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s max adaptive cruise control Post Review

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@elonmusk adaptive cruise control on my S (AP1, V10) reads the 80 sign but speeds up to 150 km/h (and shows max speed 150) when I pull the lever?

@AadNoman weer mooi op tijd thuis met max 62,8m/s (adaptive cruise control) Was wel een mooi dagje #inovativ

s max adaptive cruise control Q&A Review

What happens to a car's engine if it is continuously driven well below its maximum speed?

When I started driving, the majority of cars sold in my country had a top speed of between 70 and 80 mph. My first car maxed out at 65 mph. The 70 mph speed limit was brought in for safety reasons at it was then considered a reasonable speed. Jump forward 50 years. There have been tremendous improvements in car safety. Disc brakes, power braking, ABS, DSC, radial tyres, seat belts, air bags, crumple zones, adaptive cruise control. Etc etc. My current car has a top speed of 150 mph and is festooned with a myriad of safety devices. Yet ,still ,I'm only permitted to drive at the same speed as I was in my 1950’s car 50 years back. At the legal speed limit, the engine in my current car is doing 2100 rpm. It only ever turns more than that when I'm accelerating hard, which can only be for a few seconds at a time. The car has done nearly 100,000 miles now, with apparently no ill effect. So I assume it's designed to be driven like that.

Why was the US Air Force B-58 Hustler never adapted for conventional strikes even though other strategic deterrence aircraft like the stealthy B-2 Spirit and B-52 were?

The exotic Convair B-58A ,Hustler ,was designed from the wheels up to fly a mission which Soviet missiles soon rendered obsolete: a sprint over the USSR at immense altitude—60,000 feet—at immense speed— twice the speed of sound—to drop an immense one megaton bomb. Hustler was purpose-built to deliver nuclear weapons, period., Conventional bombs were considered and tested on the B-58A and rejected. This bomber simply wasn’t the right platform. (We use that word a lot these days, don’t we.) The B-58A’s nuclear bomb delivery was by a one-of-a-kind external pod system. Why no bomb bay? Because ,Hustler’s ,slender fuselage was of the pinched “Coke bottle” shape required for supersonic flight. No room for a bomb bay. The numbers below correspond with those in the photo above: This lower pod component contained fuel. It would be jettisoned when its fuel was exhausted on the bomb run. The upper weapons component. It typically contained a one megaton Mark 53 thermonuclear bomb. Later, four nuclear bombs were added on external pylons. These were “dial-a-yield” nuclear bombs with five settings from .3 kilotons to 3 kilotons. Above the three crewmen in the photo is the tail-mounted cannon and its fire-control radome. That black pad is cannon ammo. So, exactly why were conventional strikes virtually impossible for ,Hustler,? In a word, its design was ,inflexible,. Lets look at designs of the other strategic bombers in the American arsenal: The subsonic Boeing B-52 has unequaled flexibility—which is why it’s still serving after an astonishing 67 years. Think of it as a couple of eighteen wheeler trucks with wings. It can carry a wide array of weapons both nuclear and conventional. In Viet Nam it dropped a staggering ,7 million tons ,of conventional bombs. That’s, twice, the tonnage in all WWII. It has dropped exactly one nuclear bomb—a 15 megaton hydrogen—at a 1956 Bikini Atoll nuclear test. Deploying cruise missiles, it can safely stand off 700 miles from its targets. Originally a high altitude penetrator like B-58, its massive, flexing wings allow it to fly at tree-top altitude to evade radar. And B-52 is relatively easy to maintain. The Northrop Grumman B-2 is also subsonic with nuclear / conventional capabilities ,and ,it lurks behind a stealthy exterior. However, this radar-absorbing skin is also its Achilles heel: every hour of flight requires hours of expensive maintenance. And that skin is easily sunburnt. So each bomber (USAF has 20) must hang out in its own well-appointed, air conditioned hangar at Whiteman AFB, Missouri, B-2 ’s home base. Finally, the swing-wing Rockwell / Boeing B-1B. It was born a nuclear bomber with ,Hustler’s, dash and lumbering B-52’s range. But when the Soviet Union imploded in 1989,, ,the nuclear arming mechanisms were removed from all B-1B bomb bays by treaty obligation. It’s now a purely conventional bomber. The “bone” (pilots’ nickname from B-One) will begin retiring in 2025. Now I’d like to go beyond the Question to give the reader a fuller picture of this unique war plane, the Convair B-58A ,Hustler,. Its test program was difficult: five of the, ,first, ,20 prototypes crashed. Even, Hustler ,fans agreed it was rushed into production before it was ready. Bear in mind that this Mach 2 bomber, ,flew just ,ten years ,after the first American jet—the plodding, 375 mph Bell-XP 59 (below) B-58’s pilots readily acknowledge that its 60 degree swept delta wing made it a beast to handle. It landed at over 200 knots. A 747 lands at 130 knots. Nevertheless, pilots came to be fond of ,Hustler. ,There is even a B-58 Association, still active decades after the bomber served in the Strategic Air Command (SAC). The head of SAC, ,General Curtis LeMay,, was ,not ,a B-58 fan. He cited its range, grousing that it was a great bomber—if you were going to war with Canada. And its maintenance bill did not please LeMay either: two B-58 wings cost as much to maintain as, six, B-52 wings. The blame for B-58′s less-than-reliable nav and bombing avionics rested with its ,vacuum tube, technology. Cooled by the plane’s less-than-reliable air conditioning, the equipment would overheat, fill the navigator’s cockpit with smoke and sometimes fail altogether. And above all, there was B-58’s disastrous accident rate. The Air Force started with 116 bombers and lost 26. That 22% attrition rate was unsustainable. 36 crew were killed. Desperate to extend ,Hustler’s ,service life, Convair engineers dreamed up a scheme whereby a B-58B “mothership” would carry a Mach 4 parasite called FISH (First Invisible Super Hustler) The Air Force passed. B-58A served from 1960 to 1970. It set 19 world speed records, including a window-rattling (shattering?) NYC-Los Angeles-NYC round trip in 4 hours 41 minutes. And, in 1963, it flew ,the longest entirely supersonic flight ,(subsonic during five aerial refuelings) On that flight, Major Sidney Kubesch piloted ,Greased Lightning, from Tokyo to London—8,028 miles—in 8 hours, 35 minutes, 20.4 seconds, averaging 938 mph. Other than being washed and waxed for the occasion, ,Lightning, was an unmodified “line” bomber. And, no, the SR-71 Black Bird did not steal ,Hustler’s, record. As of 2020, it still stands. “Guys, have you ever wondered what SAC pays for broken windows?” Convair B-58A, Hustler,’s specifications: Dimensions: Wing span……….56 ft. 10 in (17.32 m) * ,Compare to B-52’s vast 185 ft span. Length:……………96 ft. 9 in (29.49 m) Height:……………31 ft. 5 in (9.58 m) Wing Area:………1,542 sq ft (470 sq m) Weights: Empty:…………...55,560 lb (25,201 kg) Max Take off……163,000 lb (73,935 kg) Performance: Max Speed: …….1,321 mph (2,125 km/h) @ 63,150 ft (19,248 m) Combat Ceilng..63,150 ft (19,248 m) Record Ceiling:.85,360 ft (26,017 m) Combat Radius: 1,750 miles (2,816 km) 5,577 miles (8,975 km) with inflight refueling Powerplant: Four General Electric J79-GE-1, ,turbojet engines rated at 10,500 static thrust (bomber stationary) or 16,000 static thrust with afterburners. Armament: Single, tail-mounted General Electric T-171E3 Vulcan 20 mm rotary cannon. Hustler showing off its ordinance: tail “stinger,” pylon bombs and Mk 53 megaton bomb, just visible as an orange/white line above fuel pod. . . . . ,. . . . [1182.276]

