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Shoud we buy a stock of eicher motor?

Fundamental analysis of Eicher Motors Limited (EML) Business segments (1) Royal Enfield Image source: “Google images” Eicher Motors Limited (EML) is the owner of the iconic Royal Enfield brand. Royal Enfield is the World’s oldest motorcycle brand in continuous production since 1901 and it is mainly focused on mid-size motorcycles (250 cc-750 cc). Their products are sold in India and 50 countries globally through exclusive stores and dealers. Royal Enfield with its motorcycle combines modern-day elements with the brand’s heritage, garners immense enthusiasm amongst global motorcyclists. Portfolio Motorcycles - Bullet, Classic, Thunderbird, Himalayan, Interceptor 650, Continental GT 650 (2) VE (Volvo group and Eicher motors) commercial Vehicles Image source: “Google images” VE Commercial Vehicles (VECV) designs, manufactures and markets reliable, fuel-efficient trucks and buses. EML’s joint venture VE Commercial Vehicles (VECV) with Sweden’s AB Volvo has pioneered the modernization of commercial vehicles in India and other developing countries. Portfolio Eicher branded 3.5-4.9 tonnes, Light Medium Duty Trucks (5-15 tonnes), Heavy Duty Trucks (16- 49 tonnes) and buses, Volvo trucks Competitive strength Eicher Motors is known for its cult motorcycle brand - Royal Enfield Bullet. Royal Enfield is the global brand in the mid-sized motorcycle segment Eicher Motors Limited (EML) occupies 95% share in the mid-size motorcycle segment and 29.4% market share in domestic Light to Medium Duty (LMD) segment Eicher Motors has low debt and zero promoter pledge Eicher Motors has 915 exclusive stores in India There are 42 exclusive Royal Enfield stores across UK, Colombia, USA, Mexico, UAE, France, Spain, Indonesia, Thailand, Philippines, Australia, New Zealand, Portugal, Malaysia, Brazil, Vietnam, and Argentina The company has an effective low-cost supply chain and distribution Weakness The company faces domestic competition from its top competitors Bajaj Auto, Hero Motocorp, Jawa motorcycles, Ashok Leyland and Mahindra & Mahindra The company is also facing competition from new international entrants like Harley Davidson, Benelli There is a major fall in Trailing Twelve Months (TTM) profit due to economic slowdown and pandemic Management Eicher Motors Limited (EML) has seen robust management over the decades. Mr. Siddhartha Lal is the Managing Director of Eicher Motors. He also has been the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of Royal Enfield and the chairman of VE commercial vehicles, a joint venture between Volvo Group and Eicher Motors. He was the one who helped revive the company’s fortune and strengthened stakeholders’ interest and involvement with the brand. Share price levels of Eicher Motors Screenshot source: “Trading view” From the above graph, we can see that the stock has outperformed both the indices (Sensex and Nifty) since the company has been listed in NSE and BSE. Lifetime high of Eicher Motors: Rs. 32617 52 week high of Eicher Motors: Rs. 23450 52 week low of Eicher Motors: Rs. 12450 Market capitalization: Rs. 47373 crores Currently, Eicher Motors is trading at 17000 levels. However, in the last three years, Eicher motors have been in the downtrend. Eicher Motors was trading at Rs.12000 on April 3, 2020. From that level, it is showing strength now. Reasons for the fall in share price in the last three years Poor quarterly results in 2019 New competition from Jawa motorcycles Fall in demand led down by a slowdown in the economy Not only Eicher motors, but the whole automobile sector have also been in a downtrend over the last few years Recent news screenshot source: “Business standard” The company announced and approved a stock split plan to increase liquidity and to make the shares more affordable to retail investors. Eicher motors board approved 10 for 1 stock split. The company will split each share of Rs. 10 into 10 equity shares of the face value of Rs. 1 each. What is a stock split? When a company announces a stock split, the number of outstanding shares of the company increases but the market capitalization remains constant. Shareholding pattern of Eicher Motors Now let us look into the numbers of Eicher Motors based on four aspects namely growth, cash flow, liquidity, and profitability Growth Inferences Total sales of the company have seen a continuous increase of 8.34% CAGR in the last 10 years Operating income has increased by 23% CAGR in the last 10 years Net profit has increased by 27.8% CAGR in the last 10 years Eicher Motors had excellent growth history Liquidity Eicher Motors is virtually a debt-free company The debt to equity of the company was at 0.43 in 2008 and the current debt to equity ratio of the company is just 0.01. It shows us that the company has significantly reduced its debt level and it is financed by equity capital alone The current ratio of the company is 3.15 which shows that the company has sufficient current assets to meet the short term obligations Cash flow The company has been maintaining positive cash flows over the last 10 years (except 2011 and 2012). Having a positive cash flow is a big plus for the company Thus, Eicher motors had a strong cash flow Profitability The current Return on Equity (ROE) and Return On Capital Employed (ROCE) of the company is 27.63% and 40.59% respectively. Also, the company has been maintaining a solid ROCE% of more than 30 over the last 10 years. Thus, Eicher motors have been profitable for shareholders. Thank you for reading :)

When will self-driving cars be available to consumers?

