flat tax rate nz Related Articles

Top-5 cars with the most expensive road tax in Malaysia

Let’s get right down to it, the top 5 most expensive road tax in Peninsular Malaysia (privately

The Toyota RAV4 is cheaper than the Honda CR-V, before tax – wait what??

As such, it gets slapped with the maximum applicable excise tax.

Is the road tax actually cheaper for electric cars in Malaysia?

The “low” price of these cars could be a result of the 10% excise tax on all electric cars

Sales tax exemption: Car companies scrambling for answers

announcement by the Prime Minister that locally-assembled cars will be exempted from paying 10 percent sales tax

Full steam ahead for all Kia, Peugeot, and Citroen service centres

That includes Naza Kia, Nasim (Peugeot), Naza Euro Motors (Citroen and DS), NZ Wheels (Mercedes-Benz

MICCI: Tax incentives for Malaysia’s automotive sector lack transparency

English daily explained that Malaysian Investment Development Authority (MIDA) has evaluated and approved tax

NZ Wheels adds an outlet in Setapak

NZ Wheels Sdn Bhd, a subsidiary of Naza Group and an authorised dealer for Mercedes-Benz in Malaysia,

Top-10 value for money CKD cars to take advantage of sales tax exemption

Effective 15-June until 31-December 2020, the government will completely waive the 10 percent sales tax

Naza offering low interest rate from 1.88% until 15-July for recond cars

Customers are entitled to a low-interest rate from 1.88 percent and a 1-year warranty during this promotional

Zero tax for EVs in Malaysia soon, but there's a catch

called Low Carbon Mobility Blueprint (LCMB), one of the proposals is to waive excise duty and import tax

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Spied: All-new 2021 Toyota 86 spotted testing - 2.4L flat-four, 220 PS and 240 Nm!

rendering of how it could look like.The all-new Japanese coupe is expected to be powered by a 2.4-litre flat-four

Share prices of auto stocks accelerates due to tax slash

Following the announcement of a tax waiver for locally-assembled vehicles, auto stocks are revving hotter

Surprise U-turn sees government extending sales tax (SST) exemption/discount to June 2021

document sighted by WapCar.my, the Ministry of Finance has just announced today that existing sales tax

Exemption period for road tax renewal extended to end of May 2021

The Ministry of Transport (MoT) has extended the road tax renewal exemption period for private vehicles

Have you renewed your expired road tax and driving license yet?

August 31st is upon us and that means that the grace period for road tax and driving license expiry that

No sales tax exemption for CKD Toyota Hilux and Isuzu D-Max, here’s why

all locally-assembled (CKD) passenger cars will be granted full exemption from the 10 percent sales tax

5 cars with the highest road tax price in Malaysia

could afford it, but the answer is their obvious large displacement engines and the high progressive rate

Road tax paid to JPJ don’t go to road maintenance, so what are we paying for?

’Road tax for Nissan LeafThis so-called ‘road tax’ is inherited from our British colonial

WapCar Morning Insiders (Oct. 9, 2019)

packages consist of two special financing rates: the An-Naqlu 1: 90% financing starting at an attractive rate

Thailand plans yet another tax reduction for electric cars, 3-year tax holiday is just the beginning

Termpittayapaisith wants the Excise Department to reconsider which components of EVs deserve improved tax

Toll rate hike deferment: Gov to pay operators RM 2 bil in compensation

Halim Mu’adzam Shah Bridge (JSAHMS) Seremban-Port Dickson HighwayAlso read: Gov postpones toll rate

Thailand to propose tax hike for combustion engine cars, pushing for EV adoption

Thailand government and car companies will meet in January 2021 to discuss a proposal to increase the tax

MoF: Tax structure under review, return to GST mulled but only after MCO

The Ministry of Finance (MoF) is currently studying measures to widen Malaysia’s tax revenue base

No 10% drop in car prices despite 10% Sales Tax exemption, here’s why

that all new locally-assembled (CKD) passenger cars will be exempted from paying the 10 percent sales tax

Indonesia cuts tax for all cars between March until May

The Indonesian government will remove the luxury tax imposed on cars below 1,500cc from March 2021 to

Thailand announces 8-year tax breaks for EV investments, now including bikes and ships