Since Tesla has demonstrated full autonomous driving and is already shipping cars that can be fully autonomous under certain conditions, why do so many still say that self-driving cars are impossible?

Hi, Thanks for the A2A. It only take one mistake to make an autonomous car fail!!! There are 1000’s of tests designed and multiple road tests done. Hours and hours for driving data has been collected. But all it will take for a project to be called as failure will be one mistake and it could be as simple as ‘ car stuck due to object in front’, which could be a balloon ! Partial autonomous cars are already existing just not called as such. A car with adaptive cruise control and lane maintenance can drive you for very long without intervention. Yes the lane maintenance has to be aggressive. What Tesla demonstrated was a step further, over taking, specially. But assume you are on the highway, in the middle lane, at max speed limit, why do you need to overtake. Then the above mentioned 2 technologies are already sufficient. Moving on, the biggest issue I see right now is with navigating and finding a parking spot. now this has been demonstrated in controlled environments a long time back. But I still say navigation as sometimes a road may be blocked and the navigation might not pick it up correctly. This happened to me, there was a portion of highway closed so there was a detour sign at the closest exit, my navigation had already picked it up. After taking the exit, it was telling me to go off-road and rejoin the same highway. I tried doing that, but unfortunately there was construction on going and cars couldn’t pass but the navigation didn’t pick it up. No matter how much I tried to reroute all options led me to that very path. I tried setting a nearby village as a stop over destination, fastest route, economical route, etc etcetc. At last I had to set the next 100 kms of my journey one town after the other as stopover else it would tell me to take a you turn to go back to that closed road. Basically there was a road blocked and it was updated on the maps but only the sign was updated and not the actual road block. Here an autonomous would be stuck going back to that same road and it’s not at fault. So for a completely autonomous vehicle we would require huge infrastructure development, which is frankly going to take some time!

Which, if any, car manufacturer has adaptive cruise control that can be adjusted by the driver for vehicle interval?

Tesla has Traffic-Aware Cruise Control (TACC) that’s part of their Autopilot system. The vehicle interval adjustment isn’t literal car lengths, the TACC following distance varies with speed (as it should) and you pick a value between 1 (close) and 7 (far back). The system works down to 0 mph like Honda, a Tesla will smoothly slow all the way to a complete stop and then start right back up in stop-and-go traffic without getting distracted, it’s a huge stress-reliever. For metro Atlanta freeway traffic it’s “1” and “Mad Max” and even that’s a bit too timid at times. I’m fairly certain the Tesla Model S and Model X are the same.

As a proud owner of a Tesla car for at least 2 years, do you think the car is worth the hype, and why?

Yes, but with reservations. On the plus side, my car is swift, silent and sexy. I love the big control screen and the speed-changing Adaptive Cruise Control, and watching the steering wheel move back and forth as the car steers itself is totally cool, like The Invisible Man is my chauffeur. It’s so quiet, I can sneak up on dogs in it. As updated programming comes available, it is downloaded to my car through my house’s wi-fi. But like everything else, it has drawbacks. For me, two big ones are price and range. My Model S is effective and comfortable, but I could have bought a REALLY luxurious gasoline car for way less than what I paid for The Aluminum Falcon. In fact, the Tesla cost more than the total price of every car I’ve owned previously. As for range, it’s not really a problem, as the longest trip I take regularly is within the battery pack’s range. However, my experience has been that the range figures advertised by Tesla are very optimistic; my car is supposed to have a max range of just over 300 miles, but I’ve never gotten more than about 265 with the battery charged all the way to 100%. The range figures are usually calculated by driving a perfectly-configured car in a lab or on a special track, rather than on the open highway. And according to my car’s range chart, you have to keep the car at 50–55MPH to get the max range. Very few Tesla drivers do this. Would I buy a Tesla again? Yes, but probably not another Model S, not at the price I paid for my current one. Now that the lower-priced Model 3 and Model X are available, I’d more likely get one of those instead. On the other hand, Tesla recently announced a much less expensive version of the Model S will soon be available, perhaps due to increased competition from other EV manufacturers. So maybe another supercar is in my future after all.

What are some disadvantages to owning a Tesla electric car?