The question has been well answered up to this point, but the ,short answer, is the technology will likely be available for download in “Beta” mode as early as 2017. But, 2018 would be where I would place a bet if I only had one chip. Full production will likely be 2020 or 2021. The ,long answer, is it depends on who you ask: Volvo: •“Today, we are close to creating cars capable of truly autonomous driving that will revolutionise the way you travel and change society for the better. Here is our guide to what autonomous driving means and how it came about.” – ,Volvo Cars •In 2017, 100 autonomous cars each will introduced as a trial in Gothenburg, London, and China. The call this the “Drive Me Project”. Will likely not work in all weather situations. •They have have partnered with Autoliv, an existing supplier of active safety systems. – ,Volvo Cars •Volvo is using Nvidia’s GPU-based deep-learning system. – ,Digital Trends | Technology News and Product Reviews •Interim steps in self-parking cars and additional active safety systems. •Vision: No fatalities in a Volvo car by 2020. •Volvo believes Level 2/3 autonomy is an unsafe solution and not an endpoint. •Volvo is "taking responsibility both for crash events, and we're also programming it for extreme events like people walking in the road even where they're not supposed to be. There's a massive amount of work put into making it handle a crash or conflict situations.“ -Trent Victor, senior technical leader of crash avoidance at Volvo - ,The Verge •“It's mostly a difference of autonomous design philosophy for Tesla and Volvo. Tesla believes drivers can be trusted to make the appropriate decision with regards to their vehicle while Volvo wants to keep the driver from even putting himself into the position of getting into trouble with its autonomous tech.” – ,The Verge •“Volvo plans to roll out a system similar to Autopilot in 2017, but by 2020 Coelingh said Volvo’s self-driving technology will be so advanced that no supervision will be needed, and the driver can instead do something else while behind the wheel.” – ,Tech Insider •“The company has stated that it will ,accept full liability, when its vehicles are in autonomous mode, and has announced plans to expand its pilot program to ,China, and the ,United States,. Volvo has followed rivals like BMW in setting 2021 as a target deployment date, though it is ,still looking for its own collaborators to work with,.” •“Volvo has also partnered with Microsoft to further its research efforts in this space. Read More: ,Volvo,, ,Wired,, ,IB Times,” – ,Venture Capital Database •"It's our ambition to have a car that can drive fully autonomously on the highway by 2021. […] This technology is something as a carmaker you cannot develop by yourself.“ - CEO Hakan Samuelsson, ,Automotive News Uber: •"Travis [Kalanick] recently told me that in 2020, if Teslas are autonomous, he'd want to buy all of them," ,said Steve Jurvetson,, a board member and early investor in Tesla. "And I was like, 'What?' And he's like 'All 500,000 estimated for 2020 production, I want them all.' But he couldn't get a return call from Elon, so he was like, whatever.“ – ,Tech Insider •Last January, Uber poached 1/3 of Carneige Mellon’s Top Robotics Lab to Build Self-driving Cars: “All told, Uber snatched up about 50 people from Carnegie Mellon, including many from its highest ranks. That's an unusually high number of people to leave at once, and accounted for about a third of the staff NREC had at the end of last year. Many were top employees, including David Stager, who had been there since 1997 and is now Uber's lead systems engineer; Jean-Sébastien Valois, a senior commercialization specialist who had been with NREC for nearly 12 years (and lists himself as "on leave" ,on CMU's site,); and Anthony Stentz, NREC's director for the past four and a half years, who had been at the center since 1997. News of some of the departures was, reported earlier, this year by ,TechCrunch, and The Pittsburgh Business Times.” – ,The Verge •Uber continues to raise cash (currently $13B + available credit) and rumors of an early IPO are starting. •“Uber CEO, Travis Kalanick, has indicated in a tweet that he expects Uber’s fleet to be driverless by 2030. The service will then be so inexpensive and ubiquitous that car ownership will be obsolete. (Source: ,Mobility Lab,, 2015-08-18)” – ,Gearing up to save lives, reduce costs, resource consumption •“Uber China has removed a major capital drain; the deal coincided with news that the company would plow $500M into ,a global mapping initiative,. Read More: ,New York Times,, ,The Verge,” ,– ,Venture Capital Database Google: •“Google has never given a formal deadline, but has suggested it's working on having the technology ready by 2020.” – ,Tech Insider •2020 Implied by Chris Urmson, Director of Self-Driving Cars at Google[x], in March 2015 at TED •“Google has put in more than 1.2 million miles with its test vehicles using software to drive themselves, and has estimated it could have a fully autonomous car ready for public roads by about 2020.” – ,Bloomberg.com •Similar to Volvo, Google believes Level 2/3 autonomy is an unsafe solution and not an endpoint. •“In May 2014, the company announced plans to test an extremely compact self-driving two-seater; a YouTube video shows a gray and white vehicle, a kind of ladybug on wheels, with an unusually facelike front grille. It won't have a steering wheel or brakes. Indeed, it's designed to go no faster than 25 mph, and appears intended for short runs on, say, college campuses, or in dense urban areas. (A Google spokesperson says the speed is capped at 25 mph for testing purposes.) What Google hasn't done, despite much publicity around its automotive efforts, is make any moves toward selling its self-driving car. "This is still a research project for them," insists Vogt. But Google has announced it will build 100 prototypes of that autonomous two-seater, working to refine its technology, and reports circulated in late 2014 that Google was seeking an automotive partner to bring that car to market, though it may take up to five years to do so. ” – ,Small Business Ideas and Resources for Entrepreneurs •“Google’s self-driving car team is expanding and hiring more people with automotive industry expertise, underscoring the company’s determination to move the division past the experimental stage.” •“The operation now employs at least 170 workers, according to a Reuters review of their profiles on LinkedIn” -,http://tmsnrt.rs/1oxX4Lg •“In the past four weeks (March 2016), Google has advertised nearly 40 new positions on the team, and many are related to manufacturing. The team currently has six people with such experience, including purchasing, supplier development and supply chain management.” •“Google’s team is being assembled by John Krafcik, an industry veteran who previously headed Hyundai’s U.S. operations and is an expert in product development and manufacturing. Krafcik joined Google in September 2015.” •“Paul Luskin, was hired last month as operations manager, according to his Linkedin profile. An engineer with stints at Jaguar Cars, Ford and Japanese supplier Denso Corp, Luskin most recently was president of Ricardo Defense Systems, a unit of Britain’s Ricardo PLC, according to the Linkedin profile. Google hired industry veteran Andy Warburton in July to head the vehicle engineering team, according to his Linkedin profile. Warburton spent two years as a senior engineering manager at Tesla and 16 years as an engineering manager at Jaguar. A third auto veteran, Sameer Kshisagar, joined Google in November as head of global supply management on the self-driving car team. Kshisagar is a manufacturing expert who previously worked for GM, according to his Linkedin profile.” •“Google has said previously that it intends to ready the technology for a marketable self-driving car by 2020, but it may never manufacture vehicles itself.” •“Krafcik and Chris Urmson, director of the car team, have said they want to forge partnerships with established automakers and others to build vehicles. Krafcik made a public pitch for alliances at an auto industry conference in Detroit in January.” •“The tech