, Thailand’s Board of Investment, which is chaired by the Prime Minister, has announced a new tax

Worried about your car battery going flat during MCO? Here's how to prevent it

battery with the connectors and the atmosphere.A battery with come corrosion on the terminals is not flat

Govt mulls carbon tax and return of GST

various revenue enhancing measures including the possibility of reintroducing the Goods and Services Tax

How is this possible? Proton X50 is cheaper than tax-free Honda HR-V

a car is imported (CBU) or locally-assembled (CKD).However, few CKD models pay the full excise duty rate

Run flat tyres, tyre repair kits, or spare tyres. Which is best?

Your car ownership experience isn’t complete without having at least one flat tyre incident.

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flat tax rate nz Post Review

Numbers done. Flat tax. More progressive than current tax system.

Ideally it should be the same as Super is now. With a higher flat tax rate etc say between 40% and 50% or a tt. Still think tt's are great-taxing rich instead of GST which disproportionately taxes the poor.Still, anything is good. :)

Not if it’s done right. Has to have a % cap to keep congress from jacking it up. Fair in that everybody here, including illegals who don’t pay income tax or property tax, pays. Gets rid of carve outs and loopholes. Govt unions will protect IRS and tax ind. lobby will fight it.

It would be funny to watch Democrats in Congress screw up a “Flat Tax Rate”! A tax rate that is equal to everyone would be the fairest, but taking away the Democrats primary drive to tax the rich and equalize wealth for all but them. No IRS, accountants or tax lawyers to start.

NZ already has a flat tax rate, you just get a discount if you earn under $70klet’s try logarithmic taxation for a truly progressive tax system(this wouldn’t work due to admin overhead, but we at least need new, higher tax bands; even Australia has 45% for $180k+)

Never liked the flat tax modelNeed a rate of 27% to implement.Well according to Gareth Morgan anyway.

You'd be looking for a flat tax, where you pay the same rate of tax on every dollar, no matter how much you earn.@top_nz's the only political party with one of those.

Nope. We simply deem that the boat and Ranger are providing you with a non-cash benefit (income equivalent to return from Govt. bonds) so that the benefit system (Working for Families etc.) treats you the same as someone who has the equity invested in financial assets instead 1/2

When we do this, we can introduce a tax-free threshold of $30k (pay no tax on the first $30k of income) with a flat tax rate of 33% above it. 2/2

@dbseymour ACT’s “education vouchers” would lead to education for the wealthy and less education for the majority. That is really pre-industrial backward thinking! Society has been fighting ACT-like self-serving dumb policies that do not help.

flat tax rate nz Q&A Review

Is your home an asset or liability? Robert Kiyosaki says your home is not an asset but liability because of expensive house taxes in USA. Is that true in India too?

