Tag

mercedes benz rj Related Articles

2021 Mercedes-Benz CLS facelift at Shanghai Auto - this or the Audi A7?

Alongside the long-wheelbase Mercedes-Benz C-Class L, the 2021 Mercedes-Benz CLS facelift also made appearance

Spied: 2020 Mercedes-Benz GLB caught, Malaysia launch next?

The 2020 Mercedes-Benz GLB has been caught undisguised in Indonesia, hinting that the model will be launched

The original Baby Benz – The history of the Mercedes-Benz W201

When the Mercedes-Benz W201 made its debut in December 1982, its looks were far from unique.

Mercedes-Benz showcases updated MBUX for 2021 W223 Mercedes-Benz S-Class

With its launch slated for September, Mercedes-Benz will be releasing more videos surrounding its all-new

Mercedes-Benz MBUX is the best out there, but..

Mercedes-Benz User Experience, or MBUX for short, is the company’s latest and greatest infotainment

No moratorium for Mercedes-Benz Malaysia's customers, but customers are OK with it

Mercedes-Benz Services Malaysia, the leasing and financing arm of Mercedes-Benz Malaysia, will not be

Volvo Cars welcomes ex-Mercedes-Benz designer

Volvo Cars welcomes former Mercedes-Benz designer Claudia Braun and former Facebook web designer Thomas

Mercedes-Benz Malaysia led the premium segment in 2019

With a total of 10,020 cars sold and a 1.8 percent market share in 2019, Mercedes-Benz Malaysia (MBM)

2021 Mercedes-Benz GLE 350de diesel PHEV launched in Thailand

Well, since the oil-burner isn’t that popular here, we will miss out on this 2021 Mercedes-Benz

Next-gen 2021 W206 Mercedes-Benz C-Class rendered

Introduced at the tail end of 2013, the current generation W205 Mercedes-Benz C-Class is approaching

View More

Owner Review: The King of S-Class by Mercedes-Benz - My W140 Mercedes-Benz S600

** This article is the personal experience of a 1995 Mercedes-Benz S600 owner and does not necessarily

Operations at Mercedes-Benz Malaysia and Mercedes-Benz Services Malaysia are up and running

As the Movement Control Order (MCO) eases up, Mercedes-Benz Malaysia and Mercedes-Benz Services Malaysia

This new key fob will come with all future Mercedes-Benz models

Alongside the introduction of the all-new W223 Mercedes-Benz S-Class, the Stuttgart-based also gave its

All-new 2021 (W206) Mercedes-Benz C-Class to be revealed on 23 February

The all-new 2021 Mercedes-Benz C-Class will make its global debut virtually on 23 February.

Spyshot: All-new Mercedes-Benz B-Class caught in Malaysia, launch soon?

The all-new third-generation Mercedes-Benz B-Class is expected to be launched in Malaysia soon, as we

Annoyed with cheaters, Mercedes-Benz Thailand releases verified Q1 sales figures

Mercedes-Benz Thailand has overtaken BMW to become Thailand’s No.1-selling luxury automotive brand

New insurance plans for your Mercedes-Benz vehicle

Mercedes-Benz Services Malaysia (MBSM) has three new protection plans for all Mercedes-Benz car owners

Mercedes-Benz GLC Coupe facelift – so what has changed?

The new Mercedes-Benz GLC Coupe facelift has just been launched in Malaysia alongside its regular SUV

Mercedes-Benz tweeted a tease for the all-new Mercedes-Benz GLA

Mercedes-Benz is counting down the minutes to the world premier of the all-new Mercedes-Benz GLA with

Mercedes-Benz EQS unveiled, 770 km range and ready for L3 autonomous driving

Mercedes-Benz has just unveiled its new addition to its EV lineup, the Mercedes-Benz EQS.

Mercedes-Benz Malaysia Commemorates 15 Years Of Production At Pekan Plant

Mercedes-Benz Malaysia has also started production of left-hand drive vehicles for the Philippines market.President

Indonesia launches all-new 2021 V223 Mercedes-Benz S-Class ahead of Malaysia

PT Mercedes-Benz Distribution Indonesia (MBDI) has just introduced the all-new 2021 V223 (long wheelbase

2020 Mercedes-Benz C300 AMG Line drops Airmatic suspension

Mercedes-Benz Malaysia has quietly revised the specifications of the Mercedes-Benz C300 AMG Line.

Mercedes-Benz C-Class and E-Class Coupe to be discontinued

The writings on the wall for Mercedes-Benz’s slow-selling models, as the company aims to axe at

Mercedes-Benz Malaysia gets connected with Mercedes me services

Along with the launch of the Mercedes-Benz GLC and GLC Coupe, Mercedes-Benz Malaysia also launched the

Check out Mercedes-Benz Malaysia’s elaborate CNY video!

Mercedes-Benz Malaysia’s 30 second Chinese New Year video, titled World of CNY, might look like

Rendered: 2021 Mercedes-Benz C-Class W206 – Ageing Mercedes needs an urgent update

Based on photographs of a camouflaged 2021 Mercedes-Benz C-Class W206,we decided to have a go at peeling

Mercedes-Benz CLA handles worse than a Kia Picanto?

stability control.The term was coined after Swedish car magazine Teknikens Varld flipped over a first-gen Mercedes-Benz

Spied: All-new W206 Mercedes-Benz C-Class spotted without camouflage!

Seen here is a spyshot of the all-new (W206) Mercedes-Benz C-Class without any camouflage.

With 'Mercedes me', the new 2020 Mercedes-Benz GLC is now more you

(2020 Mercedes-Benz GLC Prices & Specs | Gallery)The new 2020 Mercedes-Benz GLC has just been launched

mercedes benz rj Related Images

mercedes benz rj Related Car Videos

  • Mercedes Benz Rj -RJ's Mercedes Benz 560SEL

  • Circuito Ceasa Mercedes-Benz RJ

  • YG - I Wanna Benz Ft. Nipsey Hussle & 50 Cent

  • Mercedes Benz Rj -Circuito Ceasa Mercedes-Benz RJ

  • RJ, CEO Of ZYNC - Keynote Presentation At Handelsblatt Autogipfel 2021

  • Mercedes Benz Rj -Rj - Ride Wit Me (Official Music Video)

  • Mercedes-Benz R-Class Car Review - You've Probably Never Heard Of It

  • Watch What You Say

  • RJ (Pushaz Ink) - Watch What You Say [OMMIO 2]