The good, the bad, and the ugly. I’m a fairly recent proud owner of my Model S P100D, but I do a lot city traffic driving, as well as some 2.5k miles + return journeys. TLDR Model S: ,Expensive to buy, extremely cheap to own, under warranty, at least so far (~12 months). Amazing to drive, somewhat poor quality car in terms of luxury compared to other cars in its price range. Software is amazing, autopilot above any other car. Should you buy a Model S/P100D? Yes if you’re after a toy, otherwise buy a Model 3 instead, or a fleet of them. P100D is for adult children with more adrenaline rush than sense(yours truly). High spec Teslas simply aren’t worth the money, unless you’re a very very confident driver and you want to win every traffic light drag race. If you still want one but don’t care about performance, buy cheap,, even if you want more, benefit won’t scale, and you’ll still have a car faster than 98% of all other cars, sports cars included. 4.2 seconds in a Model 3 AWD is on par with a Mercedes AMG Sedan, a Bentley GT pre 2019, etc. Futuristic: ,The most amazing realisation when you own a Tesla is that electric will become standard. For now, it’s very expensive, because scaling up and doing R&D costs money. There are problems for sure, the charging network, the service industry, the speed of charge, the cost, and so on. But it’s so incredibly obvious electric cars are so vastly ahead as a mass market product, there’s simply no question where the world will be in 30 - 40 years. It won’t be long before petrol cars will be a very old memory, and something generations to come will only learn about from stories. A word of caution,: This review is written by a man child with more love of fast cars than sense, the very audience for the ,P ,models. A lot of it applies to all the Tesla range, but it’s a review coming from someone after easy to own sustainable performance, not an economically sane family sedan, where I honestly think the Tesla would come off a lot better. Collection day photo of my pride and joy. Good The way it drives It really doesn’t feel like anything else you’ve ever set foot in. The power delivery and the AWD system is insane in the best of ways. This car knows no weather, and does not care much for road conditions either, you can floor it all the way whenever you feel like it. It’s perfectly stable at all times, and it feels incredibly safe, plus you can accelerate out of harms way whenever you need to. Is it a true sports car? ,No, absolutely not,. It’s a big heavy family sedan, with Porsche 918 Spyder vibes only up to 70mph, not much going for it beyond that. But if you’re in a busy city it’s a dream, you have on tap the launch power of a £1m+ exclusive hyper car for run costs of a Toyota Prius. This is the essence of what’s insane about it, any other brand you go to you would need to drop very serious cash, multiples of a Tesla price, to get anywhere near the same drive train quality. Here’s my friend trying the P100D for the first time. The speedometer reads in miles, so that’s a 0 - ~105kmh. It feels like you’re in the Space Mountain in Disneyland every single time. If you skid in a Tesla, you’ll be the first, that’s how insane the power delivery/traction system is. It’s not fun in the controlled drifts way, it’s fun in the “holy craaaap” way. You get used to it after 1 - 2 months, but 0 - 60 in 2.28s seconds or whatever makes all other cars obsolete in city driving, and unlike sports cars, it doesn’t cost you a small monthly fortune to be naughty in a Tesla all the time. Quite literally, nothing, not even a Bugatti, can hold a candle to you in city traffic. Seriously: ,List of fastest production cars by acceleration - Wikipedia,. When the worlds most expensive Ferrari or insert name here creeps up in front of you at the traffic light, it’s amusing and entertaining. Nobody can ever overtake you from a standstill, and there’s no such thing as an yellow light anymore, which come in quite handy if you can use them responsibly. That kind of launch power in a petrol car is a major event, it means launch control, good grip, no wheel-spin, good weather, dry road, even road surface etc. In a Tesla it’s business as usual, all day every day, every time you floor it you’re flying, you don’t even think about it, it feels like you’re playing an unrealistic PC car game. Driving a Lambo like car through the city at that speed of flow is impossible, any car with anywhere near the performance to 60mph would be too low(close to the ground) and too compromised to compete, you’d have to cause very serious damage to the car to keep up with the Tesla. “Really? Tesla vs Lambo? Reality check please”,. I’ll let you, ,judge for yourself, courtesy of DragTimes, Model S P100D vs Aventador SV Launch Control. I’ve tried that competition in person, in my own SV. Without launch control, the SV has a very unimpressive throttle response, there’s almost 1.5 seconds of delay in between flooring it and it starting to move. The Tesla simply flies. Here’s a cuter sample, courtesy of a dear friend and his son. Run costs are near 0 It’s not cheap to buy, but after that life gets a whole lot easier, unlike other cars(especially performance ones), which generally require a continuous forking of cash for things every month. Without oil to replace, break pads and discs to worry about, anti-freeze and a lot of the petrol engine saga, there’s almost never a reason to open up your wallet again. Mine was a fairly expensive, 6 figure price tag, high spec P100D. Ever since? £300 on a tire + replacement because of a nail, nada on all else, and still drove 2000km with a nail in the tire before it was found. I live near a supercharger which helps tremendously. Tires will wear out because of the acceleration, but they already behave much much better than other cars I’ve owned, and 4 tires every 2 years is something I’m happy with. Servicing is run on a 0 profit model,. Maybe the most amazing and understated feature of being a Tesla customer is the way they don’t try to rip you off in a service. Owning other brands, at even higher price ranges, has meant a very off putting routine of every 3 weeks visiting lets say Mercedes Service, for this reason or the other, all at a very very heavy premium. They always take forever, cost a fortune, and don’t care for you one bit, except for selling you stupidly expensive monthly care packages that don’t actually end up covering for anything.. If you call Mercedes, you go through 5 answering machines, and you have this back and forth test of patience with their absolutely idiotic phone system. It’s not possible to call your service technician directly, they never have a replacement car, and when they do it’s not even supplied by Mercedes, but a third party company, etc. If you want to get things done fast, they tell you to come at 8AM, you turn up and you’re casually told service technicians are not in until 11AM, things like that. The best or nothing as they say, so you truly get the ,nothing ,because it’s cheaper for them to make it happen. If Mercedes is the most incompetent car brand of all time at post sales, Tesla is the very best there ever was. If you call them from a known phone number in their system, by the time someone picks up the phone, they will know who you are and what care you’re on about. Mobile technicians are deployed, and there’s never a talk of cost estimates, because ,warranty means warranty ,in Tesla, and that’s pretty amazing. I had a door mirror replaced post a minor incident, no one ever talked about dollars. Government likes you buying EVs(at least in the UK) The purchase terms of an EV are very friendly, and the Tesla staff has been extremely useful in pointing out the correct channels. A £5k government contribution, no congestion