giant is more likely to contract out manufacturing – much like Apple does with iPhone – or to license technology to existing car manufacturers, automotive industry experts said. Licensing would follow the model Google has used with its Android operating system for mobile devices.” •“The tug-of-war over who controls – and profits from – the stream of user data in self-driving cars is ‘an inherent and fundamental conflict’ between Google and traditional automakers” - Raj Rajkumar, a Carnegie-Mellon University professor who advises companies on self-driving car development •“Instead, Google may choose to build its own engineering and design prototypes, then partner with a Chinese automaker or an Asian contractor such as Hon Hai Precision Industry’s Foxconn Technology Co that wants to enter the automotive field, several experts said.” •“Michael Tracy, a Michigan-based auto manufacturing consultant, said Google sees the potential of several different revenue streams from its self-driving technology, including licensing its mapping database and vehicle control software, as well as an integrated package of software, sensors and actuators that would form the backbone of a self-driving vehicle.” •“The least likely prospect is that Google will manufacture its own vehicles, Tracy said, due to the massive expenditures required and the stiff competition from established automakers.” - ,Tech News That Matters •“Google’s founder Sergey Brin has made it clear that the company plans to have its driverless cars on the market no later than 2018. At the signing ceremony for California’s autonomous vehicles law, he outlined Googles path towards commercialization of its driverless cars. Within 2013 Google plans to expand the number and users of their driverless cars to Google employees. Thereafter it will not take longer than 5 years to get the cars into the market. (Source: ,Driverless car market watch,, 2012-10-02)” – ,Gearing up to save lives, reduce costs, resource consumption Toyota: •“Toyota Motor Corp. is spending $1 billion to form a research institute focused on the artificial intelligence and robotics technology it needs to make cars that can overcome driver errors and reduce traffic fatalities.” •“The company will also work toward making it easier for elderly drivers to hang onto their keys in aging countries including Japan and the U.S., Toyota’s biggest markets. •“Toyota Research Institute will start operations in January, and the Japanese carmaker’s five-year initial investment will go toward setting up locations near Stanford University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.” •“The 2020 time frame has particular resonance for Japanese carmakers, as the companies want to showcase their progress toward self-driving in conjunction with Tokyo hosting the Olympics the same year.” – ,Bloomberg.com •“Traffic accidents involving the elderly are on the rise in Japan, contributing to the industry falling short of meeting a target for fewer than 2,500 road fatalities a year by 2018 set by the National Security Agency. That is even though traffic-related deaths have declined for a 14th straight year to 4,113 fatalities last year. About 30 percent of vehicles sold in the country now are equipped with driver-assistance features such as collision avoidance.” – ,Bloomberg.com •“Just this April, it also announced its ,third US university partnership, with an automotive engineering stalwart, the University of Michigan.” •“August 2016 has seen it double down on its university efforts, with a ,further $22M investment, to the University of Michigan to drive robotics and self-driving research. The company ,has targeted 2021, as a goal for deploying “AI car features” to the road. Read More: ,Wired,, ,Techcrunch,” - ,Venture Capital Database Honda: •“’We believe automated driving technology can greatly contribute to reducing on-road accident and ease congestion,’ Fumihiko Ike, head of the Japan Automobile Manufacturers Association and Honda chairman, said in a briefing on the car show this week [October 2015]. ‘By integrating automated driving technology with small-scale transport, Japan can overcome the challenges of having to establish full-scaled public transportation in thinly populated rural areas.’” – ,Bloomberg.com BMW: •“BMW will make semi-autonomous features standard in all their cars starting in 2020, but isn't rushing to develop a fully autonomous car.” •“BMW's all-electric i3 can already park itself and come back to pick you up when you're ready! But BMW is in no way rushing to be the first in the driverless car market. CEO Harald Krüger said in December that ,the company is holding off, on more advanced driverless features until they are sure they are completely safe.” •“BMW has tested its driverless tech on the racetrack and does currently offer some driver assistance features in its BMW 7 series model, such as automatic parking while the driver is at the wheel, the company is holding off on more advanced driverless features[…].” – ,Bloomberg.com Nissan: •“Nissan is committed to have a commercially viable autonomous car on the roads by 2020.” – ,Tech Insider, and ,Nissan USA: Innovation & Excitement For Everyone •“Nissan has been working to develop this technology alongside teams from some of the world's top universities, including MIT, Stanford, Oxford, Carnegie Mellon and the University of Tokyo. The combined research time equals 80 years of research and development, the kind of effort it takes to put Nissan at the forefront of this important development.” •“The building blocks of autonomous driving technology already exists in Nissan vehicles in the form of Nissan’s Safety Shield-inspired technologies. These technologies can monitor a nearly 360-degree view around a vehicle for risks, offering warnings to the driver and taking action to help avoid crashes if necessary.” •“The prototype car can drive autonomously on a highway, merging, passing and performing other typical driving maneuvers.” – ,Nissan USA: Innovation & Excitement For Everyone •“Nissan seeks a safer, more comfortable and environmentally friendly mobile future.” - Toshiyuki Shiga, Vice Chairman, Nissan Motor Co., Ltd., ,Nissan USA: Innovation & Excitement For Everyone Ford: •"When it comes to autonomous vehicles, we've been at this for over 10 years. We were part of the original ,Darpa contest, over 10 years ago. What we have said is, somebody by the end of this decade will probably have a Level 4 autonomous vehicle, [whereby] the driver does not have to step into a predefined area which has already been 3D-mapped. What we have said is, we may not be the first, but when we do, it will be true to our brand, which means accessibility. We want to make sure it's available to everyone, and not just folks who can afford luxury cars." ,Ford CEO Mark Fields recently told Business Insider,. •“Ford is tripling its fleet of Fusion Hybrid autonomous research vehicles this year – making the company’s fully autonomous vehicle fleet the largest of all automakers – and accelerating the development and testing of its virtual driver software in both urban and suburban environments” •“Ford will add 20 Fusion Hybrid autonomous vehicles, bringing the company's autonomous fleet to about 30 vehicles being tested on roads in California, Arizona and Michigan.” •“New fleet vehicles will use Velodyne’s advanced new Solid-State Hybrid Ultra PUCK™ Auto sensor, providing precision required for mapping and creating accurate, real-time 3D models of the surrounding environment, enhancing Ford’s software development and testing to handle a broader range of driving scenarios” •“Autonomous vehicles are part of Ford Smart Mobility, the plan to take the company to the next level in connectivity, mobility, autonomous vehicles, the customer experience, and data and analytics” - ,http://media.ford.com GM: •“General Motors will have a fleet of self-driving cars available for employee use in late 2016.” – ,Tech Insider •“GM ,bought self-driving car startup Cruise Automation, in March for $1 billion. But we have yet to hear a precise deadline on when it could be ready. ,GM also invested $500 million in Lyft, to build driverless on-demand cars.” – ,Tech Insider •“GENERAL MOTORS