  • Som Do Mercedes-Benz O-500U E5 (Voith) - SOGAL/SIT 158

mercedes benz rj Post Review

No Caption Needed 💕 . . #nocaptionneeded #mrunalmaddy #mercedes #benz #myrjmaddy #nocaption #nofilter #surat #singer #goodnight #party #rj #instadaily #instagood #permagardprotection @PermagardIndia https://t.co/MPAzE94Ibv

@carandbike @amazondotin Ans) Mercedes Benz S-Class #cnbweeklycontest @carandbike Join friends @Ramhari97 @mevenkyy @blessedkamal @chilled_Sup @GURVINDER_M @sanketdhende @kapil_vinayak_ @insouciant_rv @rj_foryou @lavishpatni07 @SassyAnokhi_ @fashionistaTS @sandipdey_ @rijhwani_h https://t.co/2D03HDhGgc

I'M WAS NEVER RENEWED MY MERCEDES BENZ LICENSE DISK THIS YEAR SEAP RJ https://t.co/A3s2ZOAjxA

@MercedesBenzInd A2) C. Wilhelm Maybach the only engineer at DMG who inspired the luxurious Maybach range at Mercedes-Benz #StarBehindTheStar @MercedesBenzInd Join now @Mj180Shiva @rj_foryou @kapil_vinayak_ @acidkidrock @THEMURTUZA @mysterioussu @Singh3315V @KJVchaitanya @The_Amruta06 https://t.co/5xrecf9igD

Our Sales Executive Tony is at this year's #HighwaysUK at the #NECBirmingham ! He’ll be there today and tomorrow with this RJ Holbrook Mercedes-Benz #Econic complete with a Fruehauf Agriroll Conveyor Floor body. Stop by and say hello if you’re around 🚙🚙👍 https://t.co/gdv3GWdZsk

(Las Vegas RJ) #Mercedes-#Benz battery plant project still moving forward : Last.. https://t.co/eQh7DBpKvE https://t.co/5kqejNBpcr

IT WILL BE MORE FUN AS MERCEDES BENZ YOU WAS TRANSFERRED PRISONERS SEAP RJ https://t.co/S1eaZjLVSL

@MercedesBenzInd A2) Mercedes-Benz S-Class #25YearsOfMercedes Join now and win amazing merchandises from @MercedesBenzInd @Stubborn001 @Oye_kanchu @rj_foryou @Celina_Tweets @sachin_contest https://t.co/tXyervwLQ6

just rj casually riding in a mercedes-benz https://t.co/LbnE5VWZwV

Which NFL stadiums have you been to? https://t.co/uQpBb1iVjv

mercedes benz rj Q&A Review

Why don't bigger car companies such as Ford start producing electric cars, eliminating Tesla's presence in the emerging market, thus claiming said market share for themselves?