charge(otherwise, £11.50 per day), no fuel no matter how you drive, and barely any consumables(no engine oil, no break pad/disc wear due to regenerative breaking etc). Business owners choosing to purchase EVs are allowed to do so pre-tax, unlike all other types of cars, with a significantly decreased tax burden for benefits in kind, which will go to an even lower 2% in 2020. Leases are very competitive, so the conversation starts at half the APR your average dealer would begin talking to you. With ,New Inventory,, I have been offered an APR of <1%, which is a steal. There’s a lot of space There’s more trunk and frunk space than in almost any other car, and short of buying a semi-truck, you won’t get more load capacity buying from the competition. This is pretty cool if you have a family to carry around. I generally carry everything I need to carry, which my one laptop bag, in the frunk, so it doesn’t wobble around as I drive through the city like I’m auditioning for a role with McLaren’s F1 team. It’s really convenient, and you do feel the car has great light permeability, the sunroof is really fun, and the really big windscreen is pretty cool, there are barely any blind spots when driving, and it’s a great feeling of openness. The autopilot is incredible If you’ve never trusted your car to drive itself before, it takes some getting used to, but you’ll never go back. If you’re tired, drowsy, on your way back from work on a late night, it’s perfect. I am comparing it to one of my other cars, a Mercedes with Distronic technology, which will casually steer into adjacent lanes, not keep pace etc. Cruise control/distronic are highly useful on a motorway, urban use is a problem, though Mercedes explicitly warn you against using Distronic in the city. The Tesla is pretty spot on at all times, and I’ve done 2000 miles plus in a single journey on autopilot, taking over only for roadwork areas, where lane markings are confusing, and I’ve done it at 95mph/150kph, the car can be trusted. Hands off the steering allowed only up to 20 seconds, so for now it’s not fully autonomous, more of a “party trick”. If you ignore the car’s warnings to put your hands back on the steering, auto-steering will become unavailable for the rest of your current journey. If you drive at 150kph in autopilot and press the acceleration, auto-steering is also automatically disabled, so the car will penalise you for trying to be too naughty. Confusing lane markings, such as new lanes on old road, roadworks, etc, will nearly always confuse it, so watch out. Below is a video of me doing 150kph with the Tesla autopilot, intentionally driving at the max speed possible, on a completely empty road and perfect weather conditions. Great scenery too. Most of the interior is pawned from Mercedes The indicators and many elements of the steering column are borrowed from Daimler, because they are exactly the same as in my S class and I’m sure other Mercs. If you’re used to a Merc, you can jump straight into a Tesla, and your reflexes work instantly. The best part is that there’s no on/off in a Tesla, no button to press. You simply put it in drive mode and off you go. At the end you press the ,P, button at the end of your mode switch and done, no off button. That’s quite fun. , Bad The car feels really cheap In spite of its very generous price tag, the quality of everything you touch is on par with a car 1/4th of its price or less. Note, it’s a good looking car, and I don’t want to try and account for taste, but the interior looks like an entry level Ford or worse. Many people love the “minimalistic” approach, however they tend to be people who don’t have the experience of owning a Tesla or if they have a Tesla they’ve never owned another car of a similar price tag, so they cannot compare. Interior wise, it’s a 2.5 out 10 for the Tesla. It’s a little bit of an unfair comparison, as the price gap from a 75D to a P100D is mostly battery and tires, and they are not secretive about that in any way, but I still feel mass producing the interior could be done better, and in time I have no doubt it will. Over the years Tesla has always incrementally upgraded every detail about the car. This is about comparing a 6 figure priced car with other cars in a similar range. The consumption range is too dramatic. Being a wildfire traffic hopper can mean you have to charge every 2 days, up to 75%. It’s pretty incredible, but in Ludicrous+ the range calculator is another piece of decorative kit. The computer is simply pretty useless at adapting to individual driving habits, location, or recent consumption, instead of re-working your averages, it provides you with a false rolling instant value. E.g you’ve done 800Wh/mile until now, we’re still going to assume you are going to do 250Wh/mile until destination. That means in city traffic and power driving, you could get as little as 120 miles of range in total and Mr computer is largely useless at warning you in advance. The paintwork sucks, it’s really really crappy, and it gets dirty all the time, and it just looks cheap. It also costs £1000, which is insane, because it’s 100% not worth it. A paint job in a base spec Mercedes is another world apart quality wise. Same story for the rims and wheels, cheap stuff with cheap paint over it, sold in a very expensive wheel upgrade package. The car has out of the box LTE internet/connection, but it’s really poor, and as soon as you’re out of the home country, good luck. The number of times the GPS crapped out, or Spotify stopped working, too many to count, so it’s a completely unreliable connection. You can pay and add your own SIM card in the car, which improves life a lot. The steering wheel is way way too big and uncomfortable and nowhere nimble enough, that whole steering column could do with a massive upgrade. It makes it tiring for long drives, and manoeuvrability is terrible, the turning radius is only slightly smaller than the circumference of the Earth. The headlights are too powerful, to the point where other motorway users constantly flash you to warn you you’re on full beam, even when you’re really not. The car feels like its made of cardboard entirely, and the door feels like it weighs 500 grams, but not in a good way. No soft close, no nicety features, leather is very poor quality, no massage seats, no seat cooling, no proper seat settings(lumbar support etc). Cry me a river I know, but these are all common features in other cars of similar price. When you slam the door to close it, which you have to, it feels like you’re about to tear it in half. Other cars in this price range will always have soft close. The lights inside the car, both interior and the trunk/frunk are useless. I don’t know how they managed to cheap out on these, but it’s painfully annoying, dinner candles in the 15th century were much more powerful. There’s also no 12V socket in the trunk or frunk(seriously???). It’s completely missing on the nicety features you’d expect, like a decent set of air vents. Everything is cheap cheap cheap, and doesn’t really work at all in very hot weather, where you have to drive with the ol’ windows open technique. The cupholder system is a nightmare, and the storage space is pretty useless for a car of its acceleration. There’s nowhere to put stuff to prevent it from flying all over when you floor it, it’s very poorly thought through as a performance vehicle. If you don’t drive like you’re trying to beat Ayrton Senna theres plenty of space. The sound system is decent but could be better too, in spite of the Dolby Digital surround sound etc, it’s not on par even with the entry level sound systems in cars of similar price(S Class Coupe, Range Rover Autobiography, Aston Martins, Bentleys etc etc). The performance is inconsistent, after