IS quietly developing autonomous vehicle technology and plans to have a fleet of self-driving Chevrolet Volts roaming the campus of its technical center in suburban Detroit next year (2016).” •“It plans to capitalize on that work with “Super Cruise,” a semi-autonomous feature that will let a car handle itself on the freeway. The feature is expected to appear on an unspecified Cadillac model next year. ” •“’You need embedded connectivity to make autonomous work. And that’s where General Motors has a lead,’ with nearly two decades of OnStar-equipped vehicles on the market. It’s moving from there to vehicle to vehicle communication, starting with two Cadillac models next year.” – Mary Barra •“And the Volt is a fitting car for the project: an electrified system makes it easier for engineers to tap into the controls, but more importantly, it’s the most forward-looking car in the GM stable. There’s a reason nearly every autonomous prototype out there is electric: When you’re talking bout one technology of the future, it makes sense to pair it with another.” - ,WIRED •“GM shares a common vision for the deployment of autonomous vehicles at a mass scale — a clear and vivid vision.” - Kyle Vogt, Cruise's founder and CEO (an autonomous vehicle startup acquired by GM for $1B this year) •“Cruise's 40 employees would remain in San Francisco but that the size of the team would be aggressively expanded.” •“Shared mobility is a very obvious place for GM to use Cruise's technology, Ammann said, as the automaker seeks to ‘fundamentally change the future of mobility.’” •“GM has also been developing its own semi-autonomous technology in-house, with its ,Super Cruise technology, slated to come to market on high-end Cadillac models in 2017. GM has said that the Cruise acquisition would have “no impact” on its Super Cruise launch, and has also detailed plans to hire ,700 engineers focused on autonomous R&D,. Read More: ,The Verge,, ,Bloomberg,” – ,Venture Capital Database •“Richard Holman, a 30-year automotive veteran running GM’s foresight and trends unit, said Tuesday that three years ago most industry participants would have estimated 2035 as a reasonable timetable for self-driving cars. Speaking to a conference in suburban Detroit, Mr. Holman said now most people see that technology being deployed by 2020, if not sooner.” – ,The Wall Street Journal & Breaking News, Business, Financial and Economic News, World News and Video Diamler: •“Daimler, the maker of the Mercedes-Benz, plans to have its driverless trucks ready by 2020.” •“In October, A ,Mercedes-Benz big-rig made history, by driving itself on a public road, marking the first time a big-rig drove semi-autonomously on a highway. Daimler said in 2015 that its driverless trucks are two to three years away from production, ,Daily Mail reported,.” •“’We want to be the first to launch autonomous functions in production vehicles. You can be sure we will accomplish that in this decade,’ Thomas Weber, Daimler head of development, ,said in 2013.,” – ,Tech Insider Audi: •“The automaker was the first company to receive an autonomous driving permit in Nevada in 2012 and California in 2014. ” – ,Tech Insider •“Audi is part of the ,German consortium, — including Daimler and BMW — that bought Nokia’s HERE precision mapping assets for $3.1B. HERE has also recently ,made strides, in their initiative to design an open specification for vehicle sensor data collected and transmitted by connected vehicles.” – ,Venture Capital Database Baidu: •“Baidu, a Beijing-based search company, is aiming to have a commercial model of its driverless car ready by 2018.” •“Baidu is aiming to have a commercial model of its driverless vehicle ready in just two years. The company plans to introduce self-driving shuttles that will be capable of driving in a designated loop in China by 2018.” – ,Tech Insider •“Baidu hasn’t decided whether its first autonomous vehicle will have a steering wheel” - Baidu’s chief scientist Andrew Ng, ,The Wall Street Journal & Breaking News, Business, Financial and Economic News, World News and Video •“Chinese search-engine giant Baidu Inc. Senior Vice President Wang Jing said Friday that the company plans to mass produce a driverless car in five years [2021]—so that babies born today won’t need a driver’s license.” – ,The Wall Street Journal & Breaking News, Business, Financial and Economic News, World News and Video Apple: •On […] "Late Show [with Stephen Colbert]" in September, Apple CEO Tim Cook dodged the subject entirely, only stating: ’We look at a number of things along the way, and we decide to really put our energies in a few of them.’” – ,Tech Insider •“Apple is building a self-driving car in Silicon Valley, and is scouting for secure locations in the San Francisco Bay area to test it, the Guardian has learned. Documents show the oft-rumoured ,Apple, car project appears to be further along than many suspected.” ,News, sport and opinion from the Guardian's US edition | The Guardian, August 2015 Honda: •“Honda has been building semi-autonomous functionality, including forward-collision warning, lane- departure warning and lane-keeping assist. These features are already being rolled out in Honda's Acuras and the Civic model year 2016, which costs about $22,000.” •“With the current roll-out of semi-autonomous functions, which it says will pave the way for full autonomy on highways by 2020, Honda says it differs from rivals, whose self-driving efforts have centered on their luxury models.” •"This is a unique differentiator for Honda ... who is committed to the concept of safety for everyone," said [Jim] Keller [chief engineer for Honda Research and Development Americas}. "Unless we democratize it across our lineup it will be just a niche." - ,Business & Financial News, Breaking US & International News | Reuters •“Honda has received approval from California to test autonomous vehicles on public streets (with restrictions on the number of vehicles and the testing methods). Like Apple, the automaker is also using the GoMentum Station proving ground, with 2,100 acres of testing area for its self-driving fleet. Honda also introduced ,semi-autonomous ADAS, (advanced-driver assistance systems) options on its entry-level Civic, offering lane-keeping, automatic braking, and adaptive cruise control functionality. These features are also available on luxury models (offered by brands like Tesla, BMW, etc.), but are notable on a vehicle with a $20,440 base price. Read More: ,Re/code,, ,San Francisco Business Times,, ,Engadget,, ,Honda Press Release,” – ,Venture Capital Database Hyundai: •“Hyundai sounded a ,more conservative note, last September. Its European head Thomas Schmid asserted that autonomous driving would come “by far not as quick as everyone says,” giving a timetable of 10 to 15 years. Nevertheless, the Korean motor group seems to be intensifying its efforts to compete in 2016, ramping up investments in AI and setting up ,a new business unit, to develop “hyper-connected” and self-driving cars in the near future.” – ,Venture Capital Database PSA: •“Just this April, the French PSA Groupe (including Peugeot, Citroën and DS) ,announced, that two Citroën cars had driven “eyes off” from Paris to Amsterdam. The vehicles navigated over 300 km (186 miles) without supervision on “authorized stretches” of road, with PSA claiming the cars had achieved Level 3 Automation in this mode. The “eyes off” mode is slated to arrive ,by 2021,, while semi-autonomous “hands off” modes will be available by 2020. These features, along with electric vehicles and new models, form the core of PSA’s broader “Push to Pass” growth strategy (including a return to the US). Read More: ,PSA Groupe,” – ,Venture Capital Database Volkswagen: •“In March 2016 VW Group CEO Matthias Muller announced that the board had just signed off on a huge ,autonomous driving initiative,, boldly claiming that their goal was to “[bring] these technologies to market faster than the competition.” The Group’s head of digitalization asserts that self-driving cars will be “commonplace” by 2025. Read More: ,Digital Trends,, ,V-Charge,, ,Reuters,” ,Venture Capital Database

Why do many people in Klang Valley not use public transport?