Jayaraman K, has provided the answer. Some additional inputs: As Jayaraman has already mentioned, property taxes in India are low. But not only they are low, but they are also based on ready-reckoner rates and those, in turn, depend upon the age of the property. For example: My property is of 1995 and the area is 948 sq. ft. carpet. My annual property tax (in Pune) is around Rs. 8,500. My father-in-law’s property is of 1976 and 1100 sq. ft. His property tax is Rs. 5600 or so. Not only is his flat larger, it is also on Bhandarkar Road which is 1-notch upscale. The building opposite me was completed in 2012. The property tax of the gentleman friend from that building is Rs. 14,500 (1050 sq. ft. carpet). Point is, the property tax is very low, and nothing really. Property tax in USA depends upon the assessed value of the property and it varies from state to state, city to city, from 0.7% to 2.5%. This is a considerable amount. How many of us in India have made a loss on a property? Only those who sold in distress. In USA (and UK), property rates fluctuate widely. One can end up buying at the peak and selling at a loss. We, in India, are not in the habit of buying/selling flats. It is usually, a once in a life event. In USA, UK, EU, AU, NZ, etc., renting is a properly managed affair. There are letting agencies which rent properties. There are proper contracts in place and there are rules governing tenancy (India is just about to enact the “Model Tenancy Act”). The point is that landlords need not be afraid of adverse possession or tenant not getting the deposit back, etc. In India, there is a lack of this transparency. Renting is usually (75% of the times) very stressful and unpredictable. Hence, it is not possible to rent forever in India. Rents increase every year (unless you get a good landlord). A property purchased on loan has a monthly instalment. It can also increase if the interest rate (floating rate) goes up. It can come down also. But this is not so frequent now as it was during 2005~2010. While renting is cheaper than buying (in the short term only), the monthly rent is always an expense. Home is yours forever after the loan is paid off. Now regarding ,asset, vs. ,liability,. I have mentioned this in many property buying pros and cons type answer. An asset is something that you own, a liability is something you owe. The ’n’ and the ‘e’ make all the difference. If you buy a smartphone on instalment, does it become a liability? No. If you buy a home on loan, does it become a liability? No. The loan taken is the liability. RK says that the house carries taxes and expenses. Granted that rent is an all-inclusive amount. But when rent increases every year, is that not like paying taxes and maintenance? If maintenance cost is to be avoided then we should not buy any item that requires such overhead (fridge, washing m/c, dishwasher, even a TV). As Jayaraman already mentioned, in the USA there is an inheritance tax. There is none in India. Finally, there is something known as “peace of mind”. No amount of financial arguments can account for this. I know I also said that do not mix emotions with matters related to finance. But in this case, this is not just pure emotional nonsense. A young bachelor can stay anywhere. I myself stayed in a shared room for 4 years and for a year in a shared 1-Bedroom + Kitchen (no living) apartment. I was fine with it. I then stayed in a proper 1-Bedroom apartment for some 6 months after marriage before buying one. It was NOT an emotional decision. The mistake many people do today is buy something that they cannot afford. That is, undertake a huge loan and for 25~30 years. Age is usually 28–30 at this time. The instalment is still 40%+ of their net salary. On top of that, there are other possible loans such as an education loan, a car loan, etc. 70% salary may (?) be going into servicing these loans. Then life becomes very stressful. To such new eminent entrants into the property market, I advise - Do not be in a hurry. Start saving and investing the possible EMI amount less rent into Equity MF for 5–10 years. The earlier the start, the better. At 35+, one is reasonably sure where the priorities lie, where you intend to settle down, the job market, etc. By this time, with proper fiscal discipline, one will have accumulated a nice kitty for the down payment and that will significantly reduce your loan requirement. Stay in a rented place till then. I know many people who purchased a property in their 40s.

Why is tax in Canada so high compared to that of Houston?

I work for a small Australian headquartered business which distributes into the USA and Canada, as well as other countries. In the USA, if we sell our product at a market in certain states, we have to register for the state retail sales tax and often a local municipal tax. We also have to be registered for federal tax. When we sell wholesale from our main east coast distribution centre, we charge tax only to sales within that state and any states we’d previously sold in locally (a mistake on our part). In Canada there’s a flat 5% GST nationally and different provinces have either an “HST” which includes the Federal GST, or local “PSTs” (Provincial Sales taxes) which are remitted separately. Both systems are more complicated and expensive for us to handle compared to the universal GST (in Australia and New Zealand) and the VAT we pay and collect in the UK. Overall, Canada, while having a slightly higher retail sales tax rate, is simpler to implement due to there being less Provinces than there are US states and the lack of silly little localised municipal taxes. Both banking systems are less flexible than UK, Europe, Australia and New Zealand with an overwhelming reliance on cheques or credit card payments (with their 3% card payment provider “tax” ) whereas in Europe, AU and NZ, most of our wholesale sales are paid by electronic funds transfers which are “free” (included in normal banking account keeping fees)

How does the tax rates differ among Canada, Australia and New Zealand?

Thanks for the A2A. I can only speak for New Zealand. According to the Inland Revenue Department, New Zealand has a system of progressive income taxation where the rich pay more and the poor pay less. Income tax rates are applied at the end of your tax year to work out your tax obligation. , Up to NZ$14,000: 10.5% NZ$14,000 - $48,000: 17.5% NZ$48,000 - $70,000: 30% Over $70,000: 33% Secondary income is taxed at a flat rate throughout the year. SB: 10.5% S: 17.5% SH: 30% ST: 33% Some of the main types of income tax include: Pay as you Earn (PAYE): money that is deducted from your wage and salary by your employer. Tax on schedular payments: same as PAYE but it is taken out from income derived as a contractor or casual worker (eg. Delivering circulars)., New Zealand also has a sales tax called the Goods & Services Tax (GST). It is a value-added tax that adds a 15% surcharge to all goods and services. , Hope this helps.