you floor it a few times and accelerate all the way to motorway speeds, the car will cut you back significantly to prevent battery overheating. This happens very very quickly. In a petrol car, I can be wild all day long on a track, in a Tesla I’d be out of juice in one lap. The front windscreen is great for visibility, not so great for direct sunlight. Fortunately not often a problem in the UK. You get massive sun glares or condensation from battery heat all the time. I don’t know how you make something this bad, a 20 year old Vauxhall(Opel) Astra does better.It’s physically very hard to see in front of you on a sunny day, and it’s a basic thing in any other car. Not in a Tesla. The windscreen wipers are extremely feeble, and consequentially when you drive at speed/wind, they look like they are about to fly off, and barely work. They are too thin and cheap, especially for the massive windscreen they have to deal with. The GPS is completely useless through a busy city, it has no knowledge of traffic whatsoever, constantly takes you down poor routes, and so on. It’s a decorative piece unless you’re driving long range. Top end Teslas are not as fun for petrolheads Having a Tesla is quite fun for the engineer inside you, and for the futuristic geek inside all of us, but the inner child is left with a bitter taste of disappointment. If you’re a real car fanatic/adrenaline junkie, you might want to skip buying a Tesla, for now, because it’s dtill a heavy sedan with a big turning radius, so not the thing you would take to the track. Kills at the drag strip though. The straight line speed is fun for the first month, but the truth is 6 figures on a car will never ever make any financial sense, unless you’re buying a big semi-truck and your name is DHL. It’s a straight up vanity purchase, no two ways about it, especially in the higher echelons of Tesla pricing, but it’s missing any kind of excitement whatsoever. Not really the biggest problem in the world, but if you buy a toy for the entertainment value and smiles per electrons, Tesla is probably not your top choice. It’s absolutely incredible for the city though, probably one of the best daily drivers out there, for any amount of money. The interior, the lack of sound, the poor interior lightning, and the various details remove the sense of occasion and excitement, no matter which model you buy. Other cars for the same money would either give you serene luxury you would enjoy every time(S Class, Audi A8, Porsche Panamera etc), or full on boy racer noise and performance, as well as great luxury(Mercedes C63S/E63S/S63 Coupe). It’s also dangerously close to the price of a barely used Lambo Huracan, McLaren 570S or a Ferrari 458, which are extremely fun cars to own. With a Lambo/McLaren/F Car, you know you spent the money at all times, and at all speeds, it just feels amazing and even going to the supermarket is an occasion, in a Tesla it’s too civilised, which makes buying a top end Tesla even more unjustifiable, since you don’t really need drag strip record times for the city. Longer journey? Double up the time Longer journeys take much longer, anything above 500 miles requires serious planning&math. If you’re a statistics nut like I am(life of the party I know), it’s pretty cool, and a bit scary. The consumption in a Tesla increases far more than in a petrol car depending on your driving. I’m comparing a P100D with the average performance petrol car, which is why the mpg figures are quite low versus the average car. Motorway cruising at 70mph, ideal weather conditions. Tesla,: 200 - 240Wh/km ,Sports Car,: 20mpg - 22mpg or 14L/100km. Motorway cruising at 100mph(Autobahn in Germany, ideal weather conditions. Tesla,: 400 - 450Wh/km ,Sports Car,: 16mpg - 17mpg or 17L/100km. If you’re doing that kind of long range you want to keep a good speed, but you simply can’t or you’ll miss your next charge. In a Tesla, you are constantly calculating and optimising. Do I drive faster because the battery charges faster in the initial phase, so it’s fine to end up at destination with less charge? Do I keep pace? Have I accounted for wind? Why am I doing 300Wh/km at the same speed as I was doing 250Wh/km earlier? Oh, 1% elevation, hmm. All part of the fun. Like in no other car, you get to feel first hand how changes in weather conditions, elevation/incline, road surface changes, affect “fuel economy”, because Tesla is kind enough to give you a live rolling chart. As a rule of thumb, you will lose 40 - 50% of the excess miles. E.g if your next supercharger is 200 miles away, I would charge for 300 miles, and hope to have 50 - 60 miles of range left at destination. Even at constant speed, the GPS estimates are way off. You will always arrive earlier than predicted, with less range left, even if you autopilot at constant speed all the way there. Realistically ,you will need to stop every 250 - 300 miles,, and spend 40 min - 1 hour each time. Supercharger coverage is still a problem, for now It’s absolutely amazing that you can drive so far and for free, but it’s not something you can take for granted just yet. For one, the European coverage for Tesla is pretty scarce. You can get from A to B for most of it, but not efficiently. It looks good on a map but compared to petrol stations it’s nothing, for now. You incur a significant number miles added to your journey, just so you can pass through superchargers. On a 700 mile journey in a petrol car, you might do 1000+ in a Tesla, not even accounting for the charge time. If you’re in France/Italy, you will pay additionally for every charge, as you’ll go in and out of the same motorway to access the chargers. It can be as much as 2 -3 times the toll charges in a normal car, if you do this very often it could be meaningful. Superchargers are rarely located in places normal gas pumps are, and have no service industry around them yet. That means you may or may not get a toilet at your next stop, which in long range mode can be fun. If you’re lucky, you end up near a shopping centre. This is in Orange, France. The GPS on the car will tell you what facilities await at your next stop, so you can in theory pick and choose, but in practice this can add huge mileage to your journey. Most Superchargers in France have turned out to be “in the middle of nowhere”, in the courtyard of some hotel etc etc. It’s a little bit weird stopping for an hour at 2AM in complete darkness in the middle of a field. Value for money Looking at the competition, say S Class, spending £75k for a base model is a whole other world from dropping £140k on an S63 AMG, or a used Maybach, completely different planet. Looking at a Maybach vs an S560 is a visible, obvious, world apart difference, no one would wonder where the £££ went. In a Tesla, it’s the same car with slightly more range and acceleration. I know this falls more in the “cry me a river” segment of the market, but equally, you expect something for your hard earned dollar or GBP, which Tesla somewhat fails to deliver on. They are very upfront about it, more money = more power and more battery, but it’s a whole lot of money “just for that”. The option list is both surprisingly short and expensive. A little more software/equipment, some autopilot fancy gear that’s not legal yet, and a bit more battery, for “just” twice the price of the base spec. As a normal sensible consumer, this is somewhat extreme. It’s certainly the cheapest “city focused Lamborghini” you can buy, but beyond that the pricing structure really makes no sense in terms of value for money, and I would probably struggle to justify spending the same again. The sensible thing is to buy a mid range Tesla and save half the price-tag, and still get everything except the acceleration. Not being able to floor it in