everyone has different opinions here, but you do get a warm fuzzy feeling knowing that you are putting out zero emissions. Maybe thats just the seat warmers though IDK. Most of the Ev’s I researched had a “gamified” way of rating the eco-friendliness of your driving. Example of the Soul’s version of it here: Even the interior (in the Soul at least) is partly made from bio-materials, and yes it still has that same “new car” smell. “Instant Torque” - Now, my little Soul EV is no P90D, and won’t be winning any drag races anytime soon. But at 109HP and 210 ft/lbs of Torque its no slug either. Even when compared to the gasoline Kia Souls, the EV is the quickest even passing the newly released turbo model Fake digital tree be damned! I managed to fit and carry a rented ,concrete grinder, (heavy little bastard) as well as (on separate trip) around 20 packs of laminate flooring as well as some underlayment and it hauled it all around with no problem. I also noticed no increase in range degradation while carrying this stuff, granted I didn’t have to go very far. Technology - The Soul EV comes standard with a DC charger port, I know on the Nissan Leaf this is an add-on upgrade and I don’t believe its available on the Fiat 500e. Its a piece-of-mind knowing that you have it available but its supposed to be used sparingly. Infotainment is pretty decent at 8 inches with bluetooth, wifi (more on this later) XM radio and supports both Apple CarPlay and Android Auto. Also because range is negatively affected by using the climate controls its pretty common on EV cars to see heated seats not only on the front driver and passenger, but also on the rear seats. My vehicle specifically has a button which allows the climate controls to focus on just the driver, much more convenient that having to try and reach the passenger vents. Most of the EV’s i did research on have a sort of “gamified” eco view, that rates you on how you’re driving, most of these is growing a digital tree of some sort; mine is on a range of 1 – 8 with 8 being the most eco-friendly and boring driving (not accelerating or braking too quickly, etc) As for the wifi, it isn’t the broadcast kind where the passengers can hop onto and browse when out of range or on their non-cellular enabled devices. But rather when parked at home it allows me to use an app to lock/unlock the car, set the climate controls (heat/cool the car before starting on a drive) or start/stop charging if it’s plugged in. “One pedal driving” - As mentioned before ,one-pedal driving really is a thing, because of regenerative braking. As soon as you let off the accelerator pedal (have to keep reminding myself its not a gas pedal anymore) you feel yourself suddenly lurch forward as the car begins using that momentum to get a bit of juice back into the battery. This can be very jarring at first and until you really get used to it and are smoother on and off the pedal it might even make you or your passengers a little nauseous. Honestly though I’ve gotten used to it now and think I almost prefer it, specially when driving in traffic ( I do miss my manual car though, ,sigh,). This also means ,brake pads will need less maintaining,. Sweet Silence - Push a button and you’re ready to drive off. Its a pretty small thing, but still puts a grin on my face. No need to warm up either. LEDs! - I love anything LED and my car at least (I’m sure the others as well) has an abundance of them. From the interior dome lamps to the DRL, brake lights and puddle lights, etc. Incentives - I paid no sales tax. Some states allow EV’s to drive in the carpool lanes with just a single passenger. My state also had waived registration fees for EV’s for a while but that already ran out. And also hard to believe but the lease was offered with almost a $19,000 discount, yes thats right, 19 thousand! $16,000 off for Lease Bonus Cash, with roughly $3,000 dealer incentive. So after my lease if I choose to keep the car (or if someone chooses to purchase one at the end of a lease) it will cost me roughly $13k for a car with less than 30K miles (the allotment that I’m allowed throughout the lease.) Cons Range Anxiety, - The feeling you get when you feel you may run out of “juice” before reaching your destination or the next charging station. I think it’s safe to say that we’re still in the early-adopter phase of EV’s, until Tesla Model 3 comes into full production and there are more readily available. They will just continue to get better and better with longer range. But for now, unless you have the dough for an EV of the Tesla variety you’ll be having to choose from a car with an average 80–100 mile range. Although the Chevy bolt is just becoming available with a 238 mile range but the base model of that costs about the same as the top level trim of the Kia Soul EV with all optional packages (before any discounts). Hard to compare EV range to a gas car though when my previous 2010 Subaru Legacy could manage almost 600 miles (all highway) on a single tank of gas… Not sharing friendly - I had my brother-in-law drop me off at the airport, and I gave him a quick run-down of the differences in how to drive this car thinking it would be enough. He called me later in a panic, saying that the car wouldn’t turn on. Because it is silent the car was already on but he couldn’t tell and combined with a low-range warning he justifiably freaked out a little. One Big Electronic - The first time I tried to use a public level-2 charger, my onboard level 1 & 2 charger basically fried. I had owned the car for a week when this happened and it was also on the same trip to the airport mentioned just above. Luckily the DC charger was still working (hence the visit to a DC charger mentioned above) and the fix was covered under warranty at no cost to me. Hard to say if this was a fault of the onboard charger or the public charger that I used, but the dealer said it wasn’t the first Soul EV they’ve seen with the same issue so IDK. With the current state of the world, I wonder if my EV is more likely to become a huge “paper weight” in the event of a EMP blast. My coworker recommended I build a faraday cage inside my garage… I’m tempted. Stop Whining - There is a slight whine or a high-pitched noise that comes from AC motors. This is also an issue in Hybrid vehicles like my wife’s Hybrid Camry but its much more noticeable in that. This is also dependent on your age and how good your hearing is I guess, like those articles of, teens using high-pitched sounds (mosquito ringtones) on their phones, so the ,teachers can’t hear them,. Missing “Luxuries”- My car at least has no power seats, my guess is that it’s so save electricity, but I mean it’s not like you adjust it all the time right? It also only has driver window auto up/down, none of the other windows have it though they are powered windows (thankfully.) A Tesla probably has these things but it can also reach up to twice or almost three times the cost of mine. Maybe they’ll become more common as time goes on. Maybe too quite - Great for bumping tunes. And this may be just me but I kind of miss the engine and exhaust noise. Kind of hard to get people to race you at a stop light when you can’t rev your engine get their attention… just kidding... Kind of. Looks / Styling - While this is very subjective, apart from the “transplants” (existing cars that were converted to electric. Possibly to avoid fines in states like California with its ZEV mandate) I don’t know why EV manufactures insist on making, umm, “different” looking cars. Tesla really set the standard here. I mean I get it, better Aerodynamics = longer range… but I mean lets look at some examples here: Nissan Leaf BMW i3 Chevy Spark Mitsubishi i-MiEV Kia Soul EV Tesla Model S In Summary I still don’t know how well my battery will perform over upcoming years. But I like knowing that I have a 10 year warranty that will cover most issues that may come up and/or if my battery range degrades as I know it will. If you can make the range work (or get a model in the higher end of the range spectrum) then I think it’s really hard to find anything wrong with an electric car. It makes a perfect second car, if you already have a gas car that is paid off and in good condition for those times you need to take an extended drive. Or if you like a challenge you can plan your trip around stops at public chargers.