Who benefits from Andrew Yang’s UBI? Is it $1000 for everyone or just poor people? What if I make over 6 figures, would I get it?

Who benefits from Andrew Yang’s UBI? Is it $1000 for everyone or just poor people? What if I make over 6 figures, would I get it? Yes it’s everybody And you will get the UBI - but you will be taxed on it - and see higher taxes on the rest of your income The basic idea is to raise the higher tax rates and/or impose a wealth tax so that somebody on a higher income would overall get less income The big argument would be about where the “transition point” would be - which actually translates into how hard you would hit the very wealthy Here (NZ) the proposal The Big Kahuna: Turning Tax and Welfare on It's Head in New Zealand Was to change income tax to a lower flat rate - have a generous UBI and pay for all of that by taxing wealth

I am looking for a country to live, work, and raise my family. Which is better, New Zealand or the Netherlands?

It depends, greatly, on what you see as important. Both are great places to live - so it comes down to looking at two, almost opposing options - but both are heavily urbanised - that is where the work is. Both are “safe” by comparison to some other countries; both tax quite heavily (mean personal tax in NZ would be 20%):- NL being heavily populated; NZ comparatively sparsely populated. NL more open to foreign qualifications; NZ employers often want what is termed “NZ experience”. NL has a much greater choice as to established “culture” - theatre, opera, music of all types, prepared “things to do” NZ has fewer of these as a result of being only 5 million population, you have to make most of your own “entertainment”. NL - housing is different - higher density with more apartments as in all densely packed cities world wide. NZ still tends to individual houses on small sections (say 700 sq.m) that tend to be over-priced. NL is flat - everywhere, even the “hills” in the Limburg are worn down (by the ice-age icecap) NZ is mountainous - a long “spine” of mountains runs down both main islands - where I come from, if it wasn’t 900m it was called a “hill” (but that is not so everywhere). NL social services are much better over all - more people to pay the taxes NZ social services are there (hospitals free at point of service - single payer system), but have been whittled down over 20 years as government of both colours have reduced taxes. Doctor visits are subsidised to 50% (you will pay circa $45 for an adult - children are fully subsidised to 13), dentistry is not subsidised for adults but is for young children. So - as I wrote above, it depends on what you wish. The weather is better in NZ, the society is therefore more incline to the out-doors pursuits, added to cleaner air (though the major cities are, well, cities so “stink” to me (I live in the country). NZ has much lower pay - 36% of the population live on the level of the minimum wage (circa $20 an hour), with the same “part-timing” of work experienced world wide; the “median wage” is circa $50,000 - which can be marginal for a family in the major cities (adequate elsewhere); the “average wage” is $75,000. Housing is expensive - the average being $750,000 and interest rates are probably not going to stay at 3% (for a mortgage), for ever.

If a flat tax is introduced with a 1 page tax code, will accountants be unemployed?