a Lambo through the city isn’t exactly the mass market problem solving Elon had in mind, but ironically it’s kind of all you get in the P100D. Conclusion:, You’re paying for a power train, battery tech, and technology. You won’t get a fancy car, if that’s what you’re after don’t spend that kind of money on a Tesla just yet. Go half the price and get a Lexus hybrid instead. The car is really amazing in one way, a little boring in another. Overall the best piece of commuting/city gear you could ever have, though P100 models are ultimately an expensive toy. Love of Tesla: ,Having “talked it down” so much, I do feel the need to re-enforce the insane capability of this car is very addictive. Even if you’re fortunate enough to have driven crazy cars, yes it would get more feel, but you would not have more acceleration and torque, and the lack of sound is replaced by the consistent “holy sh******t” launch power at every single traffic light. Update(after 12 months of owning it): ,The honeymoon phase is now long over. The performance is still there, the run cost is still brilliant, but Tesla as a company is sometimes showing some fairly ugly colours. Tires lasted quite well, got a comfortable few mm of thread depth left. If you knew how I drive, in Ludicrous Plus constantly, that’s an insanely impressive thing, nearly 20k miles later. Loss in traction is noticeable, and I’m certainly way more careful in the wet than I was on fresh tires. At some point the £1k replacement cost will be unavoidable, in the next few months. Range is a big lie. 10 - 15% lost to software updates,, restricting max charges further and further. I haven’t seen a number starting with 300 since the day I took delivery of the car. As detailed further above, do not trust the range of the car. Charging speed has decreased massively,. It used to be you would drive to the supercharger with 10% - 15% and it would bump straight up to around 114kw - 117kw pretty much straight away, and stay there till the battery was nearly 80% when you could go home. No longer, the car now only goes to 85, then slowly to 95 and so on. It may be a software update to preserve battery life, however you have ,less range and longer charges,. No yellow cornering on the screen which lots of other people report, but it’s definitely a pain in the a**, it randomly resets itself, as you drive, or as you follow the sat nav, for no apparent reason. Music cut offs etc for about 30 seconds while the screen reboots for no apparent reason. Suspension isn’t proving very reliable. 1 year in and squeaks and creaks from everyone single corner possible. Car went to service and got cleaned by Tesla engineers under warranty, all back to normal now, no squeaks and creaks. HEPA filter had to be replaced after 14 months, around £186 inclusive of VAT from Tesla. Not terrible and done same day, however it’s a consumable and not under warranty. Software updates coming constantly have actually made the car a lot worse. Now it barely ever reads speed limits properly. While the AP is fully trustworthy, it won’t change speed limits, so you have to pay attention a lot more or you might get a speeding ticket and those lovely points on your license. Completely new design delivered around 5 months ago, and I hate it with a passion. They’ve made it more Model 3 like, but it’s absolutely stupid, various things on the touch screen overlap, as if it wasn’t hard enough already to touch things accurately while driving. The Dolby Digital surround system constantly gets deactivated as an option for no reason whatsoever, which drives me crazy, and nothing I do seems to affect that at all, I have to remember to re-enable it every time I get in the car, which is not great for an audiophile such as myself, the sound system is pretty terrible anyway even if you go for the high end option, at least compared with proper in car audio systems. Would I buy one again? ,The answer is ,absolutely not,, I got carried away by very low interest and tax benefits, and Ludicrous acceleration, but the honest to god answer is that I simply don’t enjoy driving it at all, it’s far too basic, too plastic and too crappy for the enormous price tag. I don’t dislike the car, but similarly I never look forward to drive it, and all I keep thinking is I could’ve bought x y z make and model instead. It’s coming from a place where I am fortunate that run cost isn’t my number one concern, but it’s been the only reason why I kept it, it’s very hard to say no to driving around for an extremely small cost, again when considering the performance. Like I said above, buying it is pricey, after you pay close to nothing beyond insurance. However, for the buy price of the car, I personally want a lot more. Value retention, Luxury, exclusivity, convenience, and a feeling of being able to drive it endlessly, like an S class, where after 15 hours of driving you don’t get that “sticky” feel of having been in a car for that long, you feel quite good. None of this come with a Tesla, and 99% of Tesla owners are extremely fanatic, but the reality is the majority of them don’t come from a high vantage point, and it’s by far the most expensive car they ever bought. Yes it may be better than a Honda Accord, but for many times the price tag isn’t that implied? The worst Tesla experience so far After a bump traffic so light that not even the paintwork on the car is damaged, the steering felt really funny, so naturally I pulled over into a side road, and phoned my beloved highly competent Tesla assistance. They quite literally told me to f off, there’s no other way to put it nicely. They said it’s not their problem, that it wouldn’t be possible to tow it to a Tesla depot(even if I offered to pay for this separately), and that ,the car is no longer safe to drive,. Insult to injury and acid pour on it in the span of a 10 second conversation. I had the extreme luck this happened 2 miles from home, where it was manageable, had it been 3AM in the middle of nowhere, the messiah of all car companies would’ve had me stranded useless in the middle of nowhere, no their problem of course, the nearly 150k they billed me for the car just a few months earlier had long been forgotten from memory. Thanks to good friends, I made my way back home, and the next day after insurance told me they are happy to help/cover the costs, but the car should go to a Tesla garage since no one else can repair a Tesla, low and behold, it was entirely possible to pay and have the car towed. What in the actual f*ck? A very nice Joe shoes up 3 hours later with a tow truck, and while on the phone with his boss/colleague, he politely asks me to dictate my credit card details so he could further dictate them on the phone. I thought he was joking, but no, he was dead serious. I told him no way josay, take cash or no deal. One cash machine trip later, the saga ends, the car is loaded on the tow truck and off it goes. Or so I thought. The wonderful people at Tesla politely informed a ,new steering rack is required,, post my 2mph barely any paintwork damage hit, for the great price of nearly £4000 inclusive of VAT. How wonderful, the steering rack mechanism can be completely destroyed by softly blowing air towards it, the build quality is insanely poor, more so than any other car I have ever owned, including a 20 year Vauxhall Astra I drove for a long time, with 200k miles on it and no problems. The truth? ,I’m seriously hoping this was a bad assistant on the other end of the phone, because this has felt like a slap in the face, which after the latest massive price drop adds a little bit of insult to injury. I’ve got a car worth a lot less than what I anticipated it would be worth, and a service quality that seems to fluctuate a lot based on who you get on the phone.