General Motors, Nissan and Mitsubishi already are selling mass-market electric vehicles, but they're still more costly than cars with gasoline engines, and they haven't sold in great numbers. ( USA Not included ) Higher cost is one reason consumers are not yet buying purely electric vehicles in large numbers. The lack of charging points is another, leaving many owners of electric vehicles to use them mainly in cities or for shorter trips. Volkswagen and other automakers are working together on building a freeway network of fast-charging stations to enable longer trips with battery powered cars. VW's growth plan is ,heavily focused on electric vehicles, and investments in "sustainable mobility." It aims to boost its operating margin to between 7% and 8% by 2025 (from 6% in 2015, excluding special items related to the diesel scandal), and to hold its distribution ratio at about 30%. Toyota's growth plan is more of an incremental one. Like several of its rivals (including VW and GM), Toyota is in the process of moving most of its vehicles to a shared architecture. That's expected to reduce costs and increase the speed with which it can launch new models and variants. Dieter Zetsche, ,President August 2018,: ,Porsche just released some new specs, about the upcoming Taycan electric car. As expected the electric sedan will make more than 600 horsepower in total system power and come with 800-volt charging capability, which will give the car enough juice to go 400 km. (248 mi.) in just 15 minutes of charging. Overall, Porsche proclaims an electric range of 500 km. (about 310 mi.) and a 0-100 kph time of three and a half seconds. Porsche says it has built "three figures" worth of Taycan prototypes altogether. PorscheTaycan will ride on a custom-built platform called J1 with a big space in the floor for its hulking lithium-ion battery. The Taycan will come with multiple variants. ,Reportedly,, the three initial power outputs offered will be 402 hp, 536 hp, and 670 hp. Daimler- Mercedes-Benz, has a message for Tesla CEO Elon Musk: It’s putting money into electric vehicles. Daimler’s provocation was in response to Musk’s own tweet sent over the weekend that expressed disappointment in the German automaker’s announcement it was going to ,invest $1 billion into its Alabama factory, to produce an electric SUV for North America there. Daimler announced Sept. 21 that it plans to produce a Mercedes electric SUV under a new brand called EQ at the VANCE, Tuscaloosa, Ala. factory for the North American sales. The automaker is also building a separate battery plant next to the factory. The EQ brand will cover a number of electric products, from vehicles and charging services to home energy storage units. Mercedes-Benz is fervently working on fully-autonomous driving technology, the EQC will only come with driver assist features like automatic emergency brakes, adaptive cruise control and self-steering lane-keeping assist. It’s built-in navigation system is also optimized for electric operation, with routes taking range and charging times into account. Pricing for the EQC revealed its arrival in U.S. showrooms in 2019, but competitive with the I-Pace, which starts at $69,500. FRANKFURT -- Volkswagen intends to invest 44 billion euros ($50 billion) in the electric and autonomous car technologies expected to reshape the industry -- and said it would make battery-powered vehicles more accessible to mass-market auto buyers by selling its new I.D. compact for about what a Golf diesel costs. The investment plans for the next five years aim to make Volkswagen "a worldwide supplier of sustainable mobility," Chairman Hans Dieter Poetsch said Friday. He added that the company is in talks with Ford about possible co-operation in making light commercial vehicles. Established automakers as well as several U.S. startups are rolling out electric models to compete with Tesla , currently the market leader. Auto companies need electrics to meet new environmental standards in many countries. Dezhou city is the biggest production base of electric car of China, developed various vehicle types with decades production experience and strong technical strength. . BYD on the ,ChinaEV, blog, the e6 will be a fleet-only vehicle in the U.S, as the company instead concentrates on its electric bus sales in North America. BYD, which stands for 'Build Your Dreams', makes a range of vehicles in the Asia-Pacific market, from compact cars right up to commercial vehicles and buses. The e6 electric crossover will be part of those plans, but any hopes the vehicle would be available for private purchase in the U.S. have now fallen through, at least for the time being. Instead, says BYD's Stella Li, the company will focus on taxi fleets. BYD recently held an opening event for its Lancaster plant in California, where the electric buses are produced. While the battery cells are imported from China, assembly and several other components are sourced from American companies. For most Americans then, their first taste of BYD's products won't be behind the wheel, but as a passenger in its electric buses and taxis. The company recently announced those projects may be coming to an end, as it seeks to stem falling profits ,by putting more effort into hybrid and electric vehicles,. BYD China Electric car not to be sold in the USA, Chinese automakers as well as U.S. startup companies also are getting into the electric car market. Rivian, a Detroit-area company, plans to unveil a high-end electric pickup and SUV later this month, to go on sale in late 2020. Lucid Motors, a Newark, California, startup whose leadership includes six former Tesla executives, plans to deliver its first cars in 2020 as well. Saudis Invest $1B In Newark-Based Electric Car Firm Lucid Motors The investment “will provide the necessary funding to commercially launch Lucid’s first electric vehicle, the Lucid Air, in 2020,” the sovereign wealth fund said in a statement. “The company plans to use the funding to complete engineering development and testingof the Lucid Air, construct its factory in Arizona, enter production for the Lucid Air to begin the global rollout of the company’s retail strategy starting in North America.” (Lucid Motors) Lucid issued a statement quoting Peter Rawlinson, its chief technology officer, welcoming the investment. “At Lucid, we will demonstrate the full potential of the electric-connected vehicle in order to push the industry forward,” said Rawlinson, who worked as the lead engineer of the Tesla Model S before joining Lucid. The over $1 billion investment easily dwarfs prior funding for the manufacturer and puts Saudi Arabia clearly in the firm’s driver seat. Three previous venture funding rounds have netted Lucid Motors some $131 million, according to the business information website ,http://crunchbase.com,. The firm’s all-electric Lucid Air will have a range of over 400 miles (640 kilometers). The company already is taking deposits for the vehicle, which they’ve priced at $52,500. Lucid plans to make the Air at a factory it’s building in Casa Grande, Arizona. The company wants to make up to 130,000 vehicles per year by 2022. BYD China Taxi Fleet FORD CHINA HAS A COMPLETE LINE OF ELECTRIC CARS TO COMPETE WITH TESLA AND ALL THE OTHERS. WITH THE WAR TRADE AND THE 