Accountants are useful people. And when it comes to tax they can be very handy. And even when you simplify the tax code they will still have some work. What are your tax deductible expenses? Unless this tax code did not allow for expenses to be deducted which is common practice for a company - bosses have to know if they are profitable or not. There would have to be some definition of what expenses were. And that can get complicated. If you don’t allow deductions you encourage people to reduce their taxation by buying out their suppliers and distributors - thus getting vertical integration. What is the case law? Even a simple tax law will generate case law. Most people would not be keeping up with this - Accountants will. Crime is a taxable activity. NZ once decided a gun was a legitimate business expense for a criminal. Dealing with the tax department One page tax codes will not be enough. What is your policy for late payments?. What is your policy for negotiating with tax department creditors - that is going to take more than one page. What about foreign currency - that is income two so what exchange rate is going to be used? Where do people make payments?. How about audits, what auditing powers do people have. What reporting obligations do people have - do banks have to file interest earned forms with the tax department? Double taxation? If the company pays tax, do you have to pay tax on your dividends? If you earn taxed money overseas do you have to pay tax on that income again? What about double taxation treaties?. Do you pay tax on your property tax - you are after all buying services from the local government (This occurs in New Zealand - GST is charged on rates). Is state income tax deductible on federal taxes? Accounts would still be needed. Management need to know the financial situation of a company. What are their expenses, what are their income? What is the profit. And for this you need accountants. The Irish and New Zealand situation I live in New Zealand, but also lived in Ireland. Taxes were simpler. Both nations used multiple tax rates rather than a flat tax. Ireland had multiple taxes on the worker. In both nations people who earned money on a pay as you go basis (i.e. deducted from your income at source). You did not need an accountant to deal with the tax department. It was only people that earned money outside of employment which needed to file returns. For the rest of the population most of their taxes were done by their employer, The USA has an industry with a vested interest in having people file tax returns. This industry also has a vested interest in complex system so that people will need their help. New Zealand has an industry where they go out and ask people to file tax returns so that the person can get a refund! - if they find you owe money they will tell you to do nothing unless the IRD asks for a tax return.

Is New Zealand aligned more to America than to Great Britain?

Cultural: the second wave of immigrants arrived from UK and determine much of the country's lifestyle context. There's a whole subject comparing British emigration and effects on nation formation. Overall I'd say NZ is still more similar to UK than USA. Legal: NZ law has antecedence in English law, not from USA Political: although NZ only has a single chamber, the constituency system has more similarities to UK than USA. We could also say that the political parties have policies that are more similar to UK than US, meaning social and economic interventions and also regard for international institutions. Smaller nations tend to rely on international legal systems to counterbalance super-power nations that can abide by or ignore as suits them. Plus you can't overlook the Head of State thing. Economic: NZ tax system seems more similar to UK than USA. eg simple income tax, flat GST, regional rates. USA seems to have much more complex taxes due to federal, state and city taxes independently set. And retail prices exclude tax which is an inconvenience to the consumer. In summary I'd still consider NZ more aligned to UK than USA.

What are the pros and cons of living in Australia vs United States when one is considering immigrating to one of these countries?