What is your review of Tesla Model S?

I drive the model S 75 for 4 month ,(update 15 month 50 k kM),now and here are my findings. I live in the Netherlands and my previous car was an Audi A5 3.0 TDI quattro S-Tronic. These are my only experiences with performance cars. ,(update jan 2018) smoothness, of the ride : incredible, there is no car of my knowledge that feels like the tesla, the absence of gears (single speed fixed gear) and noise make the ride very calm. No body roll low center of gravity, steering is precise. I have only driven the rwd S75 and the acceleration for my model S is on par with the Audi ( 0- 100 kph/ 0- 62 mph in a 5.8 secs ) But it feels much faster in the Tesla. I think that the acceleration to 45 kph/30 mph is incredible much faster than the Audi and the reaction on the gas/electron pedal is almost immediate. Even the 7 speed dual clutch of the Audi can’t deliver this, you always feel the shifts and there’s always a waiting period after you floor the pedal. (,update jan 2018,, acceleration is updated to 4.6 sec to 100Kph, and the car now has a Chill mode which gives the car a smoother ride for the passengers) Charging, : perfect. At home i have a 11 KW charger so i start every day with 310 km / 200 m) of range (370km /250m is max). ,FastCharging, without adapters: 9 Tesla Super chargers, and 57 highway-stations of the firm ,Fastned, where you can plug in the Tesla. ,Charge points with an adapter,: few 100 Chademo (50 KW). ,Charging with a cable, (mennekes) 11 kw-> more than 20.000. So no problemo in the Netherlands. Other European countries differ a lot: Germany Belgium and France are improving but need much more planning (,Update jan 2018 ,13 superchargers in NL ) Range for daily use,: perfect., Long range trips, across the boarder it requires some planning and takes a lot of extra time. When you travel on the German autobahn the range is simply too short. You have to charge every 220 km /150 m (For a trip of 900 km it takes almost 12 hour travel time (driving and 4 times charging) and you sometimes have to take a detour to reach the Super Charger. The energy usage increases a lot when you drive fast (140 km/h - 90 m/h) or going uphill (which is inevitable when starting in Amsterdam you start at 6 meters /20ft below sea level ;-) ) the effective ranges is 240 km/165 m. The Tesla is a heavy car. It is rather frustrating to travel at 100 - 110 km/u - 60–65 m when almost every car goes faster on the autobahn. In the Netherlands that's no problem because there’s a maximum speed everywhere. But when you are in a relaxed mood it is very very comfortable and in the end you will reach your destination. With the Audi a 1000 km - 670m trip would take less than 10 hours because you can easily make an high average, with the Tesla it will cost 3 to 4 hours extra. (,update 2018 unit now I ,have driven 50.000 km and i have lost some range form 385 to 365 km at 100 %SoC (,-4,9 %,). Recently I managed 900 km in 10,8 hours so when you start at 100% battery and have destination charging that makes it very workable, but when there is a 150 - 200 kWh battery driving in Germany will really be a dream) Safety,: autopilot (V1) , lane departure, collision warnings, dynamic cruise control. Simply super convenient and I really think it will make the roads safer. When you are in a traffic yam it really works ,brilliant, and costs much less concentration energy. (,Update 2018 ,the autopilot is very predictable and the ride is much more smooth still it’s long way to level 5 .) Dashboard,: The screen in the center is huge and i like it. Controls are easy to use but not an improvement over the Audi. I would like to see an option to make the screen dark with only the most necessary buttons visible ( like the night panel of the Saab) even in a dark mode it is still very distracting. (,update 2018 ,navigation is not very good quality i use Tom Tom instead.) Gimmicks: ,automatic opening of your gate when you’re standing in front of it, personalized settings per key: mirrors chairs, radio station , heating, display settings are automatic set when you use your own key. You're agenda goes on screen in the morning, destinations in that agenda are put in your navigation as well as phone numbers. Very convenient. Spotify with speech control nice but it doesn’t work very well with the dutch language. I like gadgets so this car is a treat. You have a browser that hardly works and an app in which you can see how far the charging is , preheat the car and you can move the tesla a bit with the summon function. What’s real cool: I have a Garmin watch in which i also can see how the state of charge of my tesla is, how cool is that! ( ,update 2018 ,some funny updates (mars/drawingscreen/christmas) and the easy entry/exit option is nice, as well as the Chill mode. The extra acceleration update makes the car very fast.) Built quality ,and interior design: Tesla is not on par with premium cars in Europe and i dare to say not on par with the relative cheap models of Audi/BMW/Mercedes etc ( 35000- 45000 $ ) lot of wind noise because the doors don’t quite align, materials look and feel “plastic” lack of storage in the doors and the center console. The gaps between the hood and doors are a bit large compared to all other cars,. ,For Amsterdam the car is too big so i will be very happy with the model 3 or the next Leaf. Does that bother me? ,No Way ,the ride compensates everything.(,update 2018 ,so far 0 defects or problems with the car so that’s nice) I will never buy an ICE ever again.