I read some of the answers here, and respectfully disagree with them. I feel in this sinkhole of smog we don't use public transport for a couple of reasons. But mainly because it is the least efficient. ONE. Rail does not make money. It is a service most governments provide to the public as part of their mandate. It is not supposed to make money. But here in Malaysia, whatever can be privatized to make money short term or monetized to provide income is done so. SO our Rail services depend on COMMERCIAL demand. RIght here on Quora, someone explained that the Japanese kept a rail line open so a girl could finish her high school. ONE SINGLE GIRL. The idea of service is lost on a ketuanan government. TWO Licensing, to give you a simple example, is a money-making venture for the government. That is why you pay yearly for it when it is lifetime in Singapore and Thailand. Your government is cheating you. Your unit trust approved service rates. Your car loan shenanigan calculation. Your housing loan dingbat interest mechanisms. All show heavy-handed crony company government approval. With that kind of oversight, seriously, what kind of service focus are you expecting from KTM, Star, LRT, MRT, etc? IF they were serious, they would all use the same ticket mechanism and at least meet in one place. Just ask around and see if a particular someone will forever make money from PLUS going to the airport since they are not using rail. I kid you not. THREE CARS. Let's face it. The Government wants you to buy CARS. And USE PETROL. That is why you don't see tiny little Toyota cars and MPV and SUVs with diesel engines. Diesel is totally imported and Petronas doesn't get a cut. Imported cars are taxed starting at 100%. That means a $50, 000 car is going to cost you $100, 000 without all other taxes and leakages and interest costs piled in. Let's say we make a local equivalent. We cant make it for $50, 000 for sure, we are probably looking at around $60, 000 to $65, 000 per unit. We lack scale, we are not as good, we are not as efficient, etc etc. You think they will sell you that local car at $70, 000? No. They will sell you that car at $95, 000 because of the imported car price threshold. So, the jams are exactly what the government wants. When you are stuck in a jam, you use up 250% more fuel. You starting to realize now why your government wants to limit the number of years taxis, busses, and private cars can be used for the road? I saw 50-year-old Len Seng buses plying the road in perfect condition. Prasarana built RapidKL buses and trains have about a 5-year lifespan. They want you to buy….. excise duty makes them a lot of money, for which they give you NOTHING. Alhamdulilah…… FOUR Petronas Twin Tower. IF your government is serious about public transport, do you think they would force buildings to provide enough parking instead of paying a fine? (Parking lots are prime real estate). Likewise, with Petronas Twin Tower putting out 20, 000 cars per hour at rush hour, do you think they bothered to solve the issue with roads that can handle it? The fact that they put the TRX monstrosity in an area that has single lane access should tell you if they have a serious focus problem. Look at all the commercial development you know. Doesn't it look like such a wonderful opportunity to create a lifetime income stream for the government because of parking fines and towing and etc? FIVE Maintenance. You want to know if the Government is serious about your needs? Look at four things. Public Toilets. Special Needs and Senior Citizen activities. Health Care. Public Transport. Education. And I am telling you, our Ketuanan politicians, the special privilege people, are more keen to keep their jobs than to do their jobs, Inshallah. But let's stick to transport. How do I know they are not interested in maintaining anything? Simple, there is money to be made buying new stuff. Helicopters. Bulletproof fast Attack ESSCOM boats. Busses. Trains. Trucks. Cars. Etc. EVERY 5 years or so. A good example to show why they are not maintenance centric is RapikKL Feeder busses. They come in 11 and 9-meter lengths…thereabouts. By right if you are buying a fleet for the whole country you would want to choose a solid brand with both models, whose principal is willing to train your trainers, set up a service center in your facility, stock it in parts, indent of course. etc etc. Make sense? What DID BN do? 200 buses from Man. 200 buses from Volvo. 200 buses from Daewoo, if I remember correctly.. and 200 buses with a KingLoong frame, Yuchai Engine, and an Allison Transmission…. etc etc. Can you imagine being the fleet manager? SIX Penalties On Single Passenger Cars entering high traffic areas. Big shots with motorcades. No more Official Car. And pay tax on it like the benefit that it is. As for density charges on roads, Touch and Go can settle this. Lower Road tax. Charge a congestion charge. PLAN decent logistics. It is not difficult. It just takes political will. We live in a country where every year we have a drought. We have fire. We have haze. We have floods. And every year we sit on our arse wondering what we should do. If we can see Covered Bike Lanes that run under overhead highways. Pedestrian facilities like rest areas/washrooms/showers. Kiss and Go parking for those biking into town, free buses for out of towners who park in the city fringe. The list goes on. SEVEN Tax-Free Motorcycles. Those little CupChai things we ride? They aren't bikes. They are mopeds. Bikes under 500cc should be tax-free for those who have no cars. Imagine a welder living in Kajang and working in Rawang. The Cupchai will last 2 years. And with more bikes ( Without 2T engines) we have higher capacity for areas not accessible by bus. Ditto electric skateboards, scooters, bicycles and bikes, ATVs…… plus the amenities to handle them. Companies can offer incentives to public transport staff or arrange ride-sharing. EIGHT Backups. How difficult is this? I see 70-year-old men in bars with a backup wife. Why can't we have a decent amount of backup vehicles in rail and on the road? Why is it when a bus or train breaks down, we have to wait for the next scheduled run? Have any of you seen how it works just south of our ketuanan principles in Singapore? IF Air Asia worked like public transport in Malaysia, it would end up like Rayani Air. And those are the reasons I think people don't use public transport. finally, a public service message for those who can lower our enjoyment of public transport drastically, those mentioned before notwithstanding.