Having lived in Sydney for almost all of my life, and travelled to the United States, I can observe a lot of the following from my trips first hand (no particular order): As many people mentioned before, ,health care,. Health care is arguably better in Australia because of its universal system. Which means that the taxpayer forks out a certain portion of their income for medicare to run. So when you go to the clinic in Australia, just show your medicare card and then they’ll just bill the government and you don’t have to pay anything. Whereas in the US you have to pay upfront with your own money after the check up, then claim co-payment with your private healthcare insurance. Medicine costs in Australia are much cheaper than the US as a result of medicare bulk buying medicine and negotiating with manufacturers. Pharmacy prescriptions in Australia are typically typed up and are machine friendly (scan barcode, QR code), whereas US pharmacy prescriptions are still handwritten on paper with messy writing. Mobile Data Mobile data is VERY Expensive in the United States. You have to pay US$30 for 2GB of data on T-mobile (cheapest prepaid, I’d assume plans might be slightly cheaper). I have seen plans for 10GB as US$80. Expensive for those who stream YouTube and go on Instagram while commuting to and from work on public transport. Mobile data is much cheaper in Australia, since the big 3 telcos are heavily competing against each other. You can get as low as 2GB for A$3 on a Vodafone prepaid sim for a day. But usually you pay A$40 for 10GB of data. Not to mention the number of MVNOs who undercut the big 3 telcos and sell data packs for way cheaper (20 or more different companies). American vs Australian citizenship: US Citizenship is given based on birthright, but Australian citizenship is not granted by birth but rather having at least one parent who is a permanent resident or citizen of Australia; US Citizens only have working rights in the US, whereas Australian citizens have working rights in both Australia and New Zealand; US Citizenship and green card process runs on a lottery process and requires sponsorship from your company. Australian citizenship and PR process runs on points based system. A job lined up is not a requirement to pass the points test but it’s essential. Working: Annual leave: USA has no mandatory law that companies have to give for annual leave. For most companies it can be around two weeks. On the other hand, Australia has minimum four weeks of paid annual leave for permanent positions (full time and part time by law. Superannuation and 401k schemes: 401k schemes are completely optional in the United States but superannuation is compulsory for all Australians who are working. Employers must contribute at least 9.5% of the weekly income to a Superfund. Bureaucracy and government services: Australia is better on this one, because many processes are done online - from medicare, dealing with Centrelink issues, filing taxes to the ATO, etc. Whilst federal has somewhat improved, I can certainly vouch that the NSW state government has done a HUGE online transformation. Almost all paperwork is done online and you can considerably see much less bloat in state government. Federal government has a lot of bloat but not as much as the US. Overall systems are quite efficient in what they do. United States - you still have to deal with paper processes with the IRS, DMV, Social Security and what not. There are some online processes in the US but still heavily paper based. Which means more bloat and administration costs (waste of taxpayer money). Expect your forms to not get through and have lots of incorrect names and details. Systems here are generally super inefficient. Taxation: Australia has a tax-free threshold up to $18,200, which means people earning below that amount don’t even need to pay tax (but you do have to claim it back). What a relief for the poorest people in society. However tax brackets go up to 45% as the highest marginal rate. Capital gains tax should be 45% as well. Taxpayer dollar waste is somewhat minimal thanks to streamlining and automation processes which eliminate lots of paper processing and inefficiencies. The US doesn’t have a tax-free threshold which means even if you earn so little you still have to pay tax on that. Which means you are poorer if you are working class. Middle to upper class people don’t get taxed as much compared to Australia. However, I feel that lots of taxpayers money is being wasted since most of it isn’t invested into the people but rather to fulfil the wants of large corporations. Lifestyle of cities: Australia’s cities seem pretty walkable. Public transport is decent because there are ample buses and trains. It’s still somewhat a car centric culture but not as much as the US. Some areas of the US are walkable, but you are generally handicapped if you don’t have a car. Try getting around the San Gabriel Valley (California) without a car and you’ll