What are the secrets to writing great movie sequels?

You have standouts sequels that are sometimes even considered superior to the original films with the likes of ,Aliens,, ,The Godfather: Part 2,, ,Star Wars Episode V: The Empire Strikes Back,, ,The Dark Knight,, ,X-Men 2,, ,The Road Warrior,, and ,Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan,. Then — on the opposite end of the spectrum — you have direct sequels to the original that are considered horrible by most with the likes of ,Highlander II: The Quickening,, ,Speed 2: Cruise Control,, ,Exorcist II: The Heretic,, ,Grease 2,, ,Caddyshack 2,, and many more. You also have later franchise sequels that didn’t live up to those that came before them with the likes of, Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull,, ,Batman and Robin,, ,Spider-Man 3,, ,A Good Day to Die Hard,, ,Rocky V,, and so many more. Finally, in the middle of all of those, you have sequels that are more of a mixed bag. Some love them. Some hate them. Some are indifferent. So what makes a great sequel? Where do so many sequels go so wrong while so few manage to live up to expectations set forth by their predecessors? Let’s break down the draw of sequels first. Why Are Sequels So Popular? Audiences love sequels — and thus, so do studios. They love something familiar. It gives them insurance for the multitude of money being spent at the theater on any given family or date outing. The Ten Secrets of Writing a Great Sequel Note: I’ll forgo mention of sequels based on previously released source material — i.e. ,The Lord of the Rings,, ,Harry Potter, franchise, ,The Hunger Games, franchise, etc. And also, ,BEWARE OF SPOILERS,. 1. Ensure That the Original Warrants a Sequel This primarily falls on the studio and producer. However, it’s one of the deciding factors of the eventual greatness — or lack thereof — of any given sequel. Look no further than ,Highlander,. Highlander ,was an outstanding breakout genre film with the unique premise of immortal warriors meeting across time to duel to the death by swords in a game where there can be only one. At the end of the film, the hero, Connor MacLeod of the Clan MacLeod, wins the final dual and receives the gift — whatever it may be. The signature tag line of the film is ,“there can be only one.”, He’s the last immortal standing. Due to the success of the film, the studio eventually wanted to capitalize. So they greenlit ,Highlander II: The Quickening,, a film that is virtually incoherent as a sequel. There have since been many follow-ups, all of which have been better than the second film in the franchise — but all of which suffer the same fate. The original story never warranted a sequel. Films like Steven Spielberg’s ,E.T., almost had a sequel, obviously due to the success of the original. Thankfully, the director and studio were wise enough to put a halt to it. Why? ,Because the original didn’t warrant a sequel,. 2. Do NOT Simply Remake the Original Too many sequels suffer from this mistake. ,The Karate Kid, franchise quickly tanked due to the regurgitation of the same premise in ,The Karate Kid Part III,. While the ,Rocky, franchise managed to find its way around that problem well (see below), the potential of ,The Karate Kid, franchise dwindled after the third — until the amazing ,Cobra Kai, came along on as a series. Chances are the original film was like most celebrated films in the end — lightning in a bottle. A culmination of a great concept, a great script, a great cast, a great director, and debuting at a time when audiences were looking for something special. It’s tough to replicate that. That said… 3. Understand That Audiences Want Something New, but the Same Yes, that fine line between something new and something different. Screenwriters have to find a solid balance between the two. The original was a success for a reason. Audiences responded to the concept, the characters, and the story. ,So what you have to do is to find the core of those elements and retain them,. Why do we watch ,Rocky, movies? Well, we want to see Rocky as an underdog win the big fight. It’s no fun seeing him at the top of his game beating some schmuck. But how do you tell that same story over and over and not lose an audience, which is what the ,Rocky, franchise expertly managed to do from when it launched in 1976 and into the 1980s through its first four films (and then the sixth film in 2006, followed by the fantastic ,Creed ,and ,Creed 2,)? It’s rather simple. You take the core of the original’s concept (underdog boxer), characters (Rocky, Adrian, Paulie, and Apollo), and story (the struggle to win a seemingly unwinnable fight) and you give those elements new themes to tack onto that core. In the second film, it was about Rocky overcoming fame/infamy and actually winning the fight. In the third film, it was about succumbing to false success, getting soft, getting beaten, and making a comeback. In the fourth, it was about the purely impossible fight, but this time under the added guise of revenge. Give audiences the familiar aspects of what they remember and then take the core of those very things and add additional mass to them with the likes of more extensive conflict, new character arcs, etc. In the case of ,Creed,, which is less of a sequel than a spin-off, we were given something new, yet the same, because we had Rocky there training him. 4. Do NOT Dismiss What the Characters Accomplished in the Original This is perhaps the worst offense of any sequel — dismissing what the character(s) fought so hard to accomplish in the original or predecessor. Look no further than the mixed bag that is ,Ghostbusters 2,. While we have a strong element returning, as far as the chemistry of the characters (see below), where the film went wrong is having the characters back right where they started, or worse. At the end of the original ,Ghostbusters,, Peter got the girl, and the Ghostbusters were heralded as heroes, saving the great city of New York. In the sequel, they’re right back where they started. Worse even. Peter and Dana aren’t together. The Ghostbusters aren’t only disbanded; they’re left shamed because of some negative fallout from their heroic efforts in the original. So not only is the sequel trying to remake the original, it’s jumped a few steps back after the leap forward that was the original. That kills an audience. That breaks their heart — whether they want to admit it or not. And they immediately disengage. 5. Take the Original Characters Forward Look no further than ,Aliens,, ,The Godfather: Part 2,, ,Star Wars Episode V: The Empire Strikes Back,, ,Star Wars Episode VI: The Return of the Jedi,, ,The Road Warrior,, ,Toy Story 2, and ,Toy Story 3 ,— all sequels that took their characters forward. Not only story-wise but also their overall character arcs. Ghostbusters 2 ,failed to do this. A franchise often lives and dies by its characters. There are exceptions in certain franchises — mostly horror properties like ,Paranormal Activity,, ,Saw,, etc. However, in most, audiences love the characters. And because of that, they want to see the characters move forward together. Aliens, moved the character of Ripley forward in such an amazing way and her character arc — as a result of the events of the first film that she survived — was outstanding. Enough to earn an Oscar nomination, mind you. Terminator 2: Judgement Day,, which is also one of the greatest sequels of all time — standing next to the original, rather than above it — accomplishes this as well, as we see Sarah Connor’s character so drastically different as a result of what she survived. Luke, Han, Chewbacca, and Leia in the ,Star Wars, original trilogy were always moving forward. Michael Corleone was always moving forward. Woody, Buzz, and their friends were always moving forward. This is what audiences crave. They want their characters to continue on in their journeys. Speaking of characters… 6. Remember That the Original Characters ARE the Franchise Look no further than the ,Fast and Furious, franchise. If there is an example of the characters being the franchise, that’s it. The chemistry of the characters (RIP Paul Walker) is the true core of any franchise. The sequels where Paul Walker and Vin Diesel weren’t present — or weren’t together — were the films that didn’t do well at the box office. All too often, if you keep original characters in the mix, that element can overcome otherwise lackluster villains and storylines in sequels. The ,Lethal Weapon, films thrived on this element. Audiences loved those characters. Riggs and Murtaugh — as well as the supporting characters of their family, friends, and loved ones — were the primary reason audiences kept coming back for more. The worst thing that can happen to a sequel is to lose its original characters. This happens in Hollywood due to contracts or actors not wanting to have another go around. Remember ,Speed 2: Cruise Control,? It lost Keanu Reeves — enough said. Don’t forget the characters. Everything for a sequel starts with them and audiences will never forgive you and the powers that be if you lose their favorite characters. 7. Embrace the Mythos Created by the Original Indiana Jones has his hat and his whip. Riggs has his rage. Mad Max has his car (well, at least for the first two and part of the fourth). Han Solo has the Millennium Falcon. It wouldn’t be a ,Die Hard, film if John McClane didn’t have a variation of ,“Yippee Ki Yay Motherf***er.” These are but just a few of the examples of mythos and overall atmosphere set by the first installment. Ken’s Own Hollywood Anecdote: I was fortunate enough to pitch ,Rambo V, to Millennium (the rights holder at the time), write the script (,Rambo: Last Blood,), and have the powers that be consider it. It was a dream come true. And you can bet that I had a reluctant warrior moment, a bow and arrow sequence, a knife, a cave, and many more subtle cues to the mythos of that franchise. That’s what makes a ,Rambo, sequel feel like a Rambo film. Ken Miyamoto's answer to What would have been a better alternative story, screenplay, and direction for Rambo: Last Blood? in The Tao of Screenwriting/Movies/TV Embrace the mythos created before. Those character cues. An attitude. A history. A scar. A line. That said, you can’t rely solely on those mythos either. 8. Do NOT Reinvent the Wheel This thought might be attributed to some of the other points above, but we’re talking more about tone and genre. ,Highlander II: The Quickening, turned the mysterious immortals into alien beings from another world. It was set in the future with a lot of future tech, while the original film was embedded in reality and the past with the low tech of swords. The sequel was suddenly a bad science fiction movie. Gremlins 2: The New Batch, turned into a neon-like black comedy while the original was actually a horror film with comedic elements to lighten the load and make it more accessible to the masses. Some may disagree, but if you compare the first ,Wonder Woman, with what I feel is the terrible and disappointing sequel ,Wonder Woman 1984,, the tone is drastically different. It may be a welcome change for some, but for many, it ruined what should have been an amazing follow-up. You want to offer something new with a sequel, but you can’t take it too far and make it into something the original never was. 9. Know That a Sequel Is Only as Good as Its Villain Villains are key. A weak villain makes for weak conflict, which makes for a dull story that weakens the characters. The ,Lethal Weapon, franchise didn’t always have the greatest villains — with respect to Mr. Joshua — but the third and fourth were the weakest in that respect. Die Hard, sequels could never top the original’s Hans Gruber (although the third film was smart enough to directly ,build, off Hans). The Dark Knight Rises, was arguably overshadowed by the memory of Heath Ledger’s inimitable Joker from ,The Dark Knight,. The Karate Kid, sequels never had their Johnny (until he returned as both protagonist and antagonist in the ,Cobra Kai, series). Rocky V ,and ,Rocky Balboa’s ,antagonists couldn’t stand up to Apollo Creed, Clubber Lang, or Ivan Drago. Yet you look at the likes of amazing villains like Khan, the T-1000, the Alien Queen (and her kids), Heath Ledger’s amazing Joker, Boba Fett, and Wez and Lord Humungus (,The Road Warrior,) — all of them debuted in sequels. The characters are only as strong as the ones they go up against. 10. Ask These Key Questions What did they accomplish in the original or predecessor? What did they learn from that accomplishment? What conflict(s) can we throw at them to challenge the skills or knowledge that they had learned? How will they deal with that challenge and conflict? There’s the sequel… For screenwriters, sequels should be a pleasure to write. Most of the time, you’re working with characters that audiences already love. Most of the time, you’re working with a core concept that audiences are already engaged by. There’s no need to re-introduce the characters or the concept in the opening pages because we have the original films for that. All screenwriters need to do is to take things forward, to embrace the core characters and concepts, throw more conflict at them, and take the audience on another great ride. Please follow ,The Tao of Screenwriting/Movies/TV, for more screenwriting and film industry insights. Ask me questions. Come visit this “dojo” for screenwriting, movie, television, film/TV industry insights, inspiration, writing exercises & best practices, tips, advice, and industry hacks. I’m here to help and share and inspire. This answer was adapted from an ,article I wrote, on ScreenCraft. Check them out!