Electric cars are already on the market. What about electric boats?

Electric cars are already on the market. What about electric boats? Propulsion on land has the big advantage that the rolling resistance of wheels is very small and the air density is fairly small too, causing little drag unless we start moving fast. As a result, the fairly small energy density of batteries isn’t such an obstacle, current ones allow 2–5 hours of driving (depending on battery size and speed) and an appropriate rapid charging infrastructure can solve the limited capacity and resulting range. This (generally) isn’t an option on water. As a result, electric boats exist, mostly as boats on lakes on rivers, but they are limited to low-power, low-speed propulsion. Don’t expect any significant change unless the battery technology doesn’t change by an order of magnitude too. The single exception might be special boats which have managed to significantly reduce the water resistance. With a 40 kWh battery (from the BMW i3), it allows 50 nautical miles in 20 knots or 32 nautical miles at the top speed of 30 knots. Charging (empty to full): 12 hours on 3.5 kW of power. With a 3-phase 11 kW connection, the charging time is brought to 4 hours. Source: ,Candela Speed Boats - FAQ The disadvantage is, if the sea becomes too rough to hydrofoil, the speed has to be dropped to about 5–6 knots (10 km/h, 6-7 mph) to drive like an normal boat in order to maintain the same maximum range.

How many Tesla Superchargers would a capital investment of $1 billion buy, and would it be sufficient to meet the demand?

They’re already meeting demand. Yes, Tesla fully intends to build more Superchargers, because they’re forward-thinking that way. Unlike every other automaker, which is relying on a bunch of companies who apparently have no clue about how to master-plan useful infrastructure networks, or which aren’t profitable enough to do the job properly, because compare these two maps: Tesla Superchargers - Grey are “under construction”. Ref: ,Tesla has thousands of Supercharger stations in construction/permit phase with new map coming, says Elon Musk CCS chargers, mostly useful for the Chevy Bolt and BMW i3. The “Wrench” icons are “under construction”. Ref: ,plugshare.com The issue is that Tesla’s Model 3 just outsold the VW Jetta in August and September. That’s around 40,000 cars in a market where selling 20,000 electric cars of ,all, makes and models was an optimistic month last year. So I suppose you’re asking “Is a billion dollars enough to meet charging demand”. The answer is “maybe”. One thing for sure though, is those chargers are definitely going to see some use, because they’re all well-located. I can’t say as much about more than half those CCS chargers - many towns have only one, and it’s located at a car dealership of some kind, and closed after hours. Tesla builds 6 or 12 per location, and they put them near things that people need: shopping malls and restaurants and such.