see what I mean. Public Transportation: Australia: Public transport is decent, especially the bus system in Sydney, Melbourne and Brisbane. It’s great within the CBD and within a 10km radius but not in the suburbs. Public transport systems get maintained and cleaned everyday, but trackwork is annoying at times when they close off an entire railway line just to fix something that can be done in 6 hours instead of 48 hours. Prices are quite reasonable relative to the cost of living (still expensive compared to HK or SG). Sydney and Melbourne train stations look much cleaner and presentable compared to the US. United States: “Public transport is for poor people”. I also went on the NYC Subway and it’s super dirty because the subway runs 24/7 and never cleans up. BART in SF is super expensive and poor value for money. LA public transportation only gets you to certain areas and misses a lot of the SGV and surrounding areas. Gun ownership:, You can hold firearms in the USA but not in Australia. Public Safety: Australia: great because no firearms and crime is relatively minimal even in lower income or lower SES areas. In most parts of Sydney for example, you can walk around 2am in the neighbourhood and you won’t be worried. United States: most areas are fine if they’re affluent, but once you hit working class and poorer areas I’d suggest you keep an eye on your shoulder. (Case in point: I went to LA and as soon as I went through East LA I felt scared for my life and I was relieved when I arrived in Monterey Park) Buying and using of goods and services: Australia is considerably more expensive on this one, since products are usually 30–40% more expensive compared to the US. Online shopping for many electronic goods are expensive in Australia, hell we don’t even have a proper Amazon yet because many electronic goods don’t ship here. US products are much cheaper as a whole thanks to economies of scale and a lot more local production. However, Australia has a flat 10% GST you have to pay which is included in the price. Transparency FTW. Meanwhile in the US you have federal, state, local and city taxes on top of the listed price, which then makes it annoying to pay for consumer goods since you need a calculator to find the final paying price. Australia doesn’t require tipping for service. The US on the other hand it’s customary to pay 15% tip on everything. Education System: Australian primary and secondary schools require uniforms to be worn. US schools do not require uniforms. Overall Australia’s education system is much better compared to the US one. US education system lacks funding especially within primary and secondary schooling. Australia’s rankings with PISA scores beat those of the US. Schooling conditions in Australia are generally better, teachers are paid very well (A$62K starting salary for teachers, rising up to A$100K compared to US$40K, and smaller rises in the USA) However the US universities are much better compared to Australian universities in terms of research output and quality. This is due to the amount of funding obtained from private sector and government grants. Australia lacks that due to a smaller population and smaller talent pool. Australian universities usually provide better value for money in terms of job prospects. A$30,000 would be a typical cost of a 3 year degree in Australia, while that’s how much you have to pay for one year in the United States. International students like to flock to Australia due to its cheaper fees, better ROI and a chance to get PR. Air Travel, (now don’t get me started on this one) As someone mentioned earlier, airfares to Asia are cheaper from Australia due to its geographical proximity. You can visit Singapore, Malaysia, New Zealand, Phillipines and some other destinations for cheap thanks to Scoot, Jetstar, AirAsia and low cost airlines. Cheaper travels FTW. Australians travel more than Americans do, and a higher percentage of Australians hold a passport (45%) compared to Americans (30%?). In Australia, the aviation market has heaps of competition which then drives down prices especially with the NZ, Europe, SEA and Japan markets. Whereas in the US it’s still dominated by the US3 (AA, DL and UA) and flights can be expensive internally. Customer service in Australia based flights I have found to be much better due to less stress and more performance based incentives. Whereas customer service in the US is appalling in comparison, due to strong labor unions which prevent under-performing workers from being sacked. Australia’s airports just look way superior because it’s tied to improving the travel experience of people. US airports just tend to be places that get you from point A to point B. Australia’s SmartGate beats US Global Entry program anytime. SmartGate clears customs faster and allows entry for more citizens of different countries. I probably do sound biased to Australia but this is what I have seen from my own observations. Might edit later on.