Dear car enthusiasts from the rest of Europe plus the UK, Australia/NZ, India, Indonesia, Philippines, Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, and South Africa: Should Subaru hypothetically acquire and push 'Isuzu' to bankruptcy like Saab and British Leyland?

I am a foreigner here, but I will showcase you the details coming from the link I sourced this question I made by myself: === Diesel's downfall spelled the end of Toyota-Isuzu alliance - Nikkei Asia “,Breakup to hasten reorganization in commercial vehicle industry,” “,NAGOYA, Japan -- The global retreat from diesel fuel has prompted Toyota Motor and Isuzu Motors to end a 12-year partnership as both automakers recalibrate their growth strategies.,” “,"There were no gains from the capital tie-up," Koichi Seto, an Isuzu senior executive officer, told a press briefing on Aug. 3. "There is no overlap between the companies lately.",” “,The two Japanese automakers formed a capital tie-up in November 2006 to jointly develop a 1.6-liter diesel engine for small passenger cars in Europe. Isuzu is strong in diesel technology, an area where Toyota hoped to improve through the partnership. But Toyota would soon shift its focus to hybrid vehicles, bringing joint development to an end.,” “,After that, the pair rarely exchanged engineers. Toyota has since accelerated reviews of its operations and costs, including its investments in other companies. "We completely re-evaluated our strategic stockholdings," said one Toyota executive.,” “,Stronger regulations against diesel in such markets as the U.K., France and China were likely behind the decision, although Seto denies that played a factor. Starting this year, Toyota will no longer sell new passenger cars with diesel engines in Europe.,” “,Toyota will proceed with truck and bus development through subsidiary Hino Motors. Hino has already developed a hybrid truck and in April began studying joint development of diesel and electric vehicles with Volkswagen's bus and truck segment.,” “,Toyota views commercial vehicles as a touchstone for next-generation technologies because they operate on designated routes, making advancements in electrification and automated driving easy to introduce. Hino's partnership with Volkswagen will be key to the commercial vehicle segment, which is a crucial part of the group's overall strategy.,” “,Isuzu, meanwhile, is looking for a new collaborator as the only major Japanese producer of commercial vehicles without a European partner. Mitsubishi Fuso Truck and Bus is backed by Daimler, and UD Trucks by Volvo.,” “,There are companies that want to team up with Isuzu, according to industry insiders, due to the automaker's technological prowess in light trucks and strength in Southeast Asia. The end of the partnership with Toyota also presents greater opportunity for foreign automakers to approach Isuzu.,” “,But the business environment around commercial vehicles is tough. Daimler has a technological driver in Mitsubishi Fuso while Volkswagen and Hino hold an advantage over Isuzu. Chinese automakers like FAW Group and Dongfeng Motor Group also hold five of the top 10 global market shares thanks to climbing sales in a vast home market.,” “,There is a ceiling on Isuzu's technological advancement given its limited funds. Although the company worked on state-led projects like automated commercial vehicles with Hino, the latter's announcement of a potential comprehensive partnership with Volkswagen has clouded prospects for future cooperation.,” “,Isuzu is accelerating its search for a partner to help defray investment in next-generation technology. "We will look outside the auto industry and consider information technology companies as well," said President Masanori Katayama, referring to the company's early stage efforts to develop automated driving and electrification systems.,” “,Isuzu's net profit climbed 16% on the year to 38.1 billion yen ($343 million) in the April-June quarter. Despite brisk earnings now, it will be difficult for a smaller automaker like Isuzu to survive on its own in the long run without some collaboration with larger peers. A 35-year capital tie-up with General Motors ended in 2006, with Isuzu then teaming with Toyota. As that relationship draws to a close, a new potential partner has yet to appear.,” - source: ,Diesel's downfall spelled the end of Toyota-Isuzu alliance - Nikkei Asia === As for the case of Saab’s demise: “,Saab Automobile AB (/sɑːb/) was a car manufacturer that was founded in Sweden in 1945 when its parent company, Saab AB, began a project to design a small automobile. The first production model, the Saab 92, was launched in 1949. In 1968 the parent company merged with Scania-Vabis, and ten years later the Saab 900 was launched, in time becoming Saab's best-selling model. In the mid-1980s the new Saab 9000 model also appeared.,” “,In 1989, the automobile division of Saab-Scania was restructured into an independent company, Saab Automobile AB. The American manufacturer General Motors (GM) took 50 percent ownership. Two well-known models to come out of this period were the Saab 9-3 and the Saab 9-5. Then in 2000, GM exercised its option to acquire the remaining 50 percent. In 2010 GM sold Saab Automobile AB to the Dutch automobile manufacturer Spyker Cars N.V.,” “,After many years establishing a sound engineering reputation and ultimately a luxury price tag, Saab failed to build its customer base beyond its niche following. After struggling to avoid insolvency throughout 2011, the company petitioned for bankruptcy following the failure of a Chinese consortium to complete a purchase of the company; the purchase had been blocked by the former owner GM, which opposed the transfer of technology and production rights to a Chinese company. On 13 June 2012, it was announced that a newly formed company called National Electric Vehicle Sweden (NEVS) had bought Saab Automobile's bankrupt estate. According to "Saab United", the first NEVS Saab 9-3 drove off its pre-production line on 19 September 2013. Full production restarted on 2 December 2013, initially the same gasoline-powered 9-3 Aero sedans that were built before Saab went bankrupt, and intended to get the automaker's supply chain reestablished as it attempted development of a new line of NEVS-Saab products. NEVS lost its license to manufacture automobiles under the Saab name (which the namesake aerospace company still owns) in the summer of 2014 and now produces electric cars based on the Saab 9-3 but under its own new car designation "NEVS".,” - source: ,Saab Automobile - Wikipedia === As well as for the story of BL aka British Leyland: “,British Leyland was an automotive engineering and manufacturing conglomerate formed in the United Kingdom in 1968 as British