Should I buy an electric car, I have 50K to spend?

It depends. How many miles do you drive a day? If most days are 100 miles or less, an electric car might suit you well. If however you frequently drive 500+ miles in one day, you might find charging inconvenient. Do you have a way to charge at home? If you own a home, plan to use around $1000 of your budget to install a charging station. This is the fastest and most convenient way to charge at home, typically overnight. If however you live in an apartment and have no convenient way to plug your car in at night, an electric car might not be best for you. What type of vehicle do you need? If you need to carry six or more passengers, or a lot of cargo, and can’t limit yourself to a small or medium-sized sedan or hatchback vehicle, an electric car might not be suitable for you. But if you pass those three questions, you might find an electric vehicle fits your needs very well! In the North American market there are several to choose from today. Depending on where you live, there may be others—some models are sold only in California or a handful of other states that follow CARB regulations. Here are a few models under $50k to consider: Nissan LEAF Chevrolet Bolt EV Tesla Model 3 BMW i3 The Nissan and BMW are both eligible for the full $7500 federal tax credit in the United States (new purchases only). Both Chevy and Tesla are phasing out the tax credits during 2019, but will still have a smaller credit for a limited time. Always try before you buy. For the Tesla, you can book a test drive appointment online. For others, try to find a dealer that has an electric car in inventory that you can test drive. Shop around and see what you like. Warning,: Chances are very good that once you own an electric car, you’ll never want to drive anything else. The convenience of charging at home/work, skipping weekly stops at gas stations, the quietness and smoothness of the ride, zero oil changes, is too compelling for me—I’ll never want to own a gasoline car again.

Can you give a transparent review of Tesla cars and other EVs?

I have driven many EVs and own several Tesla’s. As with everything there are pros and cons, and only you can judge if an EV is suitable to your needs. All are quiet. Torque is plentiful and immediate so they are fairly zippy. Renault Kangoo ZE: very small battery (22kWh). Practical, decent rear space, but very limited in power and range. It’s appropriate to deliver mail and small parcels in a neighborhood. BMW i3: small car, seats four. Nice handling. Carbon fiber chassis will be expensive for repairs. Suicide doors. Can be had with or without gas-powered range extender. Jaguar I-Pace: superb car. Wow handling. Powerful, very elegant fit and finish, superior to Tesla. It’s lacking however in charging abilities (single phase only, whereas in Europe we have three phase current). There is 100kW DC fast charging through. Energy usage is high which limits range. Tesla Roadster Sport: body designed by Lotus based on the Elise. RWD. Very small trunk just able to fit a few grocery bags. Fabulous handling. Good range but no fast charging, and only single phase AC. Takes lots of planning, better not be in a hurry. Tesla Model S: That’s a great sedan. Huge trunk and front trunk space, handles better than anything on snow and ice. Superb performance also. I do not like the low windshield. Tesla Model X: like the S, heavier and higher, without the windshield issue. Rear doors are very showy, but work well. Just be careful in areas with low ceilings. Tesla Model 3: fast, agile, super fast charging and very efficient. Hard to beat this is a benchmark for all cars today, electric or not. It’s competitive with BMW 3’s and will give a Porsche 911 GT2 RS à run for the money. Great value. However the interior finishing in the trunk area could be better. No big deal. I’ll let you know about the e-tron and Taycan when I get my paws on them.

How can I fire a 12 cubic ft electric kiln running off three phase power at 12000 watts, on a solar system with batteries, off grid? What specification or size will I need and can I convert to three phase?

That's not going to be easy and it's not going to be cheap. My suggestion would be to look at the MPP Solar inverters because you can use three of their PIP MS or HS inverters with the 3 phase sync cabling. MPP Solar Inc » ,Three Phase Solar Off Grid Inverter As a minimum you could use 4048 or the higher power 5048 versions. Then you need some serious battery… My recommendation would be to get a reclaimed EV battery such as one from a BMW i3 because that can deliver the high power needed and the lithium batteries are robust enough to take deep cycles without shortening the life too much. You can get at 30 or 40kWh of battery which I hope would be enough for the kiln. But basically multiply 12kW by the number of hours you need the kiln running at full power. Now, solar? Damn, that's a lot of panels. You probably want 8–12kW of panels but it would be good for you to figure out how long you need the kiln running. Then calculate the size of battery, then you need to figure out how many hours of sun you will have between firings. If you are running the kiln every day you will probably want 8-10kW of solar panels to charge a 40kWh battery. Every other day maybe less panels?

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