25% DUTY BY THE TRUMP ADMINISTRATION GROUP …FORD IS EXPANDING EVERY WHERE ELSE …. THEY USE THE SAME BATTERIES DESIGN BY PANASONIC THAT SUPPLIES TESLA , TOYOTA AND MANY OTHERS CAR MANUFACTURER. Ford China Electric 2019 Models Ford, China's Zotye Auto invest $756 million in electric vehicle JV HONG KONG (Reuters) -October 3, 2017 Ford Motor and China’s Anhui Zotye Automobile have agreed to invest a combined $756 million to set up a 50-50 joint venture in China to build electric passenger vehicles, both companies said on Wednesday. The new joint venture, Zotye Ford Automobile Co. Ltd, plans to build a manufacturing plant in Zhejiang province and will sell all-electric vehicles under a new Chinese brand, tapping into a boom for such vehicles in the world’s top auto market, Ford Motor said in a statement. Ford Motor Co., is counting on the SUV -- and a new electric car tie-up -- to turn around its flagging fortunes in the world’s largest car market. FORD Anhui Zotye Automobile Co Ltd Economic Technology Dev Zone She County Hunagshan, 245200 China 86-559-6537-806 The Company produces automotive instruments, automotive wiring harnesses, car sensors, motorcycle instruments, motorcycle sensors, and other products. Anhui Zotye Automobile also operates investment businesses. The Territory model will be the first of several SUVs Ford is rolling out in China to win customers who are passing on the company’s aging lineup amid a trade war that has further dented demand by boosting prices of imported models. Ford also plans to launch a range of electric small cars in China with ,Anhui Zotye Automobile Co., to tap the growing demand for new-energy vehicles, Peter Fleet, Ford’s president of Asia Pacific, said on a conference Tuesday. DETROIT — The latest electric vehicle startup doesn't come from a tech titan, and it isn't funded by the checkbook of a Chinese billionaire. Rivian Automotive is spearheaded by MIT graduate RJ Scaringe, 35, who founded the company after finishing his graduate studies and has so far raised $450 million in funding. The venture is nearly a decade old, putting it in the elder-statesmen range of startups, but it has evolved its product strategy and timetable over the past seven years.It moved its headquarters from Florida to suburban Detroit, acquired an existing assembly plant in Normal, Ill., resolved to focus on electric vehicles, and now employs about 450 people in Michigan, California and Illinois. Rivian will debut two vehicles, an SUV and a pickup, at next month's AutoMobility LA. The company is eager to introduce itself to potential customers and begin taking deposits on its launch vehicles, which are expected to be produced and begin shipping mid-2020. "We're launching a vehicle that has to deliver a lot of technology — electrification, connectivity, self-driving," Scaringe said last week during a presentation at ,Automotive News' ,office. He said it has to be "a brand that can transcend the shifts away from ownership and steering wheels." Rivian's strategy will be to focus on high-end utility vehicles and trucks made for the outdoors, more functional than current offerings from the likes of European carmakers, Cadillac and its startup EV competitors. On Rivian developing its own self-driving technology: Rivian is developing low-level self-driving technology that can function in clearly defined situations and geofenced areas, but Scaringe said the company isn't funded or staffed to pursue full self-driving systems that go anywhere at anytime, also referred to as Level 5 autonomy in reference to SAE standards. "The world has become massively confused with what is self-driving," he said. "Level 5 is really hard. This is not something you can do with $100 million. This is Manhattan Project-style hard. Automakers have concluded that improvements in battery technology and declining battery prices will enable them to produce electric cars with much greater range. Mr. Westerman’s 600 miles may be unlikely soon, but far speedier recharging times are becoming a reality. For electric cars over all, one big hurdle is the availability of charging stations. While more are popping up in shopping centers and parking garages, with about 20,000 in the United States, they are vastly outnumbered by the 150,000 gas stations across the country. Homeowners can install charging units in garages, but the millions who live in apartments don’t have that option. Tesla’s Superchargers require 40 minutes to provide an 80 percent charge. Doing the trick at home is generally an overnight job. Automakers are trying to address those challenges. G.M., Nissan, Volkswagen and others are working with partners to install more chargers. They are getting help from Electrify America, a company that Volkswagen funded as part of its agreement to settle lawsuits over its deception on diesel emissions. With a budget of $2 billion, Electrify America is aiming to install an initial wave of 600 chargers at gas stations, and 1,500 at office parks and apartment buildings. Three more waves are to follow. But even so, Electrify America’s network will probably provide only 10 percent of the country’s charging needs by 2021, the company’s chief executive, Giovanni Palazzo, said at the Los Angeles Auto Show in November. Tesla’s Superchargers require 40 minutes to provide an 80 percent charge. Doing the trick at home is generally an overnight job. “We can’t make it happen on our own,” he said. “We need more players.” Electrify America is also hoping to install 350-kilowatt chargers within the next few years, which in theory could provide a full charge in about 15 minutes. About 80 percent of the chargers currently installed use 120 kilowatts, Mr. Palazzo said. One advantage that automakers are counting on is the wider variety of cars they will bring to the market. The Model 3, the Chevrolet Bolt and the Nissan Leaf are all small cars, a type of vehicle that fewer Americans are buying. Like Ford, Nissan is working on a roomier, S.U.V.-like model that it thinks will have wider appeal. “We can’t make it happen on our own,” he said. “We need more players.” Electrify America is also hoping to install 350-kilowatt chargers within the next few years, which in theory could provide a full charge in about 15 minutes. About 80 percent of the chargers currently installed use 120 kilowatts, Mr. Palazzo said. One advantage that automakers are counting on is the wider variety of cars they will bring to the market. The Model 3, the Chevrolet Bolt and the Nissan Leaf are all small cars, a type of vehicle that fewer Americans are buying. Like Ford, Nissan is working on a roomier, S.U.V.