Leyland Motor Corporation Ltd (BLMC), following the merger of Leyland Motors and British Motor Holdings. It was partly nationalised in 1975, when the UK government created a holding company called British Leyland, later renamed BL in 1978. It incorporated much of the British-owned motor vehicle industry, which in 1968 had a 40 percent share of the UK car market, with roots going back to 1895.,” “,Despite containing profitable marques such as Jaguar, Rover and Land Rover, as well as the best-selling Mini, British Leyland had a troubled history, leading to its eventual collapse in 1975 and subsequent part-nationalisation.,” “,After much restructuring and divestment of subsidiary companies, BLMC was renamed as the Rover Group in 1986, becoming a subsidiary of British Aerospace from 1988 to 1994, then subsequently being bought by BMW. The final surviving incarnation of the company as the MG Rover Group went into administration in 2005, bringing mass car production by British-owned manufacturers to an end. MG and the Austin, Morris and Wolseley marques became part of China's SAIC, with whom MG Rover attempted to merge prior to administration.,” “,Today, Mini, Jaguar Land Rover and Leyland Trucks (now owned by BMW, Tata Motors and Paccar, respectively) are the three most prominent former parts of British Leyland which are still active in the automotive industry, with SAIC-owned MG Motor continuing a small presence at the Longbridge site. Certain other related ex-BL businesses, such as Unipart, continue to operate independently.,” - source: ,British Leyland - Wikipedia === Now, to the question why should ,Subaru, purchase and dragoon ,Isuzu, to bankruptcy just like the aforementioned European, plus [one is] British, car manufacturers: Because, as I have mentioned that ,Isuzu, deeply focuses on the development of ,diesel engines for cars, and ,lorries/trucks plus buses, of all sizes, especially with the ,electrification of cars, are still ongoing, therefore the acquisition, ,cessation,, and reorganisation of ,Isuzu, into the orbit of ,Subaru, could mean for the ,[Subaru] Forester, manufacturer and its eponymous parent - the ,Subaru Corporation, - to boost its profits - plus revenues - and even businesses… That means, with ,Subaru’s revenue being ¥2,950,000 million, while ,Isuzu’s revenue being ¥1,800,000 million,, perhaps expecting the ,Subaru, car manufacturing company to take over ,Isuzu, before dragging them [Isuzu] to dissolution a la Saab and BL would mean for Scooby - a nickname for Subaru within Britain - to go down with a revenue of ¥1,150,000 million. as a result. But to the opposite of that, expecting Subaru to buy and kill off Isuzu’s businesses might rather save Subaru and its revenues. Especially it could also benefit Subaru from access to a number of markets where Isuzu is deeply big, such as the rest of Southeast Asia, India, Australia/New Zealand, and as well as South Africa… === See also, for you to leave such answers to these questions I made by myself: What do Quora users abroad think of an article coming from Malaysia's Paul Tan titled "Nissan COO Gupta on post-Ghosn recovery"? So, why shouldn't the Hyundai Motor Group acquire and treat the GT-R maker like Chrysler when they were under Daimler AG? Dear car enthusiasts: What is 'Ssangyong'? So, if Nissan is a certain brand who makes smaller pickups, then why Hyundai/Kia neither builds one? Plus, shouldn't the Santa Fe maker take over 'Nissan' just to licence the Navara/Frontier for development? Only for Quora users from Europe plus the Nordics, Republic of Ireland, Malta, Cyprus, and Britain: What is the Naver Corporation? Is it an Asian - either Japanese, Korean, or Indian - version of Google? Plus, what are terms 'chaebol' and 'keiretsu'? With 'mediocre' Honda already planned to leave Formula One at the end of 2021, then why shouldn't 'booming' Hyundai compete in F1 until they would licence either Renault, Benz, or Ferrari engines? Plus, why don't Hyundai take over 'Nissan' as well? Why is Hyundai and not Nissan now playing big in the Eurocentric World Rally Championship, but following their successes, why shouldn't Kia enter the WRC series just to keep the i20 maker in company? Plus, why don't Hyundai take over Nissan as well? How come Mitsubishi Motors, now a Nissan affiliate, supplied parts to Hyundai before they took over Kia Motors circa 1998? But in addition, why shouldn't the Santa Fe/Sorento maker purchase and treat the GT-R developer like Opel for being a Vauxhall? Alternate histories: If Nissan should have purchased and made Mitsubishi, Isuzu, and Mazda bankrupt, as none of the former are relevant. What if the GT-R maker swapped their parts with the mechanicals Mitsubishi also supplied to Hyundai's later cars? Why the likes of Hyundai/Kia and not Nissan, as well as Subaru, are winning in hydrogen-powered cars? Why don't the Nexo/Niro builder purchase and treat the GT-R maker like Opel-Vauxhall? Thus, help Nissan benefit from access to Hyundai's parts bin. Only for the rest of Europe, UK, Ireland, Australia/NZ, and Israel: Are the Hyundai Kona and Kia Stonic better buys than Nissan's Juke? Furthermore, why don't Hyundai took over and treat Nissan like Vauxhall for selling rebadged Opel cars in Britain? Only for Indian car enthusiasts: Does the Tata Group, Tata Motors' parent company, have more revenues than Japan's Suzuki and its Maruti subsidiary? Moreover, why couldn't the Indian giant purchase and close down the Swift maker's car building unit? Are Hyundai/Kia, Nissan, and Subaru cars reliable and affordable than Rolls-Royce and Mini? So, why don't Subaru purchase and close down the Cullinan and Mini Cooper makers' businesses? Thus, shouldn't Hyundai buy and treat Nissan like Opel-Vauxhall? If the Hyundai Motor Group purchases and treats Nissan like Europe's Opel for selling their cars as a 'Vauxhall' in the UK market, then why couldn't Renault replace the GT-R manufacturer with the Fisker electric car company as one of their partners? Only for European, British/Irish, Australian/NZ, Indian, and South African car enthusiasts: If India's Tata Motors merges with Toyota, could the Tata Group acquire and close down Suzuki's automotive unit while killing off Jaguar/Land Rover like Saab? Only for Indian car fans: In spite of their deal with Suzuki, if 'overrated' Toyota had already took over 'underrated' Tata Motors. Then, why don't the Vitara developer's automotive unit put themselves to bankruptcy just to benefit Tata for example? And, here is an image I displayed for you to know: Isuzu Trooper. Mk2 model, rebadged by Subaru as the “Subaru Bighorn” exclusively for the Japan market only,. - ,Genda Nicolai Yturzaeta Iwakawa/awakawI ateazrutY ialociN adneG

Is it safe to buy Eicher Motors shares now?