If you were to be elected as prime minister on Monday, what would you do differently to the current government to make the UK the best it can be in every way possible?

I would do the following: .*Get Brexit done. *have mutual recognition of the pharmaceutical, agricultural, electrical and safety standards of EU, USA, Canada, NZ, Australia and any other country we deem to have equivalent standards, so any item only needs to be tested once at their country of origin. *bring in ID cards linked to a central database holding biometric data. ID necessary for all employment, health care, benefits, housing, car rental, rail/air/sea travel, banking, bed and breakfast/hotels etc. UK passports ok for the interim. *build new Detention Centres for anyone who has no valid ID. Illegal immigrants should not be allowed to move freely in the U.K. *slash Corporation Tax (preferably to zero, but at least down to 10%) *slash planning regulations and fast track planning for infrastructure and business development. Have government subsidies to boost new business, especially in the new technologies (Space, AI, Batteries etc). Cornwall is already the new Silicon Valley and (hopefully) Space Port, and this needs to be encouraged. Boost Free Ports. *get on with Heathrow expansion (or alternatively Boris Island if you prefer - a decision MUST be made), HS2, HS3 (the Northern City link) and the Oxbridge Express Link rapidly. HS4 to Bristol, Exeter, Plymouth, Truro and Penzance. No more delay. All complete in 5 yrs. *completely reform our taxation system to simplify it and remove stupid marginal rates. Get rid of National Insurance and Capital Gains Tax. Have two rates on income tax with virtually no allowances except the initial personal allowance. All income (whether earnings, capital gains, dividends, unearned, earnings in kind such as shares) would be taxed in the same way via income tax. This would obviously include the over 65s who currently do not pay NI. *set said income tax rates at an appropriate level to achieve the rest of the manifesto. Rates of 35% and 50% would seem to be appropriate for my proposed levels of spending. Increase the tax free allowance to 13K and 80K for the respective rates. I would also be happy to debate a single “flat tax” rate of say 40% - ie no higher rate at all, but perhaps with a higher initial allowance of 15K. Extensive modelling would be required to determine what the appropriate rates should be for the required spending plans. *all board members and executives of companies basing themselves in the U.K. (eg to take advantage of very low Corporation Tax) need to be resident in U.K. for tax purposes. *investigate the implementation of either a Universal Basic Income, or a Negative Income Tax, which would replace the personal allowance, state pension and most benefits. Both these would vastly simplify welfare and mean that there are no silly repressive marginal tax rates. It does mean the basic tax rates have to be higher though. *restrict Child Benefit to two children only - but at a higher rate than currently. I might be tempted to have a much higher level of child benefit for married couples, since successful marriage has been shown to be so beneficial in the upbringing of children. *maintain/update Trident but take it out of the defence budget, and increase said budget to 3% of GDP *have a MASSIVE building program for council houses and first time homes. Set council house rents at about £100 per week. Support the release of 100% or 110% (deposit free) mortgages to allow credit worthy youngsters onto the property market. *the above building program needs to be linked to a large apprenticeship program to produce more brickies, plumbers, electricians and the like to implement this. This will grow the economy with its Keynesian effect. *cut degree places by 40%, except for places in medicine and engineering which need to be doubled. Make apprenticeships the normal route (after A-levels) for nursing, teaching (up to GCSE level), accountancy, NHS middle/junior management and local government management. *student debt is appalling: hence abolish student fees and introduce non means tested maintenance grants (adult children should not be dependent on parents) *remove funding of Social Care from local councils, funding it from the central NHS budget. Fund care home places realistically from central funds. Pensioners should not have to go through the lottery of funding their own care aka the Dementia Tax. All care homes to have a linked GP who visits daily to help prevent hospital admissions. Have a higher minimum wage (£15?) for all carers in the Social Care sector. *remove 50% of bureaucrats/managers in the NHS. All senior NHS managers should be promoted from senior doctors or nurses, not from NHS middle management. Managers will be the servants of the senior medical staff. *redesign A&Es across the country so that all have an initial holding area to act as an initial assessment area and drunk tank. Have good security presence here and very rapidly move on sober and unwell patients to the other A&E facilities. All A&Es to have a linked secure mental illness ward and a linked emergency geriatric ward. *make sure every region has a range of facilities to deal with those sleeping rough, including wet and dry hostels. In the long term go for a “Houses First” policy. *make it illegal to beg or sleep on the streets - anyone doing this would be immediately arrested, and then directed to the appropriate detention centre/hostel/mental health ward. *abolish anonymity for any public online service. Facebook, Twitter etc etc would have to check your ID number (see above) and then your name, age and profession would have to be displayed. This would stop underage participation, and limit trolling and other such abuse, as well as helping to protect freedom of speech. *have community sentences (tags, bans, curfews, compulsory courses, reparation work) for any crime that does not involve violence or threat of violence. The only exception to this would be for people who break the terms of their community sentence. Carrying offensive weapons (such as knives over 3 inches and acid in a container less than 3L) automatically counts as a threat of violence). Abolish short sentences - the minimum prison sentence should be 1 year. People convicted of Terrorism, Treason or child/serial Murder should be given whole life sentences with no prospect of parole. They should be kept cheaply in specialist prisons in solitary confinement so they can not communicate, plot or radicalise whilst incarcerated - ie effectively the Death Penalty without the death! *change sentencing policy so prisoners serve the full sentence they are given. Poor behaviour means time is added on. Drug taking in prison (for those not on a drug treatment program) counts as poor behaviour. *reform parliament by completing the constituency review, reducing MPs to 600, having House of Lords as a house of 400 appointees of a limited tenure (20 yrs).

What are the perks of living in Canada?

Safety net - universal healthcare, inexpensive education. Taxes are a bit higher compared to the U.S., especially in the higher tax brackets, but I am more than happy to pay the difference in exchange to what I am getting. By the way, I am originally Russian and used to pay 6% flat rate tax there - I am quite happy to move to 50%-ish marginal tax in Canada, in this case you get what you pay for. Climate. Having lived in subtropical and temperate climate zones, I prefer dry subarctic climate. I live in a mountainous area, we have +25C maximum in summer time, which is great. And we have -30~-40C in winter for a week or two, which is also great. Same time zones as in the U.S. - it’s way easier to work with the American companies from Canada rather than from the Europe. North American culture - people are way more relaxed and law-abiding. I think that 2–4 are not unique to Canada - you can get the same in the U.S. too. What really makes the difference is safety nets. And all other English-speaking countries do not have 2–4. This is why I wanted to immigrate to Canada, having the U.S. as the second choice and UK/AU/NZ as the third. And I am very happy that I’ve made it.