-like model that it thinks will have wider appeal. You can reach Shiraz Ahmed at ,sahmed@crain.com, -- Follow Shiraz on Twitter: ,@shirazzzz Panasonic leading the race Panasonic is dominating the EV battery market with 36% market share (end 2015), thanks to its monopoly in supplying Tesla. With Tesla Model S being the best-selling EV while requiring greater kWh for battery pack vs. others, Panasonic’s battery sales (MWh) jumped 67% YoY. Thanks to aggressive subsidies levied by the Chinese government in promoting EVs during 2H15, BYD’s battery sales more than doubled (+146% YoY). LG Chem and SDI continue to maintain their respective No.3 and No.6 market shares, with both showing +60% YoY sales growth. Panasonic has the biggest US exposure, followed by LG Chem and SDI With Tesla as the best-selling EV in 2015, with 25,000 Model S sales, Panasonic has the biggest exposure in the US EV market, followed by LG Chem and SDI. Panasonic will likely retain its top market share in the US with the completion of 35GW battery cell plant (50GW pack) in Nevada in 2017, which will be in time for the release of Model 3 EV. The recent pre-order numbers disclosed by Tesla are for more than 400,000 units. LG Chem operates 2GW battery capacity in Holland, Michigan, which was completed at end-2012 and partially operational from 2013. LG Chem is capable of further expanding its US plant without having to invest heavily in infrastructures, as the plant was originally designed to house further capacities. Separately, LG Chem is planning to construct a 1GW battery facility in Wroclaw, Poland by 2H17 to supply European automakers. LG Chem’s flagship EVs in US/EU includes GM Volt/Bolt, Renault Zoe, and Nissan Leaf. SDI has no battery plants located in the US or EU, but plans for sizeable investments centered around the EU and China for the next five years. Its flagship EV model is BMW i3 (battery supplied from Korea), which was the 5th best-selling EV globally in 2015. 201.6 V Prismatic Battery /,Toyota Prius Hybrid Panasonic Battery Pack Configuration Batteries • 201.6 V, 1.31 kWh (38%-82%) • Ni-MH cells of 1.2 V, 6.5 Ah • 168 cells = 28 modules , 6 cells • Module: 46 Wh/kg, 1.3 kW/kg • no charge balancing Sensors • 1 current sensor • voltage sensor every second string • 3 thermistors Toyota battery has these characteristics: Capacity, Voltage, and Ampacity. Capacity: Total "Energy" in the battery. We measure it in Amps x Time, or Amp*hours. Voltage: Volts coming out. Amps x Volts = Power. Amps x Volts x Time = Energy. Ampacity: Amp limit. Here is a chart showing the Capacity, Volts, and energy in an Eneloop, a 1/28th module, and the whole battery. In short, the "28 modules " when you calculated the whole-car energy. If you were to put the 28 modules in parallel, you'd get (6.5 Amp*hours x 28 modules) = 182 Amp*hours at 14.4v. This would be tough to manage though, with an ideal minimum charge rate of about 100 amps at 16v (!). Don't forget the difference between "An amp" and "An amp for one hour." An eneloop can deliver two amps for an hour, or about four amps for half an hour (Or one mA for 2000 hours). Working with battery supplier Panasonic Corp - which also produces Li-ion batteries for Tesla - Toyota has also improved the precision in battery cell assembly, ensuring battery chemistry is free of impurities. Toyota is under stiff competition in Europe, it is only the 11th biggest selling car brand. The big issue the Prius has is that its price pushes it against poverty spec cars from the premium German brands. Prius sell in Europe to taxi drivers (mostly), where cost savings and tried and tested battery technology counts, and then to people who want the technology can find a OEM battery replacement and green credentials including financial savings SUNTO-GUN, Japan -- Toyota Motor Corp. for 2016 is installing its next-generation Prius hybrid with a choice of newer-generation lithium ion or more traditional nickel-metal hydride batteries. Toyota has mainly used the more mature nickel-metal hydride batteries to power the motor in the conventional Prius, widely regarded as the forefather of the ‘green’ car, though it did use some lithium-ion batteries from 2009 in its first plug-in hybrid Prius, around the time the first all-electric cars powered by lithium-ion batteries - such as the Tesla Roadster and Nissan Leaf - came on to the mass market. The United States and China are encouraging automakers to make more all-electric battery cars as they push alternative energy strategies. The weight savings will be critical for automakers to meet new CAFE standards, as well as being critical for BEV range. “Developing lithium-ion batteries for both hybrids and plug-ins will enable us to also produce all-electric cars in the future,” said Toyoshima said. “It makes sense to have a range of batteries to suit different powertrains.” Since (2015) Prius lineup includes both nickel-metal hydride and lithium-ion batteries. Nickel-metal hydride batteries use newly developed electrode material and battery case design for dramatically increased charge performance. Lithium-ion batteries have dramatically increased output performance due to their use of newly developed electrode materials and reduced cell resistance. Both nickel-metal hydride and lithium-ion batteries charge at a constant level at all times by monitoring and computing the cumulative amount of discharge under acceleration, and recharging by regenerative braking or with surplus power under normal running conditions. They also eliminate the need for external charging and regular replacement. There are (2) different models unit for a new OEM Toyota Prius battery pack ; Depending on the generation model. 1- lithium ion (since 2016) ( 56 cells) 207.2 volts / 30.5 liters (1.1 cubic feet) 2-nickel-metal hydride batteries (only 168 cells) 201.6 volts / 1.25 cubic feet A Panasonic local joint venture partner in Dalian China sells the OEM units. The two batteries are also about the same size. The lithium batteries are 30.5 liters (1.1 cubic feet), while the nickel-metal ones are 1.25 cubic feet. Both are smaller than the outgoing battery, under the back seat . Lithium-ion is proven enough for Tesla, Chevrolet, Nissan, and many others as well. Toyota uses NiMH because its cheaper, which is fine, but Lithium-ion is superior in every way (except initial cost). Lithium-ion is just as durable. It has much lower self-discharge rate. Lithium-ion has higher voltage so fewer batteries are needed to obtain a certain voltage. Lithium-ion has much better energy and power density. NiMH will go the way of NiCad batteries--soon to be completely obsoleted by even cheaper and more powerful Lithium-ion variations. The Prius NiMH battery has a ,specific energy density of 41Wh/kg,. Compare that to A123System's LiFePO4 prismatic cell 131W/Kg. That's more than 3X the energy density of the Prius c battery! The A123 prismatic cells require a heavier enclosure because they are pouches rather than hard encased cells. And, be careful of you units, because W/kg is power density. 