Fundamental analysis of Eicher Motors Limited (EML) Business segments (1) Royal Enfield Image source: ,“Google images” Eicher Motors Limited (EML) is the owner of the iconic Royal Enfield brand. Royal Enfield is the World’s oldest motorcycle brand in continuous production since 1901 and it is mainly focused on ,mid-size motorcycles (250 cc-750 cc). ,Their products are sold in India and 50 countries globally through exclusive stores and dealers. Royal Enfield with its motorcycle combines modern-day elements with the brand’s heritage, garners immense enthusiasm amongst ,global motorcyclists. Portfolio Motorcycles - Bullet, Classic, Thunderbird, Himalayan, Interceptor 650, Continental GT 650 (2) VE (Volvo group and Eicher motors) commercial Vehicles Image source: ,“Google images” VE Commercial Vehicles (VECV) designs, manufactures and markets reliable, fuel-efficient trucks and buses. EML’s joint venture VE Commercial Vehicles (VECV) with Sweden’s AB Volvo has pioneered the modernization of commercial vehicles in India and other developing countries. Portfolio Eicher branded 3.5-4.9 tonnes, Light Medium Duty Trucks (5-15 tonnes), Heavy Duty Trucks (16- 49 tonnes) and buses, Volvo trucks Competitive strength Eicher Motors is known for its cult motorcycle brand - Royal Enfield Bullet. Royal Enfield is the global brand in the mid-sized motorcycle segment Eicher Motors Limited (EML) occupies ,95% share in the mid-size motorcycle segment and 29.4% market share in domestic Light to Medium Duty (LMD) segment Eicher Motors has low debt and zero promoter pledge Eicher Motors has 915 exclusive stores in India There are 42 exclusive Royal Enfield stores across ,UK, Colombia, USA, Mexico, UAE, France, Spain, Indonesia, Thailand, Philippines, Australia, New Zealand, Portugal, Malaysia, Brazil, Vietnam, and Argentina The company has an effective low-cost supply chain and distribution Weakness The company faces domestic competition from its top competitors Bajaj Auto, Hero Motocorp, Jawa motorcycles, Ashok Leyland and Mahindra & Mahindra The company is also facing competition from new international entrants like Harley Davidson, Benelli There is a major fall in Trailing Twelve Months (TTM) profit due to economic slowdown and pandemic Management Eicher Motors Limited (EML) has seen robust management over the decades. Mr. ,Siddhartha Lal is the Managing Director, of Eicher Motors. He also has been the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of Royal Enfield and the chairman of VE commercial vehicles, a joint venture between Volvo Group and Eicher Motors. He was the one who helped revive the company’s fortune and ,strengthened stakeholders’ interest and involvement, with the brand. Share price levels of Eicher Motors Screenshot source: ,“Trading view” From the above graph, we can see that the stock has outperformed both the indices (Sensex and Nifty) since the company has been listed in NSE and BSE. Lifetime high of Eicher Motors: ,Rs. 32617 52 week high of Eicher Motors: ,Rs. 23450 52 week low of Eicher Motors: ,Rs. 12450 Market capitalization: ,Rs. 47373 crores Currently, Eicher Motors is trading at 17000 levels. However, in the last three years, Eicher motors have been in the downtrend. Eicher Motors was trading at Rs.12000 on April 3, 2020. From that level, it is showing strength now. Reasons for the fall in share price in the last three years Poor quarterly results in 2019 New competition from Jawa motorcycles Fall in demand led down by a slowdown in the economy Not only Eicher motors, but the whole automobile sector have also been in a downtrend over the last few years Recent news screenshot source: ,“Business standard” The company announced and approved a stock split plan to increase liquidity and to make the shares more affordable to retail investors. ,Eicher motors board approved 10 for 1 stock split. The company will split each share of Rs. 10 into 10 equity shares of the face value of Rs. 1 each. What is a stock split? When a company announces a stock split, the number of outstanding shares of the company increases but the market capitalization remains constant. Shareholding pattern of Eicher Motors Now let us look into the numbers of Eicher Motors based on four aspects namely growth, cash flow, liquidity, and profitability Growth Inferences Total sales of the company have seen a continuous increase of ,8.34% CAGR, in the last 10 years Operating income has increased by ,23% CAGR, in the last 10 years Net profit has increased by ,27.8% CAGR ,in the last 10 years Eicher Motors had excellent growth history Liquidity Eicher Motors is virtually a debt-free company The debt to equity of the company was at 0.43 in 2008 and the current debt to equity ratio of the company is just 0.01. It shows us that the company has significantly reduced its debt level and it is financed by equity capital alone The current ratio of the company is ,3.15, which shows that the company has sufficient current assets to meet the short term obligations Cash flow The company has been maintaining positive cash flows over the last 10 years (except 2011 and 2012). Having a positive cash flow is a big plus for the company Thus, Eicher motors had a strong cash flow Profitability The current Return on Equity (ROE) and Return On Capital Employed (ROCE) of the company is 27.63% and 40.59% respectively. Also, the company has been maintaining a solid ROCE% of more than 30 over the last 10 years. Thus, Eicher motors have been profitable for shareholders. Price valuation The current P/E ratio of the company is 25.2 which is below its all-time median level of 26.4, 5-year median level of 41.3, 3-year median level of 29.3 This shows that the company is trading at undervalued levels now Overall, Eicher motors look like an undervalued company with strong fundamentals. Once the company begins its full operations, we can see an increase in sales and profit of the company and it is safe to buy and add Eicher motors at every dip Thanks for reading! I have used excel to draw the charts and data is taken from the screener blog Please upvote if you like my analysis. Your one upvote would encourage me to do more such analysis and write more answers on Quora I have also analyzed Asian paints, ITC, Hindustan Unilever, Jain irrigation systems, Jubilant FoodWorks, Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) and Pidilite in past Please do let me know which stock you want me to analyze. Click here on my profile, to connect with me Assuring you all a good Return On Investment (ROI) on the time you spend on my Quora answers

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