Here's why the 2023 Perodua Axia gets 4-star ASEAN NCAP rating while Bezza gets 5 stars
CY Foong · Feb 9, 2023 11:30 AM
Perodua Bezza scored 5 stars in 2016
D74A Perodua Axia scored 4 stars in 2023, the two results are not comparable - scoring method is different
New 2021 - 2025 ASEAN NCAP test protocol prioritizes motorcycle safety, grants bonus points to AEB that detects motorcycles
ASEAN NCAP has just released its report on the upcoming all-new D74A 2023 Perodua Axia and the entry Perodua model scored 73.55 points which give it 4 stars. That's one star short of the full 5 star-rating that the Perodua Bezza achieved.
Does this mean the all-new Axia is less safe compared to the older Bezza according to ASEAN NCAP? Well, no and that’s because both the D74A Axia and the Bezza were tested under different methodologies.
While there are different new car assessment programmes (NCAP) all over the world like Euro NCAP, the Chinese NCAP, the Australasian NCAP, and the Japanese NCAP, each of these institutions have different rating methodologies. Just because a car is rated 5 stars in Europe doesn’t mean it would be the same as the one offered in Malaysia or the region as specifications vary by market/region.
As such, not only do each of these organisations have its own methodologies, but they would also constantly update the scoring protocols every few years or so. Usually, these newer methodologies would accommodate the latest safety technologies or even autonomous features like autopilot.
Euro NCAP changes its methodology every 3 years while ASEAN NCAP changes its methodology every 5 years. The current ASEAN NCAP methodology is in effect between 2021 to 2025 and is regarded as the first phase of its decade-long roadmap.
Compared to the Bezza’s crash test methodology in 2016, the all-new Axia has to undergo more stringent scoring. Looking at the Bezza’s crash test report, there were two ratings scored – variants with ESC were given 5 stars while those with ESC absent were only given 4 stars. It was a rudimentary methodology, to say the least.
A year after the Bezza’s results were posted, ASEAN NCAP introduced an updated methodology which comprised three main pillars – Adult Occupant Protection (AOP), Child Occupant Protection (COP), and Safety Assist (SAT). This methodology would last between 2017 and 2020 and if the Bezza were to be tested under this methodology, it might not retain the 5-star rating.
That is the only area where the D74A Axia did not manage to score 5 stars according to the ASEAN NCAP report. The hatchback excelled in the AOP, COP, and Safety Assist categories but could only muster 4 out of 5 stars in the MS category.
The reason is due to the Perodua Smart Drive Assist (PSDA) only being able to detect larger vehicles but not as effective on bikes. Still, that doesn’t mean the all-new Axia is unsafe and in fact, it’s far from it.
The D74A Axia comes standard with 2 airbags, ABS, and VSC while the higher variants are equipped with PSDA and 6 airbags. Estimated prices for the all-new Axia range from RM 38.6k to RM 49.5k and at the time of publication, there have been over 3,500 bookings of the D74A Axia.