131 Wh/kg is their energy density. As far as Lithium goes, we are at the stage that Toyota was at back in the late 90's, where they had D cell NIMH sticks for the NWH10, and large format NIMH for the RAV4 EV. Now, they have an experiment running with 5Ah cells in the Prius Alpha+ in Japan, and 21Ah cells in the PHV. Other vendors (Sanyo, LG, A123) are still at the experiment stage as well in terms of fleet size. That said, the next version of the C is an excellent candidate for a lithium due to the size/weight constraints. The weight difference between Prius Alpha 5 (NiMh) and 7 (Lithium) seaters is ,10-20 kg, depending on the trim. You can buy OEM from battery stores in these Japan & China town :, Taiwa-cho, Kurokawa-gun, Miyagi and in Dalian China (they do not speak english ) NiMH Power Technology Co.,Lt,d -Guangdong, China Toyota Prius Hybrid Battery Cell Module 7.2V 6.5ah Installation of a new pack is likely to cost you a little more. Prius owners do not always want to return to the dealer they purchased the car from but rather save from a local mechanic familiar with hybrids with the same equivalent capacity 1-lithium ion ( 56 cells) 207.2 volts / 30.5 liters (1.1 cubic feet) 2-nickel-metal hydride batteries (168 cells) 201.6 volts / 1.25 cubic feet ,s Most Prius Panasonic batteries consist of 168 Prismatic cells configured as 28 Modules (each module weighs about 1040g). Output voltage varies from "generation" to "generation" between 288.0 V (Generation II, 2000 year) and 201.6 V (Generation III & IV, 2004-10 year). Nominal capacity is 6.5Ah. Toyota does not manufacture batteries for the Prius. Panasonic does. Panasonic is the world largest car battery manufacturer in China and Japan :,Taiwa Ryutsu Kogyo Danchi (logistics & industrial park), Taiwa-cho, Kurokawa-gun, Miyagi Prefecture ,. They make car batteries for a dozen major manufacturer including Tesla, Audi, BMW , Porsche, and many others. Nissan, GM, and Mitsubishi already each have over 200 Mwh of lithium batteries in the field, in mass produced cars. Toyota and Ford have each committed to lithium batteries in both phev and evs. Hyundai, BMW, and Mercedes, Renault, VW, Audi, and Porsche use lithium batteries exclusively. Do not feel obliged to buy batteries from Toyota; Buy directly from a Panasonic car battery manufacturer or distributor. Expired battery packs aren’t wasted, thanks to a battery recycling program Toyota launched in 2010. China is the driving force in the business of electric vehicle batteries, which European leaders see as vital to the future of the auto industry that employs millions of people across the continent. "Europe might well see its carmakers massively moving production to China in the future," said Simone Tagliapietra, "This is a huge risk" for the region that's home to companies like Volkswagen , BMW , Mercedes-Benz and Renault . Building electric cars in China makes sense for companies because that's where most customers are, and it enables them to avoid heavy tariffs on imported vehicles. It also puts their manufacturing plants closer to the supply chain for batteries, which account for about 40% of the value of electric cars. "It just makes sense to produce electric vehicles where batteries are also produced," Tagliapietra said. Mercedes-Benz EQC is a Tesla-rivaling electric SUV Mercedes estimates that the EQC will offer about 279 miles of range when it goes on sale in the U.S. That compares to the Jaguar I-Pace's estimated range of 240 miles and the Tesla Model X's EPA-rated range of up to 289 miles. The EQC's 80-kwh lithium-ion battery sits under the floor between front and rear sub-frames. he German automaker has unveiled its EQC, which is set to enter production next year and kick off a new $12 billion lineup of battery-powered that will be sold under the EQ name. The new Mercedes-Benz EQC - the first Mercedes-Benz under the product and technology brand EQ. With its seamless, clear design, the EQC is a pioneer for an avant-garde electric look with trailblazing design details and colour highlights typical of the brand both inside and out. / The new Mercedes-Benz EQC (combined power consumption: 22.2 kWh/100 km; combined CO2 emissions: 0 g/km, provisional figures) (MB) The compact SUV is about the size of the gas-powered GLC and will initially be built alongside it at an assembly line in Bremen, Germany. It features all-wheel-drive provided by dual electric motors with a total output of 402 hp. Vitally, it features an 80 kilowatt-hour (kWh) battery pack with a predicted range of approximately 200 miles per charge. The Tesla Model X with a 75 kWh battery has a 238-mile range, while the Jaguar I-Pace, which begins deliveries this fall, is expected to be rated from between 220 to 240 miles courtesy of its 90 kWh pack. Using a public DC fast charging station, the EQC’s battery can be filled to 80 percent in 40 minutes. The software that runs them is changing constantly. Teslas produce huge amounts of data about their use in the real world (battery management) that goes into optimizing their software. They have software to look at that data which you can’t get from dissecting a Tesla. Mercedes-Benz is fervently working on fully-autonomous driving technology, the EQC will only come with driver assist features like automatic emergency brakes, adaptive cruise control and self-steering lane-keeping assist. It’s built-in navigation system is also optimized for electric operation, with routes taking range and charging times into account. The F-Cell reportedly has some common components with the upcoming Mercedes-Benz EQC electric SUV, which is expected to have a 200-mile range from its batteries in European driving. Mercedes officials in the U.S. have said it will have a longer range when the car goes on sale here in 2020.The F-Cell's tanks hold 4.4 kilograms of hydrogen, which give it a range of 267 miles on hydrogen. And as the first fuel-cell vehicle that also has a plug-in battery, the F-Cell gets another 32 miles of range from its plug-in battery (based on a European driving cycle.) The motor puts out 208 horsepower, which Mercedes describes as an output that helps to "ensure high driving dynamics," though on paper that horsepower rating falls well behind the Tesla Model X or many competing gas-powered SUVs. Originally shown in at the Frankfurt Motor Show in 2017, the F-Cell has four driving modes: Battery, which runs strictly on the battery for up to 32 miles; F-Cell, maintains the charge level in the battery, using net energy only from the fuel-cell; Hybrid, which depletes both the battery and the hydrogen in the tanks in what Mercedes says is the most efficient way; and Charge, which uses the fuel cell to charge the battery. 2020 Mercedes-Benz EQC specs revealed (Updated) Pricing for the EQC will be revealed closer to its arrival in U.S. showrom shortly , but should be competitive with the I-Pace, which starts at $69,500. https://www.mercedes-benz.com/en/eq/articles/concept-eq-electric-intelligence-sxsw-2018/ Cars, SUVs, Vans and many more Ford, China's Zotye Auto invest $756 million in electric vehicle JV Ford, China’s Zotye Auto plan JV to build electric vehicles Contact Us >> FORD :CHINA ,Zotye International Automobile Trading CO., LTD , ,Floor 15th, 6 Block, JOYON A.D. TIMES, NO. 955, East Tiancheng Road, Jianggan District, Hangzhou City, Zhejiang Province, P.R. China TEL: ,+86-571-56970808 ext:6000 1-,Concept EQ: Electric Intelligence | SXSW 2018 2-,The Mercedes-Benz EQC is a Tesla-rivaling electric SUV 3-,Why Elon Musk Is Getting Trolled By Mercedes Dezhou Gaia Solar Energy Co.,Ltd Room 712, Baitiane Plaza, No.7 of HuBinnan Road, Dezhou City, Shandong Province 4 Wheel Electric SUV with Hybrid Battery Chinese Electric Car for Sale 5-,BYD e6 Chinese Electric Car Won't Be Sold To Consumers In U.S. 6-,2020 Mercedes-Benz EQC specs revealed (Updated) 7-,Electric-car start-up Lucid Motors moves to bigger headquarters in Tesla's backyard 8-,Lucid 9-,http://www.autonews.com/article/20181022/OEM02/181029961/rivian-automobility-la-electric-car 10-,How Porsche Will -- and Won't -- Beat Tesla's Superchargers -- The Motley Fool 11-,As More Cars Plug In, Utilities and Makers Juggle Ways to Power Them

What is your dream car?

About 5 - 5.5 meter long decent-looking (not exotic, not cheap, not aggressive) sedan/estate, basically something like pre-facelift Mercedes-Benz W212 E-class, “allroad” version of 2010-something Audi A6 preferably styled (and built like) the famous Mercedes-Benz W124 E-class that has the following: It should be made of high-quality durable materials and should be put together very well, just like a good premium-brand car. Imagine the Mercedes-Benz W123 or W124 E-class or Mercedes-Benz W140 S-class. Responsive and powerfull (300+ HP on wheels) hybrid drivetrain consisting of electric and internal combustion engine, where the combustion engine is a perfectly balanced naturally-aspirated 5.5+ liter V12 mounted longitudinally over/behind the front axle. It should sound like a big mean engine it is so I can enjoy the sound, but not too loud so it wouldn't anger the neighbors. Something like the new (as of early 2019) Mercedes-Benz hybrid powertrain with something akin to the famous Mercedes-Benz M120 or BMW S70/2 or Toyota 1GZ-FE, preferably with the tuning the Toyota 4A-GE engine of the famous “hachiroku” or Toyota 1LR-GUE of the Lexus LFA. Mean sound to please a car guy like me, just not too loud for neighbors and other non-car enthusiasts. All-time all-wheel-drive with thrust-vectoring (ability to change torque distribution when turning), ideally symetrical like in Subaru cars, but able to take some abuse. Fuel tank to allow this monster go for at least 1000 km without refueling. If possible, the electric-only range should be at least 50 km. Good handling on the road (at least like a BMW E36 3-series) and off road. It should be performing well on highway, good road, bad road, but also be able to do some light off-roading. At least as far as such big heavy car can go. For this it should also have perfect (50:50) or near-perfect front-rear and left-right weight balance. Chassis should be sturdy, stiff and durable. It should be very safe in the event of crash. I don’t mind driving away after frontal collision with a semi truck (of course not until I am sure everybody survived unharmed and all due paperwork is sorted out). I am aware this would carry great responsibility to not crash as anybody crashing into me would probably be pretty f*cked. It should comfortably seat 4 adults, or 2 adults and two kids in the kids seats - for them it should have the ISOFIX system Cargo area should be big enough to take a baby stroller, big toolbox and three days worth of food, clothing and other supplies for me, my lovely wife and our children. Everything should be well isolated if the car ever was to be completely submerged in water (for example in major flood), I should be able to just dry the interior and combustion engine intake and drive like nothing happened (at least until I can give the car proper after-flood maintenance) It shouldn’t corrode and rust. It should be reasonably easy to work on. So no unaccessible bolts, no special tools. Having a standard well-equipped toolbox in the trunk should be enough for everything (that plus a simple error code scanner). Given proper maintenance (specified in mentioned user’s manual) it should be able to last 1 000 000 + km and 20 years without problems. Ideally it should stay with me for my entire life (although I’d probably have a small economy car for usual commuting). It should also be absolutely reliable provided I give it proper maintenance. If I was to let it sit for a month for whatever reason, it must just work right. It shouldn’t consume too much fuel when driven carefully. I think that reaching 6 or 7 liters per 100 km in long-time average should be reasonable for this vehicle with specified powertrain. These things are a must. I like simple cars, but I can also enjoy hi-tech stuff. So I’d like some more stuff in my dream car, but it should be possible to easily disable it all and the car should also drive just fine with any or even all these gadgets fail, malfunctions or are even completely missing. If that is not possible, then the car shouldn’t have it at all. So here are the gadgets for my dream car: Practical and handy options like heated windshield, rear window and mirrors, heated & vented seats and steering wheel, A/C, parking camera, fixation aids in the cargo area, ice scraper in the fuel port cover etc. (would take too long to list it all, most is available for most decent middle-class cars). Possibility to monitor and set everything possible on the infotainment screen (like in Tesla Model S, but including access to mentioned V12’s control unit), but also have buttons and/or knobs for basic functions. On-board network. There should be a LAN RJ-45 connection in the glove box, but also latest-gen Wi-Fi. The vehicle should be also able to connect to external Wi-Fi network (for example when parked at home) and cellular data (ideally I’d put my both SIM cards in it and forget about smartphones altogether). Front and rear facing cameras. Like standard dashcams, but integrated. Recording should be controlled from within the infotainment, where I’d also like to view and/or edit the recordings. Possibility to charge car’s batteries from grid when at home. Solar panels in car’s roof would also be very nice. It should also have a block heater to heat the combustion engine up before driving. Handy especially when the thermometer reads bellow -20°C. Could also function as a big UPS / generator combo for long power outages (1 or 2 weeks for a small house is more than enough). I’d also like to connect the car to the home network using cable when it is parked in the garage for a week (which I’d probably have if I was able to buy such a car). I’d also like to access car’s settings (or ideally entire infotainment system) from my computer when the car is connected to the network. I’d like to connect it with my home server, so I can back up car’s data on the server, and carry a copy of my data in the car, so I can work on something in the car, and also not lose my data should my house get destroyed while I’m away. So the car’s computer should be able to replace my desktop, laptop, smartphone and server. The possibility to record all sensors and engine data together with GPS, so I can analyze my drive (for example a lap on a racing circuit) later, ideally from within the car’s infotainment. Clever functions like traction control, self-driving, but all easy to turn on/off. Possibility to set that I should go somewhere for example “Monday, 5:30” and the car would heat/cool itself to be fully prepared before I go. If it could call me on the phone to wake me up, even better. Owner’s manual should be available in both paper and digital version, the latter should be accessible within car’s infotainment. It should be very detailed, including all informations needed to repair anything, or even to completely rebuild entire car. It would be also perfect if said manual could include blueprints and source codes so it was possible to completely reproduce the car, but I’d only want this to make spare parts should these become unavailable. I am well aware that this is more unrealistic than anything else on this list. Ability to change suspension settings including ride height. Again, within the infotainment. I’d like all of that, it is not sorted by priority or anything. I specified my parameters, so the last thing is that it should look nice both me and my wife, so it should come in light blue metallic paint. Again, I’d love to have all that crap in the car, but it should work just fine if anything stops working. So I’d like to switch it between car/computer combo mode and “just a car” mode. Now what it should NOT have: Drivetrain that is not all-whell-drive at all times. Front-heavy handling like older Audi cars. Assistents for holding lane, Start-Stop systems, eCall and other stuff like that, if it is not possible to permanently disable/enable them in the infotainment - again, I’d actually like to have them, but only if I can easily enable/disable them permanently whenever the hell I want. Nice luxury stuff that is bullshit in a daily car, like illuminated foot wells, perfume dispenser in the HVAC and so. Roof window. Just no. More weight in already heavy-ass vehicle, possible leaking point in the long term. As far as I know, my dream car doesn’t exist yet. If there was a car with the mentioned mechanical properties but without the computer & networking stuff, I’d still be very glad to buy it (and add that stuff later). In the mean time, I'll be still happy with my 2002 Škoda Fabia Combi, or whatever my next vehicles may be. I might be looking for a nice pre-facelift Mercedes-Benz W212 E550 4Matic. Nowhere near the beast from my dreams, but I drove one of these a few times and I absolutely love it. But it isn’t as responsive and mechanical as the old BMW E36 I used to own and doesn’t have the holy grail of my automotive heaven, a V12 + electric motor combo. Not to mention the “just a car and a driver” feeling you get in a hachiroku (Toyota AE86).

What is the difference between the Mercedes-Benz CLA CGI Sport and the CLA Urban Sport?

I can say what is similar. They are both a waste of money and you should be looking at a proper C-Class like the C200 maybe

What is the cost of a crime in Brazil?

Very hard question since im not a security specialist. There is a bunch of debate and research in civil society in Brazil about causes, incidences, strategies to combat it, and it is as far as i know clear that the straighforwand thesis of “social inequality explains everything” is more of a misleading one. “Car Wash operations” have shown the society big crime is white-collar. Although inequality is the context to our deadly problem. Before thinking of “costs”, Ill try to develop some more basic reference points: It is pretty clear the weaknesses and lack of smart policies and integration of State police forces (remember that, guaranteeing security on the streets, I mean, police forces, is a responsibility of Federation States, São Paulo, Rio, Minas Gerais etc. Federal government runs the Justice Ministry, joining the Federal Police, indigenous right, refugees, crimes against economy, and other issues that go beyond States. For example, Money Wash crimes). Now that we have a security crises in Brazil, with the army being called to back up police in 2 or 3 states, Justice ministry is trying (as always) to give answers (,Justiça e Segurança Pública,). Why do we now have a security crisis? Drug and Gun illegal selling explains a lot. In the last 2 decades we watched crime getting organized and forging “armies”, limiting territory as monopolies to commit crimes. This is very evident in SP and RJ. Drug selling became a very organized institution, made of “armies” fighting against themselves, brutally, involving kids and grown-ups. In RJ for example, the geographical location of favelas limits the entry of police, who are famous for being as brutal as the gangsters. I notice, there is kind of a “tacit” agreement that these illegal activities are to happen “peacefully”. “Let it happen as far as it makes lives preserved”. It is also true that these complex illegal and brutal system does: (1) have the engagement and “tacit” participation of political and police actors, who get bribes to make things go on as they go. (2) The criminal “armies” enforce moral laws in their communities as they judge, for example, no-one in that favela robs or kills another one from the same favela. The illegal “armies” provide drugs, makes a lot of money selling to rich people in the south marvelous tourist area of Rio, and install their own understanding of moral laws in their territory. This is although, “peaceful times”. There are strong brutal feelings among the several “armies”, specially to conquer or guarantee more territories, guns, and, protect inhabits! See. Things are more complex. In more recent times, another kind of “army” got public attention, the “milicias”, also working in favelas. The milicias are composed of former police and army men, ex- fire professionals, private security professionals off duty, normal people with anger of injustice etc. They got progressively organized to protect people from the brutality of organized crimes and their hard jurisdiction (main narcoarmies are PCC, in SP, and Comando Vermelho, in RJ but there are many). It is known that the origin of milicias traces back to the State blinding their eyes, as militias could be a kind of contraforce against “armies” the State didn’t know how to fight. With time, they became brutal and started offering extra services and guaranteeing community security in exchange for money. Extra services: painted symbols in the houses to mark a protected family, fast track to basic services, like cable TV and electricity, for free, control of all-illegal gambling houses and of real state projects in the favelas, in exchange of fees. Milicias dont rob banks and cars, cause their activities are “ambiguous”, while drug dealers are robbing cars, cel phones and banks. There is a wave in Brazil now of bandits invading banks with their cars, destroying it, making panic to rob and quickly run away with a car expecting them outside. Milicias don’t do it. As you see, security issues in the big cities are complex. Milicias have connections with high State and Federal authorities to back up their activities, or, otherwise, territories would be abandoned. When police goes up the favelas, population fear the most, cause there will be deaths in brutal confrontation. Police invading favelas is never a solution. Before the World Cup, in 2009, State government tried a “revolutionary” policy of “finally” setting police forces IN the favelas, so that they could build trust and guarantee a more balanced scenario. The so-called UPP, unit of pacification police, did lowed homicide rates significantly, but failed for a number of reasons. See? Complex. For example, recent news accused Rio’s police to have lent a military, strong vehicle to drug dealers, in this current crisis, so that they could drive back to their territories as they were fighting for new frontiers. High bribes were distributed. See the vehicle below. I offer you interested a link in english that brings a lot of information from a former high authority of security in Rio. He was fired for accusing police factions of connection with crime. Worth reading, pairs with my opinions. ,https://translate.google.com.br/translate?hl=en&sl=pt&u=https://noticias.uol.com.br/cotidiano/ultimas-noticias/2017/01/06/upp-fracassou-porque-so-ela-nao-basta-diz-ex-sub-da-seguranca-do-rj.htm&prev=search Now, additional answer to the original question: costs of crime. (a) lives of people and suffering families (b) difficult-to-fight established connections between police and crime, discrediting the whole security system, territories fully controlled by the crime (c) leading to a long-dated legitimacy crises (that is why Brazilians always mention security when giving advice about Brazil, fair, there is a psychological bias we are on our own) (d) the reorganization of cities, and the whole Brazilian urban dynamics, into ,condos,, big building settings for living and, more recently, also working. A condo can have one big equipped tower and can also be entirely planned neighborhoods with a dozen of buildings. Brazilians don’t have to leave their condos anymore, this phenomena reinforces inequality and “fear of the other” in everyday life. Vicious cycle. Separate the rich from the poor. Real Estate businesses buying earlier cheap areas to upgrade them, expel original inhabitants (rents get higher) and getting the richer together. Not only a Brazilian phenomena of course. Fair for business logics, but imoral from an urbanist view. (Pause) Just to bring a microscopic family example of this last consequence above. My brother is and architect who got specialized in garden design, and worked in top offices in SP. He now lives in my hometown, very modern, high standards of living, being aggressively invaded by new constructors. This was a huge opportunity for him. Local constructors had to update their project conceptions too. The whole market was for him, he was in the right spot with the right expertise, very few competitors. The city, São José dos Campos, is less than 1 hour from SP, has 700.000 inhabitants and is fully serviced, also headquarter of Embraer, with makes the city home of our aerospace and defense cluster. Big money. Many engineers. Ok. When he started getting experienced of this opportunity, he told me, he went to a local contractor, an old business company, and had to convince their directors of “why they should hire my brother for designing the gardens of the enterprise being planned”. Gardens in condos, at that time, in a middle city, was not the rule. Local business had already understood they needed to build apartments with big balconies, for barbecue and great landscape views, but gardens? For what? After my brother showed his portfolio, with included successful enterprises in SP, with design gardens equipped for children and adult entertainment, a director stood up and asked him: “Felipe [my brother], I have here a poll about what matters to a client looking for a condo unit. And a garden stands as a very low priority. Why should we accept your offer?” My brother (I love him!) checked the poll and had just the bombastic insight. He saw the first priorities in the list and said: “I think you are not getting me right. I’m not selling you gardens simply. I’m selling you a new concept of living where the unit owners will have no concerns to let their children play downstairs, with a wide variety of possibilities I’m showing you now (including indoor and outdoor beach-resort-like pools). What Im selling you is an upgrade in your sales speech, in line with customers’ first priority: security.” Do you get the: Fair for business logics, but imoral from an urbanist view? He got the contract and the directors were caught speechless. My brother is now the most famous and awarded garden designer in town. He helped change market standards. I like this story of family achievement lol… So, crime gets into these more subtle consequences and costs, since the cities become more and more segregated. Another issue I won't talk much cause already said a lot. Public transportation. Rich people don’t use busses, unless they’re students - bus rides are the standard here, SP has the world’s biggest fleet of buses, a lot of hard-to-fight mafia in this business. It has changed nowadays as public transportation has evolved, Uber has forced taxis to evolve and get cheaper, and there was a quick development of a bike route system throughout SP, spreading into other cities. Metro is modern and reliable, most democratic means of transportation, but very crowded in rush hours and too small for necessities. Metro system is growing slowly, but new stations and equipment are state-of-art. But the historical segregation of poor/rich has been enforced by public service delivery: poor in buses/rich in cars. There is even a joke that says: “I’ll get my Mercedes-Benz”, which means the big busses, and not the cars of course. As middle classes grew under Lula, new factories were installed in Brazil with great expectations, credit for buying cars grew, the market in first term of Lula broke records of sales, the streets were even more crowded, traffic got worse, but them the resession brought numbers of sales to levels back in the 1990s. I’m saying this because buying a car is a major symbolic step to leave “being poor” to “being rich”. (Car industry in Brazil, I say disagreeing with depreciative comment somewhere, does not make “crap”. They bring, or develop, and make cars suitable to Brazilian society. They are not crap, they are just simpler, much smaller than those in Europe and USA. But we have our own R&D, like building new generation small cars suitable for countries like Brazil, and the ecofuel ethanol, used by Flex cars everywhere, as an alternative for gas. But, of course, also controversial policies and complex market changes.) Not to mention high health system costs with violence, young people using drugs earlier (maryuana, mixed cocaine and the so dangerous cheap version of cocaine called crack. Decriminalizing them is a debate that indeed grows, but complicated as society is very heterogeneous). The police forces are not organized, systems intelligence is weak, police forces are underpaid and undertrained… A disaster. How to judge police actions in this context? How to improve the system? How to break long-lasting illegal connections? I have fear and anxiety feelings for the next generations of full citizens in Brazil, although I recognize many other positive new aspects, like being more connected to politics. I hope I helped! Até logo e obrigado!

HOME